Shawnee, Kansas

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Shawnee, Kansas
Official seal of Shawnee, Kansas
Location within Johnson County and Kansas
Location within Johnson County and Kansas
KDOT map of Johnson County (legend)
Coordinates: 39°0′46″N 94°45′57″W / 39.01278°N 94.76583°W / 39.01278; -94.76583Coordinates: 39°0′46″N 94°45′57″W / 39.01278°N 94.76583°W / 39.01278; -94.76583
CountryUnited States
StateKansas
CountyJohnson
Government
 • MayorMichelle Distler[1]
Area
 • Total42.86 sq mi (111.01 km2)
 • Land41.98 sq mi (108.72 km2)
 • Water0.89 sq mi (2.30 km2)
Elevation
1,066 ft (325 m)
Population
 • Total67,311
 • Estimate 
(2021)[4]
67,511
 • Density1,600/sq mi (610/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
66203, 66214, 66216-20, 66226-27, 66299
Area code913
FIPS code20-64500
GNIS ID478925[5]
Websitecityofshawnee.org

Shawnee /ʃɔːˈn/ is a city in Johnson County, Kansas, United States and is part of the Kansas City metropolitan area.[6] As of the 2020 census, the population of the city was 67,311.[3]

History[edit]

Territory of Kansas[edit]

Before and after the American Civil War, Shawnee served as a government road that connected Fort Leavenworth to Fort Riley. During the mid 19th century, branches of the Oregon Trail and nearby Santa Fe Trail that travelled through, Olathe, Overland Park and Kansas City, Missouri saw settlers travel through the area.[7] A Shawnee Indian mission had been established at the present site of Shawnee in 1831. Shawnee was laid out as a town in 1857.[8] Kansas entered the union as a free state on January 29, 1861 to become the 34th state.[9] The declaration of a free state, added to the tension between the anti-slave abolitionists and pro-slave Confederate guerrillas.

American Civil War[edit]

William Quantrill was a confederate Guerrilla Leader who led Confederate soldiers that were known as bushwhackers. In October 1862, Willam Quantrill ordered an attack on Shawnee, which saw the town pillaged and burned to the ground.[10] Quantrill and his army of bushwhackers return in the summer of 1863, to raid and look for an escape route from Lawrence, which he was intending to sack. The raids on Shawnee served as a training exercise before attempting the full scale siege on Lawrence.[11]

Shawnee was selected by Quantrill for its proximity to Lawrence, being 35 miles away (56 kms). Lawrence was established for the political reason of being an anti-slave town and had many clashes with the confederate army started before the American Civil War. The first documented event of Bleeding Kansas was the Wakarusa War that saw both sides clash and come to a temporary truce. This allowed Lawrence to add to its defenses before the Sacking of Lawrence. In August 1863, the Lawrence Massacre took place at the hands of William Quantrill. This saw 250 men corralled and murdered and $2.2 million from damages.[11]

Present Day[edit]

In 2010, Shawnee was recognized by Money Magazine in its annual "Best Places To Live" survey, placing 17th in the United States ranking. Shawnee was recognized for its affordable housing, air quality index, and median commute time.[12]

Geography[edit]

Shawnee is located at 39°0′46″N 94°45′57″W / 39.01278°N 94.76583°W / 39.01278; -94.76583 (39.012767, -94.765818).[13] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.86 square miles (111.01 km2), of which, 41.85 square miles (108.39 km2) is land and 1.01 square miles (2.62 km2) is water.[14]

Shawnee Mission Park is a 1,600-acre (6.5 km2) park that includes a 120-acre (0.49 km2) lake.[15]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930553
19405978.0%
195084541.5%
19609,072973.6%
197020,946130.9%
198029,65341.6%
199037,99328.1%
200047,99626.3%
201062,20929.6%
202067,3118.2%
2021 (est.)67,511[4]0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[16]
2010-2020[3]

Shawnee is the 7th largest city in the Kansas City Metropolitan Area.[17]

According to the 2007-2009 American Community Survey (2) the median income for a household in the city was $71,705, and the median income for a family was $86,408. Males had a median income of $55,222 versus $41,960 for females. The per capita income for the city was $33,502. About 3.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.0% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 62,209 people, 23,651 households, and 16,876 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,463.7 people per square mile (564.4/km2). There were 24,954 housing units at an average density of 587.1 per square mile (226.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.3% White, 5.3% African American, 0.4% Native American, 3.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.3% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.5% of the population.

There were 23,651 households, of which 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 9.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 23.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.11 persons.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.7% from 25 to 44, 26.6% from 45 to 64, and 10.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.

Economy[edit]

Top employers[edit]

According to the town's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[18] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 FedEx Ground Package System, Inc. 575
2 Bayer HealthCare, LLC-Animal Div 550
3 First Student 400
4 Shawnee, City of 330
4 Wal-Mart Super Center 300
5 Nazdar Industries 280
7 Hy-Vee Food Stores 250
8 KU MedWest 225
9 Target Super Store 190
10 Kraft Tool Company 180

Government[edit]

Shawnee has a council–manager government. Mayor and councilmembers are elected to four year terms. Each ward has two representatives whose terms are staggered by two years. However, the elections of April 2010 and 2012 will serve for three years.[19] The day-to-day operations are managed by the city manager.

Libraries and museums[edit]

JoCo Museum of History

Two branches of the Johnson County Library serves the Shawnee Mission area. The Library includes 13 locations throughout Johnson County, including the Monticello and Shawnee Libraries.[20] Shawnee Town 1929 Museum and Wonderscope Children's Museum are also located within the city.[21][22][23]

Media[edit]

Shawnee is in the Kansas City, Missouri television market. The Shawnee Dispatch was a weekly newspaper published by the Lawrence Journal-World and The World Company.[24] The Shawnee Dispatch ceased operation in November 2018.[25]

Schools[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Shawnee include energy executive Linda Cook,[26] former Attorney General of Kansas Phill Kline,[27] and comedian Chris Porter.[28]

Sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Michelle Distler sworn in as Shawnee's first female mayor". Shawnee Dispatch. 2015-04-14.
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 24, 2020.
  3. ^ a b c "QuickFacts; Shawnee, Kansas; Population, Census, 2020 & 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 23, 2021. Retrieved August 23, 2021.
  4. ^ a b "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2021". United States Census Bureau. May 16, 2022. Retrieved June 3, 2022.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ "Statistical Areas - Metro Dataline".
  7. ^ "Shawnee History". www.shawneetown.org. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  8. ^ Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Volume 2. Standard Publishing Company. pp. 682.
  9. ^ "Kansas enters the Union". HISTORY. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  10. ^ "Quantrill's Raid on Shawnee". Clio. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  11. ^ a b "Quantrill's Shawnee raids were 'practice for the big one'". Shawnee Dispatch. 2013-08-12. Retrieved 2022-05-29.
  12. ^ "Best places to live". CNN. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  14. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
  15. ^ "Shawnee Mission Park". jcprd.com. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
  16. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved November 29, 2014.
  17. ^ "The Demographic Statistical Atlas of the United States - Statistical Atlas". statisticalatlas.com. Retrieved 2020-09-07.
  18. ^ "COMPREHENSIVE ANNUAL FINANCIAL REPORT CITY OF SHAWNEE, KANSAS Year Ended December 31, 2020" (PDF). Retrieved October 19, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  19. ^ "City Government homepage". Retrieved 10 December 2010.
  20. ^ "Locations". Johnson County Library. Retrieved 19 October 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "Old Shawnee Town Museum homepage".
  22. ^ "Wonderscope homepage".
  23. ^ "Johnson County Museums - About the Museums". 2009-03-21. Archived from the original on 2009-03-21.
  24. ^ "the Shanwee Dispatch homepage". Retrieved 10 January 2014.
  25. ^ Staff Report (2018-11-28). "Shawnee Dispatch ceases publication". Shawnee Dispatch.
  26. ^ Chazan, Guy (2008-11-20). "Linda Cook - Executive Director, Gas & Power, ROYAL DUTCH SHELL". The 50 Women to Watch 2008. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  27. ^ Mann, Fred (October 8, 2006). "Family, past shape Kline's efforts as attorney general," Wichita Eagle.
  28. ^ "Chris Porter Bio". MTV.com. Retrieved 2016-01-21.
  29. ^ a b c "Sister Cities". cityofshawnee.org.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]