|City of Shawneetown|
|• Total||0.74 sq mi (1.92 km2)|
|• Land||0.73 sq mi (1.90 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)|
|• Density||1,435.97/sq mi (554.28/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|Wikimedia Commons||Shawneetown, Illinois|
Shawneetown is located southeast of the center of Gallatin County at  Illinois Route 13 passes through the city, leading southeast 3 miles (5 km) to the Ohio River and the Kentucky border at Old Shawneetown, and west 20 miles (32 km) to Harrisburg. It is located at the northeast edge of Shawnee National Forest..
According to the 2010 census, Shawneetown has a total area of 0.679 square miles (1.76 km2), of which 0.67 square miles (1.74 km2) (or 98.67%) is land and 0.009 square miles (0.02 km2) (or 1.33%) is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,410 people, 632 households, and 389 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,181.8 people per square mile (457.5/km2). There were 693 housing units at an average density of 580.8/sq mi (224.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 96.17% White, 0.50% African American, 2.34% Native American, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.28% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.70% of the population.
There were 632 households, out of which 27.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.5% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.20 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 21.7% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 23.3% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $20,789, and the median income for a family was $33,500. Males had a median income of $32,368 versus $20,208 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,834. About 20.8% of families and 27.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.2% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.
- John R. Anderson (minister) (1818–1863), an American minister from St. Louis, Missouri, who fought against slavery and for education for his fellow African Americans.
- Chris Edwards, author, publisher and display artist
- Henry Rollman, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly and the Wisconsin State Senate
- William W. Wilshire, U.S. Representative from Arkansas (1873-1874, 1875–1877)
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