Shaxi, Yunnan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Xingjiao Temple in Shaxi is a Ming dynasty Buddhist temple of the Bai people
Sideng market square
An elderly Bai woman dressed in traditional garb at the Friday market, smoking a pipe

Shaxi (Chinese: 沙溪) is a historic market town in Jianchuan County, Dali Prefecture, Yunnan province, China.[1] It is located roughly halfway between Dali and Lijiang.

The Sideng market square of Shaxi was added to the World Monuments Watch List of 100 Most Endangered Sites in 2001.[2]

Shaxi started as a trading point for tea and horses during the Tang Dynasty (618 – 907). The prosperity of the town was at its height during the Ming and Qing dynasties (1368–1912).

It is probably the most intact horse caravan town on the Ancient tea route leading from Yunnan into Burma and Tibet[3] and is now being preserved through a cooperation between the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zürich (ETH) and the People's Government of Jianchuan County.[4]

Nearby Shibao mountain contains Buddhist rock carvings and temples of over 1300 years old with, amongst others, images of the bodhisattva Guanyin.

The two main ethnic groups of Shaxi are the Bai and Yi people.


  1. ^ "2017年统计用区划代码".
  2. ^ [1], World Monuments Fund - Shaxi Market Area
  3. ^ Forbes, Andrew ; Henley, David (2011). China's Ancient Tea Horse Road. Chiang Mai: Cognoscenti Books. ASIN: B005DQV7Q2
  4. ^ "Shaxi Rehabilitation Project / Projekte Schmid / Prof. Em. Dr. Willy A. Schmid / Projects of individual professors / Projects / NSL - Network City and Landscape". Archived from the original on 2014-03-18. Retrieved 2014-03-18.

External links[edit]

  • Shaxi travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 26°19′19″N 99°51′18″E / 26.322°N 99.855°E / 26.322; 99.855