Shea & Gardner
Shea & Gardner was a Washington, D.C.-based law firm that practiced from 1947 to 2004 when it merged with Boston-based Goodwin Procter. The firm was founded by two Franklin Delano Roosevelt administration officials, Francis M. Shea and Warner W. Gardner. Shea was a Harvard Law School graduate who became dean of the University of Buffalo Law School. In 1939, he was appointed Assistant Attorney General in the U.S. Department of Justice, heading the Claims Division (today the Civil Division). Shea also served on the staff of his friend, Justice Robert H. Jackson, in summer and fall 1945 preparations for the prosecution in Nuremberg of leading Nazi war criminals. Gardner, a Columbia Law School graduate,clerked for Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone. He then worked for Harold Ickes,Secretary of Interior,served in the Office of the Solicitor General under Jackson and, in the U.S. Army during World War II, at Bletchley Park, England. After the war, Shea and Gardner decided to form a firm with a very unusual emphasis on the brilliance of the individual attorneys. Shea and Gardner became a highly respected Washington institution, known for its litigation, lobbying and regulatory expertise. Its client list included many regulated industries, including railways,insurance companies, mutual funds, maritime companies, mining companies and airlines. Notable clients included Prudential, American President Lines, Cassiar Mining, Fidelity Investments, Peadody Coal, Freeport-McMoRan, U.S. Gypsum, Newmont Mining, and the National Railway Labor Conference.
Gardner's memoir, "Pebbles From the Path behind," discloses that the ill -fated FDR Court Packing scheme was regrettably a brainchild of his.
During Gardner's last Supreme Court argument—which he won—Lockheed V. THOMAS.460 US 190(1983)-Chief Justice Burger allowed Gardner to continue speaking a full five minutes after the red light went on, a gesture of respect virtually unprecedented . The Firm also represented the Iraqi National Congress, a U.S.-supported opposition group. The firm registered as a foreign agent in order to represent the Iraqi exiles. Another notable representation was a successful challenge to the FDIC's brokered deposit regulations. During the late 1980s the firm handled major bank failure cases including First Republic(then the largest bank failure in US history) and Bank of New England. The firm was old fashioned in that many lawyers were generalists more than specialists.And although there were adjustments, compensation was largely tied to seniority. The firm did take on diverse and big projects, like emergency boards in railway labor disputes, cleanup of superfund sites,compliance programs to remediate legacy computer systems, and national asbestos-related litigation and claims. The firm prided itself on its pro bono work and generally left the selection of pro bono up to individual partners. One partner, William Sheehan,for example, was allowed to represent a Georgia inmate on death row. Another partner, Jeff Martin, was diagnosed with early onset Parkinson's. The firm encouraged Martin 's advocacy for patients and Martin became Chairman of the Board of the Parkinson Action Network and a member of the NIH's National Advisory Council on Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Martin also litigated to uphold embryonic stem cell research and became a leading advocate for increased funding of medical research.The 2003 book "Merchants of Immortality", by prize-winning science writer Stephen Hall, describes Martin's activity in great detail.The firm supported those activities. Around 2003, despite strong financial performance,Shea & Gardner began to look for a merger partner in light of the changing marketplace for legal services and the challenges facing mid-sized firms.The partners settled on Goodwin Procter because that firm had a small Washington, D.C. office of only 12 attorneys and the legacy Shea partners could play a large role in shaping and growing the profile of the combined firm in the nation's capital.
Shea and Gardner for many years hosted the offices of the Washington Legal Clinic for the Homeless.
The firm is notable for its alumni who went on to teach at leading law schools or to serve in high government positions.
- Lisa Brown, staff secretary under President Barack Obama
- Stephen Hadley, U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs under President George W. Bush
- R. James Woolsey, Jr., former director of the CIA
- Stephen J. Pollak, assistant attorney general for civil rights under President Lyndon Johnson
- Jim Lobe, 'New champions of the war cause,' Asia Times, Nov. 6 2002.
- Lauren Bayne Anderson, 'D.C., Boston Law Firms to Merge,' Washington Post, July 14, 2004, E01.