Sheba Medical Center

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Sheba Medical Center
Sheba Medical Center Logo.png
Sheba-3.jpg
Geography
LocationTel HaShomer, Ramat Gan, Tel Aviv District, Israel
Coordinates32°2′49.75″N 34°50′42.41″E / 32.0471528°N 34.8451139°E / 32.0471528; 34.8451139Coordinates: 32°2′49.75″N 34°50′42.41″E / 32.0471528°N 34.8451139°E / 32.0471528; 34.8451139
Organisation
Affiliated universityTel Aviv University
Services
Emergency departmentYes
Beds1,580[1]
Helipadyes
History
Opened1948
Links
Websitehttp://eng.sheba.co.il/
Other linkssheba.co.il

Chaim Sheba Medical Center at Tel HaShomer (Hebrew: המרכז הרפואי ע"ש חיים שיבא – תל השומר), also Tel HaShomer Hospital, is the largest hospital in Israel,[2] located in the Tel Aviv District city of Ramat Gan at Tel HaShomer neighborhood, Israel. In 2020, Newsweek ranked it as the 9th-best hospital in the world.[3] In 2021, it was ranked as the 10th best hospital in the world, scoring the highest for an Israeli hospital.[4]

History[edit]

Tel Hashomer hospital, 1947

The hospital was established in 1948 as Israel's first military hospital, to treat Israeli casualties of 1948 Arab-Israeli War. It was founded in a cluster of abandoned military barracks from the Mandate era, and was originally known as Army Hospital No. 5. Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion had it renamed Tel HaShomer Hospital.

In 1953, it became a civilian hospital, and Dr. Chaim Sheba became its director. Following Sheba's death, the hospital was renamed in his honor.[5]Mordechai Shani served as Director General for thirty-three years.[6]

Situated on an 800-dunam (0.80 km2; 0.31 sq mi) campus in east Ramat Gan, Sheba operates 120 departments and clinics. It has 1,430 beds, about 1,250 physicians, 2,300 nurses and 1,500 other healthcare workers. Sheba also employs 1,700 other staff, and nearly 1,000 long-term volunteers, researchers and foreign interns.[7]

It handles over 1,000,000.5 patient visits a year, including 200,000 emergency visits annually, and conducts more than two million medical tests of all types each year, on a $320 million (approximate) annual budget. Sheba is supported by donations from a network of philanthropists and friends from around the world.[8]

Safra Children's Hospital
Padeh Geriatric Rehabilitation Center

Sheba includes an acute care hospital, a rehabilitation hospital (one of the largest rehabilitation hospitals in the world, with 800 beds and 14 buildings), a women's hospital, a children's hospital, an eating disorder clinic, a PTSD clinic for soldiers,[9][10] a laboratory division, an outpatient division, and an academic campus.

Sheba is home to the Israel National Center for Health Policy and Epidemiology Research (equivalent to the U.S. National Institutes of Health), the internationally acclaimed Israel National Center for Medical Simulation (MSR),[11] the Israel National Blood Bank and Cord Blood Bank, and the Safra International Congenital Heart Center. Other major centers at Sheba include the Sheba Cancer Treatment and Research Centers,[12] the Sheba Heart Center that was donated by Lev Leviev,[13] and the Tel Hashomer Medical Research, Infrastructure and Services Co. Ltd., which provides global consulting and training services [14] There is also a rehabilitation hotel, the Shilev Hotel, for recuperating patients. It has 36 double rooms and a medical wing with a doctors office, nurses room, and treatment room.[15]

Sheba provides services to patients from across the Middle East, including many patients (especially children) from the Palestinian Authority. It also provides guidance and mentoring in the planning, construction and operation of healthcare systems and hospitals around the world.[14] Sheba has helped to found a multi-disciplinary clinic in Ukraine, an imaging Center in Uzbekistan, a medical center in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, an oncology center in Mauritania, a polyclinic in the Ivory Coast, and more. Sheba has sent medical support to Kosovo, Armenia, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, and Rwanda. Many patients from the Palestinian Authority and the Arab world are treated at Sheba.[16]After a massive explosion in Equatorial Guinea, a relief mission was sent by Sheba Medical Center. Eight Kurdish infants in need of emergency cardiac surgery were operated on in Israel by Sheba's pediatric cardiac-thoracic surgeons. In December 2020, Sheba's Israel Center for Disaster Medicine and Humanitarian Response team dispatched a coronavirus medical team to the Piedmont region of Northern Italy. Sheba sent a large shipment of equipment to Uruguay along with experts in logistics, treatment and pandemic mitigation.[17]

In 2021, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Sheba Medical Center. According to a statement released by the Emirates News Agency, the MoU aims to “create a framework for cooperation in developing and improving healthcare services to meet the needs of a healthier community.”[18]

Clinical research[edit]

Heart Center at Sheba Medical Center

A large proportion of clinical research in Israel is conducted at Sheba. It is the main clinical trial venue for human health scientific studies conducted by the Weizmann Institute of Science, Tel Aviv University and Bar-Ilan University.[citation needed] In 2011, Sheba topped the list of Israeli hospitals for revenue acquired through research, at NIS 42.4 million, but came second in 2012.[19]

Scientific research at Sheba includes a study of pregnancy after transplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue in a patient with ovarian failure after chemotherapy;[20] a study of alginate-based stem cell biomaterial injected into heart attack victims that may repair heart tissue;[21] and a study showing that heavy cell phone users are subject to a higher risks of benign and malignant tumors of the salivary gland.[22] The Israeli company Ventor Technologies developed a novel type of heart valve which can be implanted by catheterization rather than open-heart surgery at Sheba. This invention was sold to medical device maker Medtronic in 2009 for US$325 million, of which about 10% went to Sheba Medical Center.[23]

In October 2020, the hospital piloted a rapid coronavirus test that detects protein portions of the virus and yields results within two to 15 minutes.[24]

Foreign internships[edit]

In 2011, the hospital signed agreements with St. George's University in London and with the University of Nicosia (Cyprus) to train medical students for a fee of 25,000 euros per student and to award them MBBS degrees. Deans of several Israeli medical schools, including Yosef Mekori of the Sackler Faculty of Medicine at Tel Aviv University, and Rivka Carmi, president of the Ben-Gurion University, criticised the programme, claiming it would hurt the quality of medical education received by Israeli students and harm medical care in Israel.[25]

Medical tourism[edit]

In a 2018 report on medical tourism, the Israeli Finance Ministry reported that Sheba earned 129 million shekels from medical tourists in the previous year.[26]

Awards and recognition[edit]

Entrace to Sheba Medical Center.jpg

In 2020, Newsweek ranked Sheba Medical Center as the 9th-best hospital in the world.[27]In 2021, it was ranked as the 10th best hospital in the world, scoring the highest for an Israeli hospital.[28]

Notable staff[edit]

Sheba Rehabilitation Center, 2015

Notable patients[edit]

Controversy[edit]

On 12 June 2008 at 11 a.m., Sheba Medical Centre discharged Omar Abu Jariban, despite still needing medical attention and being in a confused state, and handed him over to the police. Two days later, he was found dead by the side of Route 443, barefoot, still wearing a hospital gown, a catheter and a diaper. Abu Jariban, a Palestinian from Gaza, had allegedly stolen a car and was seriously injured in an accident on 28 May 2008. He was treated at Sheba Medical Centre, but discharged in very poor condition to the police. They first took him to Rehovot police station, but then dumped him by the side of a highway, barefoot and without food or water. He died from dehydration. After his body was identified, the police and hospital staff blamed each other for his death. In 2012, two Israeli police officers involved were convicted of negligent homicide and were sentenced to two and a half years in prison. Damages were paid to the family of the victim in the name of the police and the hospital.[29]

In 2014, during the attack of the Israeli Army on the Gaza Strip (2014 Israel–Gaza conflict), a Palestinian nurse of the clinic posted on Facebook that “the Israel Defense Forces are war criminals, only killing innocent people, and the state is claiming [it is done] ‘by mistake and we are investigating the incident.’” Hospital director Zeev Rotstein suspended the nurse for two weeks, writing that the nurse’s statement constituted a “disciplinary offense”. In accordance with a labour court rule, the hospital revoked the suspension, while the nurse dropped the request for an injunction against the suspension and apologized in writing to the hospital management for the post on his Facebook page.[30]

In 2020, Mustafa Younis, an Israeli Arab, came to the clinic for a psychiatric examination. Inside the hospital, he threatened two people with a knife, but hurt nobody. Hospital security guards followed him and forcibly removed him from his car as he was about to leave. Younis stabbed one guard in the head, injuring him lightly. The guards disarmed and incapacitated him on the ground, then proceeded to shoot him five or six times and killed him. Only after several protests, the police opened an investigation into the killing.[31]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 10: Listed Hospitalization Beds by Institution and Department – General Hospitalization Institutions". מיטות אשפוז ועמדות ברישוי [Hospitalization Beds and Licensing Counters] (PDF) (Report) (in Hebrew). Israel Ministry of Health. January 2020. p. 24. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  2. ^ Ayala Hurwicz (May 7, 2007). "Sheba – Largest Hospital in Israel" (in Hebrew). Retrieved September 14, 2007.,
  3. ^ "The 10 Best Hospitals in the World". Newsweek. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  4. ^ Newsweek ranks Sheba Medical Center Among World's Ten Best Hospitals
  5. ^ Sheba History
  6. ^ Sheba Medical Center: Prof. Mordechai Shani Awarded the Israel Prize
  7. ^ "Facts & Figures". Sheba Medical Center. Retrieved November 9, 2020.
  8. ^ "Supporting Sheba". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  9. ^ "The Rehabilitation Hospital". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  10. ^ "The Edmond and Lily Safra Children's Hospital". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  11. ^ "Israel Center for Medical Simulation". Msr.org.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  12. ^ "The Sheba Cancer Research Center". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  13. ^ "Lev Leviev Heart Center". Heart.sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  14. ^ a b "Sheba International". sheba.co.il. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  15. ^ Visitor Information
  16. ^ Dr. Yitshak Kreiss: Reinventing Israel's bigegst hospital
  17. ^ Even underground, the healing and caring continue, Times of Israel
  18. ^ Abu Dhabi’s Department of Health to collaborate with Sheba Medical Center
  19. ^ Linder-Gantz, Roni (February 11, 2013). "Record Income For Hospitals for Clinical Research: NIS 370 Million". TheMarker (in Hebrew). Retrieved February 12, 2013.
  20. ^ "Pregnancy after Transplantation of Cryopreserved Ovarian Tissue in a Patient with Ovarian Failure after Chemotherapy". New England Journal of Medicine. 353: 318–321. doi:10.1056/NEJMc055237. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  21. ^ Graber, Cynthia. "Can Seaweed Mend a Broken Heart". Sciam.com. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  22. ^ "Heavy Cell Phone Use Linked To Cancer, Study Suggests". Sciencedaily.com. February 15, 2008. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  23. ^ "Medtronic acquires heart valve startup Ventor Technologies for $325 million". Israelhealthcare.wordpress.com. February 24, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2011.
  24. ^ Two minutes to positive? Sheba trialing new antigen coronavirus test, Jerusalem Post
  25. ^ Dan Even: Med Schools Rail as Sheba Plans to Prefer Foreign Interns Haaretz, 15 March 2011.
  26. ^ Ronny Linder: Medical Tourists Get Priority at Israelis’ Expense, Says Report Haaretz, 10 April 2018.
  27. ^ "The 10 Best Hospitals in the World". Newsweek. 3 March 2020. Retrieved 3 June 2020.
  28. ^ Newsweek ranks Sheba Medical Center Among World's Ten Best Hospitals
  29. ^ Chaim Levinson: How Israeli Negligence Led to the Death of a Palestinian Car Thief Haaretz, 20 February 2012; David Grossman: למה מי מת? Haaretz, 24 February 2012; Israeli police convicted over Palestinian death BBC, 28 May 2012; Family of Palestinian who was left for dead wins damages Yediot Ahronot, 9 June 2012; Oz Rosenberg: Israel Court Sends Police Officers to Prison for Leaving Palestinian to Die by Side of Road Haaretz, 9 July 2012; Chaim Levinson: State Settles With Family of Palestinian Left to Die by Israel Police, Will Pay Damages Haaretz, 6 September 2012; Yonah Jeremy Bob: Court upholds conviction of police officers who left Palestinian to die Jerusalem Post, 25 February 2014; Rabbi Michael Lerner: The Devastating Impact of Israeli Insensitivity Tikkun Daily, 7 March 2012; Noam Leshem (2017): “Spaces of Abandonment: Genealogies, Lives and Critical Horizons”, in: Environment and Planning D : Society and Space 35.4, pp. 620–636, https://doi.org/10.1177/0263775816683189.
  30. ^ Revital Hovel: Arab Nurse Suspended From Sheba for Facebook Post to Be Reinstated Haaretz, 1 July 2014; Or Kashti, Eli Ashkenazi, Nir Hasson: Workplaces Discipline Israeli Arabs for Facebook Posts Against Gaza Incursion Haaretz, 23 July 2014; Ricky Ben-David, Marissa Newman, Haviv Rettig Gur: US slams ‘indefensible’ Israeli strike; PA could press war crimes charges; PM says tackling tunnels 1st step to demilitarized Gaza Times of Israel, 31 July 2014; David Brinn: Don’t let dissent be stifled Jerusalem Post, 31 July 2014.
  31. ^ Josh Breiner, Jack Khoury: Man Fatally Shot While Incapacitated Outside Israeli Hospital After Attempted Stabbing Haaretz, 14 May 2020; Tzvi Joffre: Man killed at Sheba hospital after stabbing guard Jerusalem Post, 14 May 2020; Leon Sverdlov: Clashes erupt in Wadi Ara over Sheba stabber's death Jerusalem Post, 15 May 2020; Jack Khoury: Ten People Arrested at Protest Over Death of Arab Man After Attempted Stabbing Haaretz, 14 May 2020; Jack Khoury: Dozens Protest Fatal Shooting of Mentally Ill Israeli Arab Who Stabbed Hospital Guard Haaretz, 18 May 2020; Sondos Saleh: Mustafa Went to Tel Aviv for Hospital Tests. He Was Shot Dead Haaretz, 18 May 2020; Guards who shot Sheba stabber to be interrogated under caution Jerusalem Post, 10 June 2020; Josh Breiner, Jack Khoury: Police Investigate Hospital Guards Who Killed Mentally Ill Israeli Arab Haaretz, 10 June 2020.

External links[edit]