Shediac

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Shediac
Town
Entrance to the town
Entrance to the town
Official seal of Shediac
Seal
Coat of arms of Shediac
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Lobster Capital of the World
Motto(s): 
"In Unum Ad Summum"  (Latin)
"Together Toward The Heights
Shediac is located in New Brunswick
Shediac
Shediac
Coordinates: 46°13′10″N 64°32′39″W / 46.2195°N 64.54403°W / 46.2195; -64.54403
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
CountyWestmorland County
ParishShédiac Parish
Founded18th century
Incorporated1903
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • MayorJacques LeBlanc
 • Governing BodyShediac Town Council
Area
 • Total53.95 km2 (20.83 sq mi)
Elevation
Sea level to 33 m (0 to 108.3 ft)
Population
 • Total6,664
 • Density123.5/km2 (320/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (Atlantic (AST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
E4P
Area code(s)506
Telephone Exchange312 351 530 531 532 533
NTS Map021I02
GNBC CodeDACUC
Highways
Route 11
Route 15

Route 132
Route 133
Route 140
Websitehttp://www.shediac.org

Shediac is a Canadian town in Westmorland County, New Brunswick. The town is known as the "Lobster Capital of the World" and hosts an annual festival every July which promotes its ties to lobster fishing. At the western entrance to the town is a 90-tonne sculpture called (perhaps inaccurately) The World's Largest Lobster.[1]

Geography[edit]

Shediac is situated primarily on Route 133 around Shediac Bay, a sub-basin of the Northumberland Strait.

Lobster sculpture

The town is located southwest and adjacent to the community of Pointe-du-Chêne which features Parlee Beach Provincial Park as well as the Pointe-du-Chêne wharf which was once the eastern terminus of the European and North American Railway as well as a stopover after 1939 for Pan-Am's trans-Atlantic "clipper" air service that featured large seaplanes. Imperial Airways flying boat service to Foynes, Ireland also used the facilities.

History[edit]

Hundreds of years ago, the Mi'kmaq encampment of "Es-ed-ei-ik" was one of the major camps in southeast New Brunswick. The Mi'kmaq word "Es-ed-ei-ik" which means "running far in" (in reference to the tide, which has a long range over the shallow, sandy beaches) eventually transformed into Gédaique.[2]

Acadians first arrived at Shediac in 1751 as a result of the Acadian Exodus from peninsular Nova Scotia. [3] During the French and Indian War, French officer Charles Deschamps de Boishebert made his headquarters at both Shediac and Cocagne, New Brunswick. In the autumn of 1755, Boishebert established himself on the south shore of Cocagne Bay, a place known as Boishebert's Camp. The following year, Boishebert moved to Miramichi, New Brunswick, specifically to Beaubears Island.[4] After the war, Acadians returned to the region in 1767.

Today many Francophone residents use the spelling Shédiac; however, the town's name upon its incorporation did not feature an accented "e", and correspondingly the official geographic name for the community is Shediac.

Shediac Bay Yacht Club[edit]

Shediac Bay Yacht Club is on the Register of 'Canada's Historic Places' for being the location of a local wharf for nearly a century. The previous Shediac Bay Yacht Club House was designed by Roméo Savoie. [5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
19011,075—    
19111,442+34.1%
19211,973+36.8%
19311,883−4.6%
19412,147+14.0%
19512,010−6.4%
19612,159+7.4%
19814,289+98.7%
19864,370+1.9%
19914,343−0.6%
19964,664+7.4%
20014,892+4.9%
20065,497+12.4%
20116,053+10.1%
20166,664+10.1%

Notable people[edit]

Shediac Harbour Range Rear Lighthouse
Shediac.JPG
Shediac is located in New Brunswick
Shediac
New Brunswick
LocationShediac
New Brunswick
Canada
Coordinates46°14′26.12″N 64°31′50.05″W / 46.2405889°N 64.5305694°W / 46.2405889; -64.5305694
Year first constructed1914 (first)
Year first litn/a (current)
Foundationconcrete base
Constructionwooden building
Tower shape2-storey square prism building surmounted by a square frustum with balcony and octagonal prism lantern
Markings / patternwhite building, red lantern roof and range line
Tower height14 metres (46 ft)[6]
Focal height12 metres (39 ft)[6]
Light sourcemain power
Range22 nautical miles (41 km; 25 mi)[6]
CharacteristicIso Y 4s.
Admiralty numberH1332.1
CHS numberCCG 1111
NGA number7748
ARLHS numberCAN-940[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BigThings.ca: Town of Shediac, New Brunswick". Big Things: The Monuments of Canada. Retrieved 12 November 2014.
  2. ^ Rand, Silas Tertius (1875-01-01). A First Reading Book in the Micmac Language: Comprising the Micmac Numerals, and the Names of the Different Kinds of Beasts, Birds, Fishes, Trees, &c. of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Also, Some of the Indian Names of Places, and Many Familiar Words and Phrases, Translated Literally Into English. Nova Scotia Printing Company.
  3. ^ Webster, p. 3
  4. ^ Webster, p. 5
  5. ^ http://www.historicplaces.ca/en/rep-reg/place-lieu.aspx?id=9970&pid=0 Shediac Bay Marina 'Canada's Historic Places'
  6. ^ a b c List of Lights, Pub. 110: Greenland, The East Coasts of North and South America (Excluding Continental U.S.A. Except the East Coast of Florida) and the West Indies (PDF). List of Lights. United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. 2016.
  7. ^ "Northern New Brunswick". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2 April 2017.

Further reading[edit]

Bordering communities[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°13′N 64°32′W / 46.217°N 64.533°W / 46.217; -64.533 (Shediac)