7 December 1932|
|Died||4 May 2010
Johannesburg, South Africa
|Cause of death||Cancer|
|Residence||Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Known for||Human Rights Campaigner|
|Home town||Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Spouse(s)||Neil Duncan (d.2003)|
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Sheena Duncan (7 December 1932 – 4 May 2010) was a South African anti-Apartheid activist and counselor. Duncan was the daughter of Jean Sinclair, one of the co-founders of the Black Sash, a group of white, middle-class South African women who offered support to black South Africans and advocated the non-violent abolishment of the Apartheid system. Duncan served two terms as the leader of Black Sash.
Sheena was born in Johannesburg, South Africa in 1932 of parents Robert and Jean Sinclair. Her father an accountant, was born in Scotland and came to South Africa after the First World War and was influenced by his views of the oppression of land clearance in Highlands of Scotland.:76 Her mother Jean was involved in local politics in the United Party, Progressive Party and as city councilor.:314 She was the eldest of five children, one sister and three brothers, and attended the Roedean School in Johannesburg where the principal, Ella la Maitre's religious and liberal views would influence Duncan's life.:76:313 During her youth she spent some time in Southern Rhodesia before leaving for Scotland where she was educated at the Edinburgh College of Domestic Science, qualifying in 1953.:313 On her return to South Africa she married architect Neil Duncan in 1955 and the settled in Southern Rhodesia where she worked as a teacher of domestic science. They stayed there for eight years before returning to South Africa in 1963 and joining the Black Sash and would be the chairman of the Transvaal region.:99 On the retirement of her mother in 1975, Duncan became president of the Black Sash from 1975 until 1978 then serving as vice president before being elected again in 1982 until 1986. She would spend her time at the organization editing the Black Sash magazine and managing the Johannesburg branch of the Sash's advice office. She was also the Sash's National Coordinator of the Advice Offices and a member of the Sash's national executive and a founding member of the Black Sash Trust.:77
In addition to her Black Sash work, her work as a Human Rights campaigner include her as a member of the National Coordinating Committee for the Return of Exiles, the Independent Board of Inquiry into Informal Repression, a Patron of the Society for the Abolition of the Death Penalty and worked with the End Conscription Campaign.:77
Her religious work included issues concerning justice and peace within the Anglican church and non-violent direct action and would become one of two female canons, prior to women being ordained as priests in South Africa, as Canon of the Cathedral Church of St Mary the Virgin in Johannesburg.:77 She would become the Vice-president of the South African Council of Churches in 1987 until 1990 and then as Senior Vice-President of the same group from 1990 until 1993.:77
Duncan wrote several articles, booklets and pamphlets, especially on issues such as forced removals and pass laws. In the 1970s, she joined the Anglican Church's Challenge Group, a movement that sought to end racism within the church. She also represented the Anglican Church on the South African Council of Churches' (SACC) Justice and Reconciliation Division.
- Duncan, Sheena (1992). The Church's Role in Preparing for Free and Fair Elections. Diaconia.
- Duncan, Sheena (1968). The disruption of African family life. South African Institute of Race Relations.
- Duncan, Sheena (1993). The People, These Persons, Or Me. Centre for Applied Legal Studies, University of the Witwatersrand. ISBN 978-1-86838-056-5.
- Duncan, Sheena; Adler, Josie; Glover, Glenda (1991). Land and Affordable Safe Homes for All. Black Sash.
- Standing, Guy; Samson, Michael (2003). A Basic Income Grant for South Africa. Juta and Company Ltd. ISBN 978-1-919713-86-1.
For her activism, Duncan was the 1986 recipient of the Liberal International Prize For Freedom. She was also awarded the Order of Simon of Cyrene, by the Anglican Church of Southern Africa and made Grand Counsellor of the Order of the Baobab (in Silver). She received honorary doctorates from the University of Cape Town (1991), the University of the Witwatersrand (1990) and the University of KwaZulu-Natal.:77
- Hendrikz 2015.
- Dugger, Celia W. (2010-05-07). "Sheena Duncan, White Who Fought Apartheid, Dies at 77". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-31.
- Romero, Patricia (1998). Profiles in Diversity: Women in the New South Africa. MSU Press. ISBN 9780870139482.
- Villa-Vicencio, Charles (1996). The Spirit of Freedom: South African Leaders on Religion and Politics. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520916265.
- Russell, Diana E. H. (2003). Lives of Courage: Women for a New South Africa. iUniverse. ISBN 9780595291397.
- Herbstein, Denis (18 May 2010). "Sheena Duncan obituary". The Guardian. Retrieved 17 May 2015.
- Maclean, Barbara Hutmacher (2004). Strike a Woman, Strike a Rock: Fighting for Freedom in South Africa. Africa World Press. ISBN 9781592210763.
- "Liberal International". Liberal International. Archived from the original on 4 April 2015. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
- Anon (2009). "The Order of the Baobab in Bronze". The Presidency, Republic of South Africa. Archived from the original on 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
- Villa-Vicencio, Charles (8 September 1996). The Spirit of Freedom: South African Leaders on Religion and Politics. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-91626-5.
- Hutmacher MacLean, Barbara (2004). Strike a Woman, Strike a Rock: Fighting for Freedom in South Africa. Africa World Press. ISBN 978-1-59221-076-3.
- Hendrikz, Annemarie (May 2015). Sheena Duncan. Tiber Tree Press. ISBN 978-0-9946505-1-1.