Sheer Heart Attack

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sheer Heart Attack
Queen Sheer Heart Attack.png
Studio album by Queen
Released8 November 1974
RecordedJuly–September 1974
StudioAIR, Rockfield, Trident and Wessex Sound
Genre
Length39:09
Label
Producer
Queen chronology
Queen II
(1974)
Sheer Heart Attack
(1974)
A Night at the Opera
(1975)
Singles from Sheer Heart Attack
  1. "Killer Queen / Flick of the Wrist"
    Released: 21 October 1974
  2. "Now I'm Here"
    Released: 17 January 1975
  3. "Lily of the Valley"
    Released: April 1975 (Japan only)

Sheer Heart Attack is the third studio album by the British rock band Queen, released on 8 November 1974 by EMI Records in the United Kingdom and by Elektra Records in the United States. Digressing from the progressive themes featured on their first two albums, this album featured more conventional rock tracks and marked a step towards the "classic" Queen sound.[1] It was produced by the band and Roy Thomas Baker and launched Queen to mainstream popularity in the UK and throughout the world.

The album's first single "Killer Queen" reached number 2 in the British charts and provided them with their first top 20 hit in the U.S., peaking at number 12 on the Billboard singles chart. Sheer Heart Attack was the first Queen album to hit the U.S. top 20, peaking at number 12 in 1975. The album has been acknowledged for containing "a wealth of outstanding hard rock guitar tracks".[2] Retrospectively, it has been listed by multiple publications as one of the band's best works and has been deemed an essential glam rock album.

Background and recording[edit]

After completing their second album, the group embarked on their Queen II Tour as a support act for Mott the Hoople. They toured extensively throughout the UK, at which point the two groups decided to tour through the US, in what was Queen's first US tour. The two bands would remain on friendly terms for the rest of their career, with Ian Hunter performing "All the Young Dudes" at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert.[3] They played their first US show on April 4 at Denver, Colorado,[4] as a support which Freddie Mercury reportedly disliked, saying "“Being support is one of the most traumatic experiences of my life".[5] However, at the climax of the tour in Boston, Brian May was discovered to have hepatitis, possibly from a dirty needle he picked up.[4] The tour was subsequently cancelled and Queen flew back home, where May was hospitalised.[6] The group began writing new material until May was rushed back to hospital with an undiagnosed stomach ulcer. This left the remaining members with two weeks to write their next album, the majority of which was done in the studio.[4]

"Nobody knew we were going to be told we had two weeks to write Sheer Heart Attack. And we had to — it was only thing we could do. Brian was in hospital."

-Freddie Mercury[5]

Unlike their earlier albums, Sheer Heart Attack was recorded at four different studios; though they still worked at Trident Studios, they began moving to AIR, Rockfield and Wessex Sound Studios. They left spaces on their songs for May to record his guitar and vocal parts upon return.[7] Gary Langang, who was a tape operator on "Now I'm Here" and "Brighton Rock", recalled “When we finished work at Sarm, we’d meet them at a club called the Valbonne in Soho. That’s when they let their hair down.”[4] "Killer Queen" was written in a single night, which contrasts with the "ages" it took to write "The March of the Black Queen" as Mercury put it,[5] while John Deacon would write his very first song, "Misfire". "Brighton Rock" was written during the making of Queen II, "Stone Cold Crazy" had its genesis in Mercury's pre-Queen band Wreckage, and Mercury had written "Flick of the Wrist" during May's absence. Sheer Heart Attack was also the first album in which all four band members contributed songs; "Stone Cold Crazy" was the first song in which all four band members would receive a writing credit. When May returned to work, he remembered it as a strange experience, citing that “It was very weird, because I was able to see the group from the outside, and was pretty excited by what I saw”.[4] The album noticeably shifts away from the progressive rock themes of its predecessors, and has been categorised as hard rock[8][2] and glam rock[9][10], with Stephen Thomas Elerwine of Allmusic observing that although there are still references to the fantasy themes of their earlier works, particularly on "In the Lap of the Gods" and "Lily of the Valley", "the fantasy does not overwhelm as it did on the first two records".[1]

Songs[edit]

Side one[edit]

"Brighton Rock"[edit]

"Brighton Rock" was written by Brian May during the Queen II sessions, but was not recorded at that time as the group felt it would not fit with the rest of the album. [11] Lyrically, it tells the story of two young lovers named Jenny and Jimmy meeting in Brighton on a public holiday.[12] Mods travelling to Brighton on bank holidays was a popular narrative at the time, such as The Who's Quadrophenia.[13] Jenny cannot linger because she is afraid her mother will find out "how I spent my holiday", but afterwards "writes a letter every day"; Jimmy, eager on the day, is not so happy with her "nothing can my love erase": now he is the one afraid of discovery by "my lady".

The song includes an unaccompanied guitar solo interlude,[12] which makes extensive use of delay to build up guitar harmony and contrapuntal melodic lines. It grew out of May's experimentation with an Echoplex unit, as he had been attempting to recreate his guitar orchestrations during live performances of "Son and Daughter". He had made modifications to the original unit so that he could change the delay times, as he felt that it wasn't the length he needed, and ran each echo through a separate amplifier to avoid interference.[14]

The studio version only contains one "main" guitar and one "echoed" guitar for a short section, but live, May would usually split his guitar signal into "main" and two "echoed", with each going to a separate bank of amplifiers. The guitar solo on this song has been performed live at most concerts by Queen or May, either as part of this song, in a medley with another, or as a standalone piece. May also performed some of the solo at the closing ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics in London.[15]

It's considered one of May's finest solos, [12] with Guitar World ranking it 41 on their list of the 100 Greatest Guitar Solos of All Time.[14] The song was notably used in the 2017 film Baby Driver, being one of the favorite songs of the main character Baby and played during the film's final action scene.

"Killer Queen"[edit]

"Killer Queen" was written by Freddie Mercury and was the band's first international hit.[16][17] It is one of the few songs by him for which he wrote the lyrics first, which are about an upper-class prostitute. The band initially recorded tracks for the song without May, because he was recovering in hospital from a duodenal ulcer, leaving spaces for him to fill when he was able to. Mercury played a jangle piano as well as a grand piano. It was performed on Top of the Pops after charting as a single.

"Tenement Funster, Flick of the Wrist and Lily of the Valley medley"[edit]

Roger Taylor wrote "Tenement Funster" about youth and rebellion, and sang lead vocals. The song segues into Mercury's "Flick of the Wrist" (which was a double A side along with Killer Queen), and then into another Mercury song, "Lily of the Valley", making the three songs a medley.[18] This medley was covered by Dream Theater on the bonus disc of their album Black Clouds & Silver Linings.[18]

"Now I'm Here"[edit]

"Now I'm Here" was written by May while hospitalised, and recalls the group's early tour supporting Mott the Hoople, it was recorded during the last week of the sessions, with him playing piano.[19]

Side two[edit]

"In the Lap of the Gods"[edit]

"In the Lap of the Gods" was written by Mercury and featured multiple vocal overdubs from himself and Taylor. The song features one of the highest notes on the album. It is most notable for the falsetto screams from Taylor. It is completely unrelated to In the Lap of the Gods... Revisited.

"Stone Cold Crazy"[edit]

"Stone Cold Crazy" was one of the earliest tracks that Queen performed live, and had several different arrangements before being recorded for Sheer Heart Attack. No band member was able to remember who had written the lyrics when the album was released, hence they shared writing credit, the first of their songs to do so. The lyrics themselves deal with gangsters, making a reference to Al Capone. The track has a fast tempo and heavy distortion, presaging speed metal.[20] Music magazine Q described "Stone Cold Crazy" as "thrash metal before the term was invented".[21] The song was played live at almost every Queen concert between 1974–78.[22][23][24][25]

Metallica covered the song as their contribution to the 1990 compilation album Rubáiyát: Elektra's 40th Anniversary. This cover version was later used as a B-side of their "Enter Sandman" single and subsequently won a Grammy Award; it also appeared on their covers/b-sides album Garage Inc. The Metallica version of the song is more aggressive than the original; they also slightly altered the lyrics, adding two uses of the word "fuck" and changing the more humorous lines for more violent lyrics, such as "walking down the street/shooting people that I meet/with my fully loaded tommy gun". James Hetfield once performed it together with Queen & Tony Iommi of Black Sabbath fame (singing Metallica's altered lyrics) at The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert. Metallica also played the song as an encore during their 1991–93 Black Album tour; it appears on the live CD Live Shit: Binge & Purge and the 2009 live DVD Français Pour une Nuit. Hellyeah played Metallica's version of "Stone Cold Crazy" on the 2007 Family Values Tour, sometimes referring to it under the title "Stone Cold Wasted".

"Dear Friends"[edit]

"Dear Friends" was written by May and sung by Mercury. Def Leppard covered this song (sung by bassist Rick Savage) for a Wal Mart bonus EP for their cover album, Yeah!.[26]

"Misfire"[edit]

"Misfire" was John Deacon's first individual composition for the band, and featured him playing most guitars.

"Bring Back That Leroy Brown"[edit]

"Bring Back That Leroy Brown" was written by Mercury and features him playing grand piano and jangle piano, as well as multiple vocal overdubs. May played a short section on ukulele-banjo and Deacon played a line on the double bass. DRUM! Magazine commends Taylor's drum work, calling it a good example of his versatility. "It really shows off Taylor’s versatility. He nails dozens of kicks throughout this fast and tricky song and proves that he could’ve been a big band drummer or ably fit into any theatrical pit band if Queen hadn’t worked out so well for him. Honky-tonk piano, upright bass, ukulele-banjo, and a smokin’ drummer all add up to a rollicking good time."[27] The song's title alludes to the then-recent hit "Bad Bad Leroy Brown" by American singer-songwriter Jim Croce who had died in a plane crash the previous year. The song was played live in an arrangement that shortened the song and was, except for the very end and one other line, purely instrumental. May's ukulele-banjo was brought onstage especially for this song. An a cappella version was released as part of the 2011 remaster of the album.

"She Makes Me (Stormtrooper in Stilettos)"[edit]

"She Makes Me (Stormtrooper in Stilettos)" was written and sung by May with him and Deacon playing acoustic guitars. Its finale features what May referred to as "New York nightmare sounds", which include NYC police vehicle sirens and deep-breathing sounds which accompany the closing bars.

"In the Lap of the Gods... Revisited"[edit]

"In the Lap of the Gods ... Revisited" was Mercury's first attempt to write a song that the audience would sing along to, similar to the more successful "We Are the Champions". It was one of the set closers from 1974 to 1977. In the 1986 Magic tour it was performed again in a medley which would segue into "Seven Seas of Rhye", and was performed most recently on their tours with vocalist Adam Lambert.

Reception and legacy[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[1]
Chicago Tribune2.5/4 stars[28]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music4/5 stars[29]
Pitchfork Media9/10[30]
PopMatters8/10[31]
Q4/5 stars[32]
Record Collector4/5 stars[32]
Rolling Stone3/5 stars[33]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide3/5 stars[34]
Uncut4/5 stars[32]

NME wrote, "A feast. No duffers, and four songs that will just run and run: Killer Queen, Flick of the Wrist, Now I'm Here, and In the Lap of the Gods...revisited".[35] The Winnipeg Free Press commended "Brian May's multi-tracked guitar, Freddie Mercury's stunning vocalising and Roy Thomas Baker's dynamic production work", calling the album "a no-holds barred, full-scale attack on the senses".[36] Circus referred to the album as "perhaps the heaviest, rockingest assault on these shores we've enjoyed in some time".[37] Rolling Stone wrote, "If it's hard to love, it's hard not to admire: This band is skilled, after all, and it dares".[33] John Mendelsohn was unimpressed, writing, "I hunted all over both sides of this latest album for something, anything, even remotely as magnificent as "Keep Yourself Alive" or "Father to Son", only to end up empty-eared and bawling".[38] As 1974 drew to a close, the album was ranked by Disc as the third best of the year[39] and placed a joint No. 24 of the 60 albums to appear in NME's end-of-year list.[40]

AllMusic later said "the theatricality is now wielded on everyday affairs, which ironically makes them sound larger than life. And this sense of scale, combined with the heavy guitars, pop hooks, and theatrical style, marks the true unveiling of Queen, making Sheer Heart Attack as the moment where they truly came into their own".[1] Q called the record "indispensable" and "one of the great pop/rock admixtures of the '70s".[32] Pitchfork wrote, "Sheer Heart Attack not only improves on every aspect of their sound suggested by the first two records, but delivers some of the finest music of their career... This is the band at the height of its powers."[30] The BBC wrote, "they stretched contemporary production methods to their very limit with multi-layered vocals and guitars and Freddie's vaudevillian streak finally emerged... this was the album that finally saw Queen find their true voice".[41] Rock historian Paul Fowles wrote in A Concise History of Rock Music that Sheer Heart Attack "saw the band become increasingly focused on the emerging cult figure of Mercury" and his "unique brand of rock theater", especially on the single "Killer Queen".[42].

Accolades[edit]

Publication Country Accolade Year Rank
1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die United States 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die[43] 2005 *
Classic Rock United Kingdom The 100 Greatest British Rock Albums Ever[44] 2006 28
The 200 Greatest Albums of the 70's (20 greatest of 1974)[45] 2006 *
Kerrang! United Kingdom Poll: The 100 Best British Rock Albums Ever[46] 2005 8
The 100 Greatest Rock Albums Ever[47] 2007 45
Mojo United Kingdom 100 Greatest Guitar Albums[48] 2002 72
70 of the Greatest Albums of the 70's[49] 2006 *
The 100 Records That Changed the World[50] 2007 88
NME United Kingdom Poll: Greatest 100 Albums of All Time[51] 2006 63
Radio Caroline United Kingdom Poll: Top 100 Albums[52] 1977 50
Trouser Press United States Best Albums of the 1970s[53] 1980 *
Virgin United Kingdom Poll: All Time Album Top 1000 Albums[54] 2000 492
Rock Hard Germany The 500 Greatest Rock & Metal Albums of All Time[55] 2005 308
* denotes an unranked list

Mercury's appraisal[edit]

2011 reissue[edit]

On 8 November 2010, record company Universal Music announced a remastered and expanded reissue of the album set for release in May 2011. This as part of a new record deal between Queen and Universal Music, which meant Queen's association with EMI Records would come to an end after almost 40 years. All of Queen's studio catalog were reissued in 2011.

Tour[edit]

From 30 October 1974 to 1 May 1975 the album was promoted on tour. The tour consisted of three legs and 77 individual shows, and was the band's first world tour.

The supporting bands consisted of Styx, Kansas, Hustler and Mahogany Rush.

Track listing[edit]

All lead vocals by Freddie Mercury unless noted.

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
1."Brighton Rock"Brian MayMercury with Brian May5:08
2."Killer Queen"Freddie Mercury 3:01
3."Tenement Funster"Roger TaylorRoger Taylor2:48
4."Flick of the Wrist"Mercury 3:19
5."Lily of the Valley"Mercury 1:43
6."Now I'm Here"May 4:10
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Lead vocalsLength
7."In the Lap of the Gods"Mercury 3:20
8."Stone Cold Crazy"
 2:12
9."Dear Friends"May 1:07
10."Misfire"Deacon 1:50
11."Bring Back That Leroy Brown"Mercury 2:13
12."She Makes Me (Stormtrooper in Stilettoes)"MayMay4:08
13."In the Lap of the Gods... Revisited"Mercury 3:42

Personnel[edit]

The album cover includes the disclaimer; "No synthesizers."

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
Poland (ZPAV)[69]
2008 Agora SA album reissue
Platinum 20,000*
United Kingdom (BPI)[70] Platinum 300,000^
United States (RIAA)[71] Gold 500,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d AllMusic review
  2. ^ a b Pete Prown; HP Newquist (1997). Legends of Rock Guitar: The Essential Reference of Rock's Greatest Guitarists. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 106. ISBN 978-0-7935-4042-6.
  3. ^ 1992 The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert Ultimate Queen. Retrieved 25 August 2018
  4. ^ a b c d e Queen: The Making of Sheer Heart Attack Loudersound. Everley, Dave. 8 November 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2018
  5. ^ a b c Freddie Mercury: Queen Bee Melody Maker. Retrieved 25 August 2018
  6. ^ Sheer Heart Attack & Killer Queen - Days Of Our Lives Documentary Retrieved 25 August 2018. -via YouTube
  7. ^ [1] uDiscoverMusic. Max Bell. July 12 2017. Retrieved 25 August 2018
  8. ^ "Queen – The First Five Albums". Uncut. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  9. ^ Joe Bennett (March 2005). Complete Guitar Player. William S. Konecky Associates, Incorporated. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-56852-513-6.
  10. ^ "10 Essential Glam Rock Albums". Treblezine. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  11. ^ "The Black, White and Grey of Queen II". QueenOnline.com. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  12. ^ a b c Brighton Rock Allmusic. Retrieved 1 September 2011
  13. ^ "Brighton Rock". The Mod Generation. Retrieved 29 November 2015.
  14. ^ a b "100 Greatest Guitar Solos: No. 41 "Brighton Rock" (Brian May)". Guitar World. Retrieved 6 May 2018.
  15. ^ "Olympics closing ceremony – playlist". The Telegraph. Retrieved 6 September 2012
  16. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2006). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. Billboard Books
  17. ^ Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums. London: Guinness World Records Limited
  18. ^ a b Black Clouds & Silver Linings (Special Edition) Allmusic. Retrieved 1 September 2011
  19. ^ Now I'm Here Allmusic. Retrieved 1 September 2011
  20. ^ Jones, Chris (7 June 2007). "Queen: Sheer Heart Attack Review". BBC. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  21. ^ Queen News: February 2011 BrianMay.com. Retrieved 2 July 2011
  22. ^ Queen live on tour: Sheer Heart Attack: Setlist Queen Concerts. Retrieved 2 July 2011
  23. ^ Queen live on tour: A Night At The Opera: Setlist Queen Concerts. Retrieved 2 July 2011
  24. ^ Queen live on tour: Day At The Races (world): Setlist Queen Concerts. Retrieved 2 July 2011
  25. ^ Queen live on tour: News Of The World: Setlist Queen Concerts. Retrieved 2 July 2011
  26. ^ http://www.deflepparduk.com/songd2.html Retrieved 13 December 2016
  27. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 September 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  28. ^ Kot, Greg (19 April 1992). "An 18-record, 80 Million-copy Odyssey". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  29. ^ Larkin, Colin (2011). Encyclopedia of Popular Music (5th ed.). Omnibus Press. p. 2248. ISBN 0-85712-595-8.
  30. ^ a b Leone, Dominique. Queen reviews. Pitchfork. 24 March 2011. Retrieved 14 December 2011.
  31. ^ Ramirez, AJ (8 June 2011). "In the Lap of the Gods: The First Five Queen Albums". PopMatters. Archived from the original on 26 November 2013. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  32. ^ a b c d "Queen – Sheer Heart Attack CD Album". CD Universe. Retrieved 19 April 2016.
  33. ^ a b Bud Scoppa (8 May 1975). "Queen Sheer Heart Attack Album Review". Rolling Stone.
  34. ^ DeCurtis, Anthony; Henke, James; George-Warren, Holly, eds. (1992). The Rolling Stone Album Guide (3rd ed.). Random House. p. 570. ISBN 0-679-73729-4.
  35. ^ Quoted in Jacky Gunn, Jim Jenkins. Queen. As It Began. London: Sidgwick & Jackson, 1992, p. 84. ISBN 0-283-06052-2
  36. ^ Winnipeg Free Press, 5 July 1975 (Queen Archives)
  37. ^ "Queen Interviews – Queen – 03-XX-1975 – Sheer Heart Attack – Circus – Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews".
  38. ^ "Queen Interviews – Queen – 03-XX-1975 – Sheer Heart Attack – Phonograph Record – Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews".
  39. ^ Disc, end-of-year list, December 1974
  40. ^ "Rocklist.net...NME End Of Year Lists 1974."
  41. ^ "BBC – Music – Review of Queen – Sheer Heart Attack".
  42. ^ Fowles, Paul (2009). A Concise History of Rock Music. Mel Bay Publications, Inc. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-7866-6643-0.
  43. ^ "Rocklist.net...Steve Parker...1001 Albums."
  44. ^ "Rocklist.net...Steve Parker...More Classic Rock Lists."
  45. ^ Classic Rock/Metal Hammer, "The 200 Greatest Albums of the 70s", March 2006
  46. ^ The 100 Best British Rock Albums Ever!. Kerrang!. 19 Feb 2005. Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk
  47. ^ "The 100 Greatest Rock Albums Ever", Kerrang, 8 November 2006
  48. ^ "100 Greatest Guitar Albums". Mojo, 2002. Archived at muzieklijstjes.nl
  49. ^ Mojo, MOJO Classic: The Who & The Story Of 70's Rock, July 2006
  50. ^ Mojo, "The 100 Records That Changed the World", June 2007
  51. ^ "Oasis album voted greatest of all time". The Times. 1 June 2006
  52. ^ Top 100 Albums. Radio Caroline. 1977. Archived at timepieces.nl
  53. ^ "Best Albums of the 1970s", Trouser Press, January 1980 (archived at stat.ualberta.ca)
  54. ^ All-Time Album Top 1000 Albums. Virgin. 2000. Archived at rocklistmusic.co.uk
  55. ^ [...], Rock Hard (Hrsg.). [Red.: Michael Rensen. Mitarb.: Götz Kühnemund] (2005). Best of Rock & Metal die 500 stärksten Scheiben aller Zeiten. Königswinter: Heel. p. 89. ISBN 3-89880-517-4.
  56. ^ "Queen Interviews – Freddie Mercury – 11-09-1974 – Melody Maker – Queen Archives: Freddie Mercury, Brian May, Roger Taylor, John Deacon, Interviews, Articles, Reviews".
  57. ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0-646-11917-6.
  58. ^ Library and Archives Canada. Archived 4 November 2014 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 1 April 2012
  59. ^ "dutchcharts.nl Queen – Sheer Heart Attack" (ASP). Hung Medien (in Dutch). MegaCharts. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  60. ^ "InfoDisc : Tous les Albums classés par Artiste Choisir Un Artiste Dans la Liste : Queen" (in French). infodisc.fr. Archived from the original on 18 August 2011. Retrieved 1 April 2012. Note: user must select 'QUEEN' from drop-down
  61. ^ "a-クイーン" [Yamachan Land (Japanese Chart Archives) – Albums Chart Daijiten – Queen]. Original Confidence (in Japanese). 30 December 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2012.[permanent dead link]
  62. ^ "norwegiancharts.com Queen – Sheer Heart Attack" (ASP). Hung Medien. VG-lista. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  63. ^ "Chart Stats – Queen – Sheer Heart Attack" (PHP). UK Albums Chart. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  64. ^ "allmusic ((( Sheer Heart Attack > Charts & Awards > Billboard Albums )))". allmusic.com. Retrieved 1 April 2012.
  65. ^ "RPM Top 100 Albums of 1975". RPM. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  66. ^ 1975年アルバム年間ヒットチャート [Japanese Year-End Albums Chart 1975] (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved 3 October 2011.
  67. ^ "Complete UK Year-End Album Charts". Archived from the original on 11 January 2012. Retrieved 3 March 2012.
  68. ^ "Top Pop Albums of 1975". billboard.biz. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  69. ^ "Polish album certifications – Queen – Sheer Heart Attack" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry.
  70. ^ "British album certifications – Queen – Sheer Heart Attack". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type Sheer Heart Attack in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  71. ^ "American album certifications – Queen – Sheer Heart Attack". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH. 

External links[edit]