Sheffield, Illinois

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Sheffield
Village
Village Hall at 239 South Main Street
Village Hall at 239 South Main Street
Location of Sheffield in Bureau County, Illinois.
Location of Sheffield in Bureau County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°21′21″N 89°44′12″W / 41.35583°N 89.73667°W / 41.35583; -89.73667Coordinates: 41°21′21″N 89°44′12″W / 41.35583°N 89.73667°W / 41.35583; -89.73667
Country United States
State Illinois
County Bureau
Townships Concord, Mineral
Area[1]
 • Total 0.71 sq mi (1.84 km2)
 • Land 0.71 sq mi (1.84 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 926
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 882
 • Density 1,240.51/sq mi (478.95/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Code(s) 61361
Area code(s) 815
FIPS code 17-69147
Wikimedia Commons Sheffield, Illinois

Sheffield is a village in Bureau County, Illinois, United States. The population was 926 at the 2010 census. It is part of the OttawaStreator Micropolitan Statistical Area. Sheffield was founded by Joseph E. Sheffield and Henry Farnam in 1852. Sheffield and Farnam constructed the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad, and the town site was intended as a coaling station for trains. According to Farnam, he and Sheffield flipped a coin to see for whom the town would be named.[3][4] A monument to Joseph E. Sheffield, and the Rock Island Railroad stands today in Sheffield's town square. The town is home to a leaking nuclear waste storage facility which closed in 1978.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, Sheffield has a total area of 0.71 square miles (1.84 km2), all land.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 706
1870 771 9.2%
1880 905 17.4%
1890 993 9.7%
1900 1,265 27.4%
1910 1,009 −20.2%
1920 996 −1.3%
1930 941 −5.5%
1940 948 0.7%
1950 995 5.0%
1960 1,078 8.3%
1970 1,038 −3.7%
1980 1,130 8.9%
1990 951 −15.8%
2000 946 −0.5%
2010 926 −2.1%
Est. 2016 882 [2] −4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 946 people, 385 households, and 269 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,263.5 people per square mile (487.0/km²). There were 418 housing units at an average density of 558.3 per square mile (215.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.31% White, 0.11% African American, 0.21% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.63% of the population.

There were 385 households out of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.7% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.1% were non-families. 26.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the village, the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 22.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.5 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $36,528, and the median income for a family was $42,273. Males had a median income of $32,150 versus $22,308 for females. The per capita income for the village was $17,723. About 8.3% of families and 10.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 6.5% of those age 65 or over.

Notable person[edit]

References[edit]