Sheffield (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Sheffield borough constituency in 1832
|County||West Riding of Yorkshire|
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||Sheffield Attercliffe, Sheffield Brightside, Sheffield Ecclesall, Sheffield Hallam, and Sheffield Central|
Sheffield was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom 1832 to 1885. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of elections.
The constituency encompassed the urban part of the town and parish (now city) of Sheffield, England, but not the western, rural, parts of Upper Hallam and Ecclesall Bierlow, which were incorporated into Sheffield Town Borough in 1843.
Before 1832 Sheffield had been represented by the Yorkshire constituency. The Sheffield Borough constituency was created by the Reform Act of 1832, and was given two MPs, the first time that the town had been represented in the House of Commons. Four candidates stood at the first election contesting these two seats. Voting took place on 13 and 14 December 1832, with the results declared on 15 December (see below). The election sparked a riot on 14 December, which resulted in the military being called out. The soldiers fired on the crowd, killing six people and injuring several others. Following the Redistribution of Seats Act in 1885, which sought to eliminate constituencies with more than one MP and give greater representation to urban areas, the Borough of Sheffield was sub-divided. The five new divisions—Attercliffe, Brightside, Ecclesall, Hallam, and Sheffield Central—each returned a single MP.
Members of Parliament
|Election||Member 1||Party||Member 2||Party|
|1832||John Parker||Whig||James Silk Buckingham||Radical|
|1837||Henry George Ward||Liberal|
|1849 by-election||John Arthur Roebuck||Non Partisan|
|1868||A. J. Mundella||Liberal|
|1874||John Arthur Roebuck||Independent Liberal|
|1879 by-election||Samuel Danks Waddy||Liberal|
The constituency was sub-divided in 1885. The sitting MPs, A. J. Mundella and Charles Stuart-Wortley subsequently stood for and won seats in one of the new constituencies (Sheffield Brightside and Sheffield Hallam respectively).
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||A. J. Mundella||Unopposed|
- Caused by Mundella's appointment as Vice-President of the Committee of the Council on Education.
|Liberal||A. J. Mundella||17,217||34.2||+1.0|
|Liberal||Samuel Danks Waddy||16,506||32.8||+3.3|
|Turnout||33,408 (est)||78.1 (est)||+15.3|
|Conservative gain from Independent Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1870s
|Liberal||Samuel Danks Waddy||14,062||50.9||−12.4|
|Liberal gain from Independent Liberal||Swing||N/A|
- Caused by Roebuck's death.
|Independent Liberal||John Arthur Roebuck||14,193||36.7||+13.8|
|Liberal||A. J. Mundella||12,858||33.2||+4.0|
|Turnout||19,363 (est)||52.8 (est)||−17.1|
|Independent Liberal gain from Liberal||Swing||+4.9|
- Allott withdrew from the race before polling day.
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||A. J. Mundella||12,212||29.2||+14.8|
|Independent Liberal||John Arthur Roebuck||9,571||22.9||−8.2|
|Conservative||Edwin Plumer Price||5,272||12.6||−11.4|
|Turnout||20,924 (est)||69.9 (est)||+5.9|
|Liberal gain from Independent Liberal||Swing||+9.5|
|Independent Liberal||John Arthur Roebuck||3,410||31.1||N/A|
|Liberal||Thomas Campbell Foster||1,576||14.4||N/A|
|Turnout||5,480 (est)||64.0 (est)|
|Independent Liberal hold||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1850s
|Non Partisan||John Arthur Roebuck||3,200|
|Non Partisan||John Arthur Roebuck||2,092|
Elections in the 1840s
|Liberal||Henry George Ward||1,110|
|Liberal||Henry George Ward||1,805|
Elections in the 1830s
|Liberal||Henry George Ward||1,976|
|Radical||James Silk Buckingham||1,554|
|Radical||James Silk Buckingham||1,498||29.7||N/A|
|Radical||Thomas Asline Ward||1,210||24.0||N/A|
- The Poll Book; containing a correct list of the electors who polled; distinguishing the candidates for whom they voted; also the names of the registered voters who did not poll in the first election of members for the Borough of Sheffield, December 13 and 14, 1832. Sheffield: Whitaker & Co. 1833. pp. 36–37.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989). British electoral facts, 1832-1987. Dartmouth. ISBN 0-900178-30-2.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 273–274. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "Letter from London". Cheltenham Chronicle. 10 February 1874. p. 5. Retrieved 19 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Allott's Nomination". Sheffield Daily Telegraph. 3 February 1874. p. 8. Retrieved 19 January 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "The Sheffield Election". Bradford Observer. 9 October 1868. p. 2. Retrieved 17 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))
- "Sheffield". Leeds Mercury. 13 July 1865. p. 4. Retrieved 17 March 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (. ))