Sheffield Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Sheffield Central
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Sheffield Central in South Yorkshire.
Outline map
Location of South Yorkshire within England.
County South Yorkshire
Electorate 69,975 (December 2010)
Current constituency
Created 1983
Member of parliament Paul Blomfield (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Sheffield Park, Sheffield Hillsborough, Sheffield Hallam and Sheffield Attercliffe[1]
18851950
Number of members One
Replaced by Sheffield Neepsend and Sheffield Hallam
Created from Sheffield
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency Yorkshire and the Humber

Sheffield Central is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Paul Blomfield, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

First creation

1885-1918: The Municipal Borough of Sheffield wards of St Peter's and St Philip's, and part of St George's ward.

1918-1950: The County Borough of Sheffield wards of St Peter's and St Philip's, and part of Broomhall ward.

1950-1983: See other seats.

Second creation (current)

1983-1997: The City of Sheffield wards of Burngreave, Castle, Manor, Netherthorpe, and Sharrow.

1997-2010: as above plus Nether Edge

2010-2015: The City of Sheffield wards of Broomhill, Central, Manor Castle, Nether Edge, and Walkley.

2015-present: The City of Sheffield wards of Broomhill & Sharrow Vale, City, Manor Castle, Nether Edge & Sharrow, and Walkley; and parts of the wards of Crookes & Crosspool, Ecclesall, Fulwood and Hillsborough.

Present boundaries

The seat covers central Sheffield and extends as far as Nether Edge and the Manor. It covers a similar area to the former Sheffield Park seat. It borders Sheffield Hallam, Sheffield Heeley, Sheffield Brightside and Hillsborough and Sheffield South East.

History[edit]

1885–1950[edit]

Created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 for the election that year, Sheffield Central was one of five divisions of the former Sheffield constituency. Sheffield Central was abolished in 1950 and the sitting MP, Harry Morris, stood and won in the new seat (now extinct) of Sheffield Neepsend.

1983–present[edit]

Revival

In varied form the constituency was brought back into existence for the 1983 general election.

MPs

Labour's Richard Caborn represented Sheffield Central from its recreation in 1983 until he retired in 2010 and was narrowly succeeded at the ballot box by another Labour MP, Paul Blomfield.

Winning margin

The 2015 result made the seat the 32nd-safest of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.[2]

Labour majorities since 1983 in Sheffield Central have been in the top quartile save for 2010 — the Liberal Democrat share of the vote came 0.4% short of winning the seat — a highly marginal result.

Opposition parties

The Green Party took second place in 2015, gaining a +12.1% swing (compared with +2.8% nationwide). This was the main target seat of the party in Yorkshire. Its 2012-2016 Leader Natalie Bennett, chose to settle locally on stepping down from the policy-steering role in 2016 and has chosen to contest Sheffield Central at the 2017 general election. Lib Dem candidates scored variable second places in 1997, 2001, 2005 and 2010 then took fourth place in 2015.

Turnout

Turnout has ranged from 62.5% in 1987 to 49.5% in 2001.

Constituency profile[edit]

The constituency consists of Census Output Areas of a local government districts with: a working population whose income is close to the national average and lower than average reliance upon social housing.[3] At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 4.0% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, see table.[4]

Sheffield's seats compared – worklessness[4]
Office for National Statistics November 2012 Jobseeker's Allowance claimant count
Sheffield, Brightside and Hillsborough 7.6%[n 3]
Sheffield Central 4.0%
Sheffield Hallam 1.5%
Sheffield Heeley 5.7%
Sheffield South East 4.4%

The district contributing to the bulk of the seat has a medium 33% of its population without a car.[n 4] A medium 24.3% of the City's population are without qualifications, a high 15.8% of the population with level 3 qualifications and a medium 25.7% with level 4 qualifications or above. In terms of tenure a relatively low 58.3% of homes are owned outright or on a mortgage by occupants as at the 2011 census across the district.[5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member[6] Party Subsequent roles
1885 Howard Vincent Conservative
1908 James Hope Conservative Lord Rankeillour
1929 Philip Hoffman Labour
1931 William Boulton Conservative
1945 Harry Morris Labour Lord Morris
1950 Constituency abolished
1983 Constituency created
1983 Richard Caborn Labour
2010 Paul Blomfield Labour

Elections[edit]

Election results for Sheffield Central, 1885–1950 and 1983–2005

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Sheffield Central[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Paul Blomfield 33,963 70.9 +15.9
Conservative Stephanie Roe 6,215 13.0 +1.8
Green Natalie Bennett 3,848 8.0 -7.8
Liberal Democrat Shaffaq Mohammed 2,465 5.1 -4.5
UKIP Dominic Cook 1,060 2.2 -5.2
Yorkshire Party Jack Carrington 197 0.4 N/A
Pirate Rob Moran 91 0.2 N/A
SDP Joe Westnidge 38 0.1 N/A
Majority 27,748 57.9 +15.7
Turnout 47,877 62.0 +4.6
Labour hold Swing +7.0
General Election 2015: Sheffield Central[8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Paul Blomfield 24,308 55.0 +13.7
Green Jillian Creasy 6,999 15.8 +12.1
Conservative Stephanie Roe 4,917 11.1 +1.0
Liberal Democrat Joe Otten 4,278 9.7 -31.2
UKIP Dominic Cook 3,296 7.5 +5.9
Communist Steve Andrew 119 0.3 +0.3
Pirate Andy Halsall 113 0.3 N/A
English Democrat Elizabeth Breed 68 0.2 +0.2
Above and Beyond Party Thom Brown 42 0.1 +0.1
Workers Revolutionary Michael Driver 33 0.1 +0.1
Majority 17,309 39.2 +38.8
Turnout 44,173 57.4 -2.2
Labour hold Swing +0.8
General Election 2010: Sheffield Central[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Paul Blomfield 17,138 41.3 -5.2
Liberal Democrat Paul Scriven 16,973 40.9 +9.5
Conservative Andrew Lee 4,206 10.1 +1.0
Green Jillian Creasy 1,556 3.8 -2.0
BNP Tracey Smith 903 2.2 +0.6
UKIP Jeffrey Shaw 652 1.6 -0.1
Independent Rod Rodgers 40 0.1 +0.1
Majority 165 0.4 -23.1
Turnout 41,468 59.6 +4.6
Labour hold Swing -7.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Sheffield Central[12][13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Caborn 14,950 49.9 -11.5
Liberal Democrat Ali Qadar 7,895 26.3 +6.6
Conservative Samantha George 3,094 10.3 -0.6
Green Bernard Little 1,808 6.0 +2.6
Respect Maxine Bowler 1,284 4.3 N/A
BNP Mark Payne 539 1.8 N/A
UKIP Charlotte Arnott 415 1.4 +0.5
Majority 7,055 23.5 −18.2
Turnout 29,985 50.1 +0.6
Labour hold Swing -9.1
General Election 2001: Sheffield Central[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Caborn 18,477 61.4 -2.2
Liberal Democrat Ali Qadar 5,933 19.7 +2.5
Conservative Noelle Brelsford 3,289 10.9 -1.0
Green Bernard Little 1,008 3.4 +0.7
Socialist Alliance Nick Riley 754 2.5 N/A
Socialist Labour David Hadfield 289 1.0 N/A
UKIP Elizabeth Schofield 257 0.9 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Robert Driver 62 0.2 -0.0
Majority 12,544 41.7 −4.7
Turnout 30,069 49.5 -3.6
Labour hold Swing -2.36

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Sheffield Central[16][17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Caborn 23,179 63.6 −5.1
Liberal Democrat Ali Qadar 6,273 17.2 +5.6
Conservative Martin Hess 4,341 11.9 −4.6
Green Andy D'Agorne 954 2.6 +0.3
Referendum Anthony Brownlow 863 2.4 N/A
Socialist Alternative Ken Douglas 466 1.3 N/A
ProLife Alliance Maureen Aitken 280 0.8 N/A
Workers Revolutionary Michael Driver 63 0.2 N/A
Majority 16,906 46.4 −5.8
Turnout 36,419 53.0 −3.1
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1992: Sheffield Central[19][17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Caborn 22,764 68.7 +1.0
Conservative Vernon Davies 5,470 16.5 −0.6
Liberal Democrat Andrew Sangar 3,856 11.6 −2.3
Green Graham Wroe 750 2.3 N/A
End Unemployment Vote Justice for Jobless Martin Clarke 212 0.6 N/A
Communist League Josephine O'Brien 92 0.3 N/A
Majority 17,294 52.2 +1.5
Turnout 33,144 56.1 −5.4
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Sheffield Central[20][18][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Caborn 25,872 67.7 +7.5
Conservative Brian Oxley 6,530 17.1 −2.1
Social Democratic Fiona Hornby 5,314 13.9 −5.5
Red Front C. T. Dingle 278 0.7 N/A
Communist Keith Petts 203 0.5 −0.2
Majority 19,342 50.7 +9.9
Turnout 38,197 62.5 +0.9
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Sheffield Central[22][18][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Richard Caborn 24,759 60.2 N/A
Social Democratic Patricia Major 7,969 19.4 N/A
Conservative Patricia Rawlings 7,908 19.2 N/A
Communist Vi Gill 296 0.7 N/A
Revolutionary Communist C. Barrett 222 0.5 N/A
Majority 16,790 40.8 N/A
Turnout 41154 61.6 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Sheffield Central[18][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Harry Morris 7,954 59.2 +10.0
Conservative George Vivian Hunt 5,481 40.8 −10.0
Majority 2,473 18.4 +16.8
Turnout 72.0 -2.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Sheffield Central[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Boulton 13,821 50.8 −11.2
Labour Philip Hoffman 13,408 49.2 +11.2
Majority 420 1.6 -22.4
Turnout 74.2 -6.0
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Sheffield Central[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative William Boulton 21,589 62.0
Labour Philip Hoffman 13,212 38.0
Majority 8,377 24.0
Turnout 80.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Sheffield Central [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Philip Hoffman 19,183 59.1 +8.5
Unionist John Ralph Patientins Warde-Aldam 13,284 40.9 -8.5
Majority 5,899 18.2 17.0
Turnout 74.1 -0.4
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +8.5
General Election 1924: Sheffield Central[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Hope 13,302 50.6
Labour Tom Snowden 12,995 49.4
Majority 307 1.2
Turnout 74.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1923: Sheffield Central[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist James Hope 9,727 45.7 n/a
Labour Tom Snowden 8,762 41.1 n/a
Liberal John Henry Freeborough 2,810 13.2 n/a
Majority 965 4.6 n/a
Turnout 61.3 n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

In the 1922 general election, James Fitzalan Hope was elected unopposed.[23]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Sheffield Central[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist James Hope 9,361 58.7 +7.3
National Amalgamated Union of Labour Alfred James Bailey 5,959 37.3 −11.3
British Socialist Party Robert George Murray 643 4.0 N/A
Majority 3,402 21.4 +18.6
Turnout 15,963 43.1 −34.4
Unionist hold Swing +9.3
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.
General Election December 1910: Sheffield Central[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Hope 3,455 51.4 −1.3
Lib-Lab Alfred James Bailey 3,271 48.6 +1.3
Majority 184 2.8 −2.6
Turnout 6,726 77.5 −6.2
Registered electors 8,684
Conservative hold Swing −1.3
General Election January 1910: Sheffield Central[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Hope 3,829 52.7 −3.5
Lib-Lab Alfred James Bailey 3,440 47.3 +3.5
Majority 389 5.4 −7.0
Turnout 7,269 83.7 +1.6
Registered electors 8,684
Conservative hold Swing −3.5

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

By-election, 1908: Sheffield Central[25][26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative James Hope Unopposed
Conservative hold
Howard Vincent
General Election 1906: Sheffield Central[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Howard Vincent 4,217 56.2 N/A
Liberal Stanley Udale 3,290 43.8 N/A
Majority 927 12.4 N/A
Turnout 7,507 82.1 N/A
Registered electors 9,142
Conservative hold Swing N/A
1900 general election: Sheffield Central[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Howard Vincent Unopposed
Conservative hold

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Sheffield Central[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Howard Vincent Unopposed
Conservative hold
Robert Cameron
General Election 1892: Sheffield Central[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Howard Vincent 4,474 55.3 −2.3
Liberal Robert Cameron 3,618 44.7 +2.3
Majority 856 10.6 −4.6
Turnout 8,092 83.2 +4.1
Registered electors 9,728
Conservative hold Swing −2.3

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Sheffield Central[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Howard Vincent 4,522 57.6 +1.5
Liberal Joshua Hawkins 3,326 42.4 +0.2
Majority 1,196 15.2 +1.3
Turnout 7,848 79.1 −4.1
Registered electors 9,923
Conservative hold Swing +0.7
Samuel Plimsoll
General Election 1885: Sheffield Central[24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Howard Vincent 4,633 56.1 N/A
Lib-Lab Samuel Plimsoll 3,484 42.2 N/A
Independent Liberal Mervyn Lanark Hawkes[27] 140 1.7 N/A
Majority 1,149 13.9 N/A
Turnout 8,257 83.2 N/A
Registered electors 9,923
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ This seat also saw the widest gender disparity with 10.5% of men were claimants, vs. 4.8% of women
  4. ^ This falls within the centrally coloured banding for metropolitan areas
References
  1. ^ "'Sheffield Central', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 14 March 2016. 
  2. ^ List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ a b Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  5. ^ 2011 census interactive maps Archived 2016-01-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 3)
  7. ^ "Sheffield Central". Sheffield City Council. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  8. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  9. ^ "Sheffield Central Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 
  10. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ "UK > England > Yorkshire & the Humber > Sheffield Central". Election 2010. BBC. 7 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010. 
  12. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  13. ^ BBC Election 2005
  14. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  15. ^ BBC Vote 2001
  16. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  17. ^ a b "Sheffield Central". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 2010-04-29. 
  18. ^ a b c d e Sheffield General Election Results 1945 - 2001[permanent dead link], Sheffield City Council
  19. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  21. ^ a b Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources
  22. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, F. W. S. Craig
  25. ^ a b c Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984. 
  26. ^ Whittaker's Almanack (1910), p.159
  27. ^ "Mr Mervyn Lanark Hawkes and the Sheffield Central Division". Sheffield Telegraph. 25 July 1885. p. 6. Retrieved 10 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).