Western Turkic Empire in present day Turkestan was founded as the result of the partition of the main empire after the death of Tardu in 603. It was also called On Ok ("Ten arrows") referring to ten powerful tribes in the empire. Five tribes (called Dulo) to the northeast and five tribes to the southwest (called Nushibi) formed the two rival factions, the border line being Ili River.
Sheguy who was Tardu's grandson and the local governor of Caş (present Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan) was expected to be enthroned after the death of Tardu. But the Dulu clan enthroned Taman (also called Heshana Khan) who was a generation younger than Sheguy. But Taman was a very inexperienced ruler and was a puppet of Dulo clan. Nushibi clan as well as Silk road merchants who suffered from the increasing anarchy supported Sheguy to throne in 611. When Taman partisans arrested a Chinese ambassador to Sheguy, Sheguy revolted and Taman had to flee to Sui China where he was killed.
Sheguy maintained order in his empire and provided security of the silk road. His term marks the beginning of Nushibi supremacy. In 618, he was succeeded by Tong during whose reign Western Turkic Empire reached to apogee.
|Khagan of the Western Turkic Khaganate
- L.N.Gumilev: Eski Türkler (tr: Ahsen Batur), İstanbul, 2002, Selenge Yayınları. ISBN 975-7856-39-8. OCLC 52822672, p.199-200.
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