Sheikh Maqsood

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Sheikh Maqsood

الشيخ مقصود
Neighborhood
Sheikh Maqsood in 2011
Sheikh Maqsood in 2011
Sheikh Maqsood is located in Aleppo
Sheikh Maqsood
Sheikh Maqsood
Sheikh Maqsood is located in Syria
Sheikh Maqsood
Sheikh Maqsood
Coordinates: 36°14′10″N 37°9′6″E / 36.23611°N 37.15167°E / 36.23611; 37.15167
Country Syria
CityAleppo
Population
(May 2016)
 • Total30,000[1]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

Sheikh Maqsood (Arabic: الشيخ مقصود‎, Kurdish: Şêxmeqsûd, شێخ مەقسوود‎), sometimes spelled al-Sheikh Maqsoud, Maqsud or Maksud, is a neighborhood in the city of Aleppo, Syria.[2][3] It is populated mainly by Kurds and is under control of the Kurdish People's Protection Units (YPG).

In the Syrian Civil War[edit]

During the Syrian Civil War, Kurdish YPG militias took control of the neighborhood.[4] Far away from the Kurdish inhabited enclaves, Sheikh Maqsood had been very vulnerable to assaults by the Al-Nusra Front and other Islamist rebel groups[5][6] which were besieging the district from all directions but the south and west until they were driven back by pro-government forces during June and November 2016.

Islamist rebel groups have multiple times shelled Sheikh Maqsood, causing destruction of property and injury and death of civilians.[7][8][9][10][11] In May 2016, Amnesty International's regional director suggested that the attacks on Sheikh Maqsood constitute "war crimes". Between February and April 2016 more than 83 civilians were killed by the attacks.[1] In mid-June 2016 Russia accused the rebel militias of causing the death of over 40 civilians in the month. A Syrian Democratic Forces spokesman accused rebels of causing 1,000 civilian deaths and injuries, through shelling of Sheikh Maqsood.[12]

A United Nations report from February 2017 came to the conclusion that, while during the siege of Eastern Aleppo the attacks against Sheikh Maqsoud decreased. Islamist rebel groups affiliated with Fatah Halab, after vowing to take revenge on the Kurds in Sheikh Maqsoud, intentionally attacked civilian inhabited neighborhoods of the Kurdish enclave -- killing and maiming dozens of civilians -- and that these acts constitute the war crime of directing attacks against a civilian population. [13] [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Syria: armed opposition group committing war crimes in Aleppo - new evidence". Amnesty International. 13 May 2016.
  2. ^ Aleppo - Governance, Caerus Associates on First Mile Geo
  3. ^ Mapping the conflict in Aleppo, Syria, Caerus Associates with support from the American Security Project, February 2014
  4. ^ Nisman, Daniel (8 April 2013). "Have Syria's Kurds Had a Change of Heart?". Huffington Post. Retrieved 10 November 2015. Reports indicate that YPG militiamen and Syrian rebels have agreed to share control of the strategic Sheikh Maqsood District of northern Aleppo
  5. ^ "Syria: nearly half rebel fighters are jihadists or hardline Islamists, says IHS Jane's report". The Telegraph. 15 September 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Guide to the Syrian rebels". BBC. 13 December 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  7. ^ "Syrian Islamist rebels renew chemical attack on Kurdish district in Aleppo". Ara News. 14 March 2016. Archived from the original on 16 May 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  8. ^ "Syrian rebels massacre Kurdish civilians in Aleppo". Ara News. 6 April 2016. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  9. ^ "Rebels strike Kurdish neighborhood in Aleppo with chemical gas". Al-Masdar News. 7 April 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  10. ^ "Aleppo district shelled with chemical gas – local journalist". RT. 7 April 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  11. ^ "About 65 casualties and injuries in shelling and launching explosive cylinders on Sheikh Maqsood neighborhood". SOHR. 16 April 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  12. ^ "Russia shows support to Kurdish-led SDF north Syria". ARA News. 14 June 2016. Archived from the original on 14 June 2016. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Report of the Independent International Commission of Inquiry on the Syrian Arab Republic" (PDF). United Nations. 2 February 2017. Retrieved 1 March 2017.
  14. ^ "UN says Syrian rebel shelling of Kurds 'a war crime'". ARA News. 2 March 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2017.