||This article contains content that is written like an advertisement. (March 2014)|
|Governor of Kerala|
11 March 2014 – 25 August 2014
|Preceded by||Nikhil Kumar|
|Succeeded by||P. Sathasivam |
|6th Chief Minister of Delhi|
3 December 1998 – 28 December 2013
|Preceded by||Sushma Swaraj|
|Succeeded by||Arvind Kejriwal|
|Member of Legislative Assembly
Gole Market (1998–2008)
03 December 1998 – 28 December 2013
|Preceded by||Kirti Azad|
|Succeeded by||Manjot Nayyar|
|Member of Parliament
|Preceded by||Chhotey Singh Yadav|
|Succeeded by||Chhotey Singh Yadav|
|Member of Indian delegation
United Nations Commission on the Status of Women
|Prime Minister||Indira Gandhi
31 March 1938 |
Kapurthala, Kapurthala State, Punjab Province, India
|Political party||Indian National Congress|
|Children||Sandeep Dikshit, Latika Dikshit Syed|
|Alma mater||Miranda House, University of Delhi|
|As of 13 August, 2012
Source: Government of Delhi
Sheila Dikshit (née Kapoor; Hindi: शीला दीक्षित; occasionally anglicised Dixit; born 31 March 1938) is an Indian politician who was Chief Minister of Delhi from 1998 to 2013. She is a member of the Indian National Congress. Dikshit led the Congress to three consecutive electoral victories in Delhi. In December 2013 elections to the Delhi Legislative Assembly, Dikshit was defeated in New Delhi constituency by Aam Aadmi Party leader Arvind Kejriwal, who briefly replaced her as Delhi's chief minister. Subsequently she was sworn in as Governor of Kerala on 11 March 2014. However, she resigned on 25 August 2014.
Sheila Dikshit was born on 31 March 1938 in Kapurthala, Punjab into a Punjabi Khatri family. She was educated at the Convent of Jesus and Mary School in New Delhi and graduated with a Master of Arts degree in history from the Miranda House at the University of Delhi.
Her husband, Vinod Dikshit was son of independence activist and former West Bengal Governor Uma Shankar Dikshit, who came from Ugu village of Unnao. He was an IAS officer by profession. He died due to a heart attack in a train journey with his wife and children.
During the period between 1984 and 1989, she represented Kannauj parliamentary constituency of Uttar Pradesh. As a member of Parliament, she served on the Estimates Committee of Lok Sabha. Dikshit also chaired the Implementation Committee for Commemoration of Forty Years of India's Independence and Jawaharlal Nehru centenary. She represented India at United Nations Commission on Status of Women for five years (1984–1989). She also served as a Union Minister during 1986–1989, first as the Minister of State for Parliamentary Affairs and later as a Minister of State in the Prime Minister's Office.
In the 1998 parliamentary elections, Dikshit was defeated by Bharatiya Janata Party's Lal Bihari Tiwari in East Delhi constituency. Later, Dikshit became Chief Minister of Delhi in 1998. She served for nearly 15 years as the Chief Minister of Delhi until 2013. Dikshit represented the Gole Market assembly constituency in the 1998 and 2003 Assembly elections and New Delhi constituency from 2008.
In November 2013, Delhi Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit has declared assets whose value has more than doubled during the past five years, reaching around Rs 2.7 crore. Dikshit's owns an apartment in Nizamuddin East worth around 98 lakh but does not own any vehicle. In her income tax return for 2012–2013, she has shown a total income of around 13 lakh. According to Dikshit's affidavit filed before 2008 assembly election, Dikshit had Rs 1.3 crore in moveable and immoveable properties. She had mentioned Rs 67 lakh in cash and deposits and a Rs 63 lakh worth flat in Nizamuddin East.
Her party was wiped out in the Delhi Legislative Assembly election, 2013 and Arvind Kejriwal founder of Aam Admi party won the election in the New Delhi Assembly constituency by a margin of 25,864 votes. She resigned on 8 December 2013, but remained the caretaker Chief Minister of Delhi till the new Government was sworn in on 28 December 2013.
She represented India on the U.N. Commission on Status of Women for five years (1984–1989). In Uttar Pradesh, she and her 82 colleagues were jailed in August 1990 for 23 days by the state government when she led a movement against the atrocities being committed on women. Earlier, in the early 1970s, she was chairperson of the Young Women's Association and was instrumental in the setting up two of most successful hostels for working women in Delhi. She is also the Secretary of the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust..
In 2009, the Delhi Lokayukta (anti-corruption ombudsman) investigated a complaint filed by advocate Sunita Bhardwaj, a BJP worker, saying that Dikshit misused Rs (rupees) 3.5 crore (35 Million rupees) received from the Central government under the Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission for Rajiv Ratan Awas Yojana to give out political advertisements. The Lokayukta later dropped the corruptions claims. The complainant then sought to book Dikshit under the Representation of People’s Act, claiming she had been "misrepresenting facts" about the flats her government had built for the urban poor. It was ruled by the Lokayukta that the government actions did not fall foul of the act but it will try to book her under the Section 2 (b) of the Act that stipulates adherence to norms of conduct and integrity expected of "public functionaries". The case is now[when?] nearing a verdict with the final arguments having begun.
Dikshit hit back at the Lokayukta, stating: "[Lokayukta] can't be the sole judge of what is unethical" and the anti-graft watchdog should "limit itself to core corruption issues".
In August 2013 the ombudsman court ordered an FIR to be filed against her and others for allegedly misusing government funds for an advertising campaign ahead of the 2008 assembly elections.
Dikshit was accused of corruption regarding the 2010 Commonwealth Games. The Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) report allegedly blamed her for irregularities in imported equipment for street lighting in the city during the games. Delhi chief secretary P. K. Tripathi stated that the Chief Minister played no part in awarding contracts for street lighting in Delhi during the Commonwealth Games.
Parole to Manu Sharma
On November 2009, Dikshit came under criticism for granting parole to convicted murderer Manu Sharma after media reports of him visiting night clubs in Delhi emerged. Sharma was jailed for murdering Jessica Lal and is serving a life sentence. Dikshit defended her decision to sign the parole papers, declaring nothing "illegal or unlawful" was done in extending the benefit to the prisoner. The Delhi high court noted that she had given preferential treatment to Sharma in granting parole while neglecting such pleas of "poor" people languishing in jail for years. Asked about the high court's criticism of the decision, Dikshit justified her position, saying "whatever files I receive, they come through proper channels." Dikshit pointed out Delhi Lt governor paving way for Sharma's parole.
Delhi rape case
Dikshit's remark in the Assembly said that only one gang rape in the city in December 2012 had prompted her government to launch the 181 helpline drew sharp criticism with the BJP saying it reflected her "insensitivity" towards women. In the midst of deep grief over the death of the gang rape victim at a Singapore hospital, controversial and derogatory statements by some politicians continue to spark outrage among the public.
Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's "theek hai" remark, which was made at the end of his address to the nation over the Delhi gang rape incident, drew intense criticism from the public. Dikshit repeated the blunder with her "It's okay" remark after her statement to reporters condoling the death of the young medical student.
It is said that her remarks regarding this case and her weak attitude led to her defeat in the elections in 2013, where she not only lost her chief ministership but also her MLA seat.
Dikshit was married to the late Vinod Dikshit from Unnao, UP, who was as an officer in the Indian Administrative Service. Sheila Dikshit has a son, Sandeep Dikshit, and a daughter, Latika Syed. Sandeep Dikshit, a representative of the Indian National Congress, was a Member of Parliament of the 15th Lok Sabha of India.
She was criticised for her lavish lifestyle. An official response to an RTI query said Dikshit's residence on 3 Motilal Nehru Marg, New Delhi which she has been using during her stint as chief minister, had at least 31 air conditioners, 15 desert coolers, 25 heaters, 16 air purifiers, 12 geysers among others. This was at a time when the people of the state was reeling under power shortages.
Awards and recognition
- 2008 Best Chief Minister of India, by Journalist Association of India
- 2009 Politician of the Year by NDTV
- 2010 Dara Shikoh award by Indo-Iran Society 
- 2013 Delhi Women of the Decade Achievers Award 2013 by ALL Ladies League for Outstanding Public Service.
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- "Who is Manjot Nayyar?: Sheila Dikshit asked on poll day, then in defeat said, 'Hum toh bewakoof hain'". Financial Express. 2013-12-12. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
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- "Sheila Dikshit questions Lokayukta's power". Times of India. 26 October 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Court orders FIR against Sheila Dikshit". Articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com. 2013-09-01. Retrieved 2013-12-28.
- "Commonwealth Games fiasco: Government's auditor faults Sheila too". 3 August 2011. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "Nothing illegal or unlawful in Manu Sharma parole: Sheila Dikshit". 28 November 2009. Retrieved 16 November 2011.
- "31 air conditioners were installed at Sheila Dikshit's official residence as Chief Minister". The Economic Times. PTI. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "Delhi CM Sheila Dikshit honoured with Dara Shikoh award". Indiatoday. PTI. 11 Apr 2010. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
- "‘21st century is going to be the century of women’". The Hindu. 24 Jul 2013. Retrieved 4 Jul 2014.
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|Governor of Kerala
4 March 2014 - 25 August 2014
|Chief Minister of the Delhi