Sheila Hicks

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Sheila Hicks (1974)

Sheila Hicks (born in Hastings, Nebraska, 1934)[1] is an American artist who has lived and worked in Paris, France since 1964. Prior to that she lived in Guerrero, Mexico (1959–63).

Early life and education[edit]

Sheila Hicks attended Yale University School of Art and Architecture in Connecticut (1954-1959), where she gained a BFA in painting (1957) and MFA in painting (1959)[2] and studied with Josef Albers, Rico Lebrun, Bernard Chaet, Jose de Riviera, Herbert Mather, Norman Ives, Gabor Peterdi, George Kubler, George Heard Hamilton, and Vincent Scully. Along with George Kubler, independently, Junius Bird of the American Museum of Natural History and Anni Albers were advisors for her thesis, "Pre-Incaic Textiles."[1] Hicks was awarded a Fulbright Scholarship to study and paint in Chile (1957–58); she photographed archeological sites in Peru and Bolivia.

In 1959 she was awarded a grant by Henri Peyre, Sterling Professor at Yale University, to study in France. Upon completion, she moved to Mexico and, inspired by pre-Columbian textiles and indigenous culture, established her first weaving studio in Taxco el Viejo. While in Mexico, she worked on textile projects for Mathias Goeritz, Luis Barragán, Ricardo Legoretta and Knoll International. With her Rolleiflex, she photographed the experimental architecture of Felix Candela in preparation for a documentary film.[3]

She relocated to Paris, France in 1964,[1] and founded Atelier des Grands Augustins, where she worked on large-scale, site-specific textile-based projects.


Work[edit]

In 2010 a retrospective exhibition of Hicks' 50-year career originated at the Addison Gallery in Andover, Mass. with additional venues at the ICA in Philadelphia, and at The Mint Museum in Charlotte, North Carolina.[4] This included both miniature works, which Hicks calls "minimes" and large scale sculpture.[1] She also makes larger (sometimes monumental) works, wall hangings and sculptures. Her pieces are often vibrantly colored and materially diverse.[5]

In 2013, the 18-foot high Pillar of Inquiry/Supple Column was included in the Whitney Biennal.

Hicks' work can be found in private and public collections, including: Ford Foundation, NY, 1967; Georg Jensen Center for Advanced Design, NY; Air France Boeing 747 planes, 1969–74; TWA terminal at JFK Airport, NY, 1973; CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System), NY; Rochester Institute of Technology, NY; Banque Rothschild, Paris, France; Francis Bouygues, Paris, France; IBM, Paris, France, 1972; Kodak, Paris, France ; Fiat Tower, Paris, Franc; MGIC Investment Corporation, Milwaukee, WI; King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1983 ; Kellogg’s, Michigan; Fuji City, Cultural Center, Japan, 1999; Institute of Advance Study, Princeton, NJ; Target Headquarters, Minneapolis, MN, 2003; SD26 Restaurant, NY, 2009; Ford Foundation (reconstructed), NY, 2013–14; Foundation Louis Vuitton, Boulogne, France, 2014–15

Solo exhibitions[edit]

  • 1958: Tejidos, National Museum of Natural History, Santiago, Chile
  • 1958: pinturas de s.a.w. hicks—fotografias de Sergio larrain, Museo de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile
  • 1961: Tejidos—Sheila Hicks, Galeria Antonio Souza, Mexico, D.F.
  • 1963: The Textiles of Sheila Hicks, Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, USA
  • 1963: Sheila Hicks, Knoll International, Nuremberg, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Cologne, Berlin, Frankfurt & Stuttgart, Germany; Basel, Switzerland; London, UK
  • 1965: Woven Forms and Sculpture: Sheila Hicks, Interiors International (Knoll), London, England
  • 1965: Gewebte Formen, Landesmuseum, Oldenburg, Germany
  • 1970: Fete du Fil, Institut Franco-Americain de Rennes, France; Forme in Faden, Buchholz Gallery, Munich, Germany; American Library, Brussels, Belgium
  • 1971: Formes de Fil, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Brest, France
  • 1972: Fils Dansants, Tapis aux Murs de Sheila Hicks, American Cultural Center, Dakar, Senegal; Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire; American Center, Milan, Italy
  • 1974: Sheila Hicks, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 1976: Tapisserie Mise en Liberte; Ancient Peruvian Textiles and the Work of Sheila Hicks, Maison de la Culture, Rennes, France
  • 1977: Muzeja savremene umetnosti, Belgrade; Museum of Art, Skopje, Macedonia; Museum of Contemporary Art, Dubrovnic, Yugoslavia; Biblioteca Americana, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1978: Tons and Masses, Sheila Hicks, Lunds Konsthall, Lund, Sweden
  • 1979: Suite Ouessantine, Musée de Beaux-Arts, Brest, France
  • 1979: Inhabited, American Center, Paris, France
  • 1980: Free Fall, Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
  • 1980: Small Jump, American Cultural Centre, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 1981: Carte Blanche, Musée des Beaux Arts, Rennes, France
  • 1987: Textile, Texture, Texte, Musée de Beaux Arts, Pau, France
  • 1991: Soft Logic, Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea; Centre Culturel Francais, Seoul, Korea
  • 1992: Cultural Exchange, Walker’s Point Center of the Arts, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1992: Sheila Hicks v Prague, Umeleckoprumyslove Muzeum, Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1993: Small Works, Saka Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1994: Textile Magiker: Sheila Hicks-Junichi Arai, Textile Museet, Boras, Sweden
  • 1996: Art of Sheila Hicks, Museum of Nebraska Art, Kearney, Nebraska
  • 1997: Sheila Hicks: The Making of a Doncho, Municipal Cultural Center Gallery, Kiryu, Gunma, Japan
  • 1999: Sheila Hicks: Seeds to the Wind, Contemporary Art Center of Virginia, Virginia Beach, Virginia
  • 2007: Entrelacs de Sheila Hicks. Textiles et vanneries d’Afrique et d’Océanie de la collection Ghysels, Passage de Retz, Paris France
  • 2008: Sheila Hicks Minimes: Small Woven Works, Davis & Langdale Company, Inc. New York, NY
  • 2010: Sheila Hicks: 50 Years, Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, MA,[1] Institute of Contemporary Art Philadelphia, PA, and Mint Museum of Craft and Design, Charlotte, NC
  • 2010: Sheila Hicks: Hors norms, sculptures textiles, Passage de Retz, Paris, France
  • 2011: Sheila Hicks - One Hundred Minimes, The Museum of Decorative Arts (UPM), Prague, The Czech Republic
  • 2011: Sheila Hicks - 100 Minimes, Boijmans van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  • 2012: Sheila Hicks, Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York
  • 2013: Pêcher dans la Rivière, Alison Jacques Gallery, London, UK
  • 2014: Sheila Hicks, Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York
  • 2014: Sheila Hicks: Unknown Data, Galerie Frank Elbaz, Paris
  • 2015: Sheila Hicks: Foray into Chromatic Zones, Hayward Gallery, London
  • 2016: Sheila Hicks: Material Voices at Joslyn Art Museum Omaha, Nebraska
  • 2016: Glasgow International 2016, Scotland

Awards and recognition[edit]

Museum collections[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • "Sheila Hicks", by Monique Lévi-Strauss, Pierre Horay, editeur, Paris, and Suzy Langlois, Art Mural, 1973. ISBN 2-7058-0009-3
  • Faxon, Susan C., Joan Simon and Whitney Chadwick: "Sheila Hicks: 50 Years", Yale University Press/Addison Gallery of American Art, 2010, ISBN 978-0-300-12164-3.
  • Danto, Arthur Coleman, Joan Simon, Nina Stritzler-Levine, and the Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture: Sheila Hicks weaving as metaphor, Yale University Press, 2006, ISBN 978-0-300-11685-4.
  • One Work: Sheila Hicks at the Mint, published by The Mint Museum, Charlotte, North Carolina in association with Yale University Press, New Haven and London. 2012. ISBN 978-0-300-19085-4.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Smee, Sebastian (November 14, 2010). "Sheila Hicks, weaving her own fabric of modernism". The Boston Globe. Retrieved 2014-03-01. 
  2. ^ Lévi-Strauss, Monique (2010). "Oral history interview with Sheila Hicks, 2004 February 3-March 11". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved 2015-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Sheila Hicks", by Monique Lévi-Strauss, Pierre Horay, editeur, Paris, and Suzy Langlois, Art Mural, 1973. ISBN 2-7058-0009-3
  4. ^ *Faxon, Susan C., Joan Simon and Whitney Chadwick: "Sheila Hicks: 50 Years", Yale University Press/Addison Gallery of American Art, 2010, ISBN 978-0-300-12164-3.
  5. ^ Camhi, Leslie (March 31, 2011). "A Career Woven From Life". The New York Times Art & Design. The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-09-16. 

External links[edit]