Sheila Hicks

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Sheila Hicks
Sheila Hicks (1974).jpg
Sheila Hicks (1974)
Born1934 (1934)
Hastings, Nebraska
EducationYale School of Art, Syracuse University
Known forTextile Art
Sheila Hicks
2019 exhibit at the Demisch Danant gallery, New York City

Sheila Hicks (born in Hastings, Nebraska, 1934)[1] is an American artist. She is known for her innovative and experimental weavings and sculptural textile art that incorporate distinctive colors, natural materials, and personal narratives.[2]

Since 1964, she has lived and worked in Paris, France.[3] Prior to that, she lived and worked in Guerrero, Mexico from 1959 to 1963.

Early life and education[edit]

Sheila Hicks received BFA (1957) and MFA (1959) degrees in painting from the Yale School of Art.[4] She was awarded a Fulbright scholarship to Chile (1957–1958), photographed archaeological sites in the Andes and travelled to the volcanic region of Villarrica, the island of Chiloé, and Tierra del Fuego, which continues to influence her work. From 1959 to 1964 she resided and worked in Mexico. Since 1964, Hicks lives and works in Paris, France.[5]

While at Yale School of Art in Connecticut (1954 to 1959), she studied with Josef Albers,[6] Rico Lebrun, Bernard Chaet, George Kubler, George Heard Hamilton, Vincent Scully, Jose de Riviera, Herbert Mather, Norman Ives, and Gabor Peterdi. Her thesis on pre-Incaic textiles[1] was supervised by archaeologist Junius Bird of the American Museum of Natural History in New York and artist Anni Albers.

In 1959, Henri Peyre, the Sterling Professor of French Emeritus at Yale University, selected Hicks for a grant to study in France (1959–60), which enabled her to meet the pre-Columbian textile scholar and ethnologist Raoul D'Harcourt.

Subsequently, Hicks moved to Taxco el Viejo, Mexico where she began weaving, painting, and teaching at the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) at the invitation of Mathias Goeritz who also introduced to the architects Luis Barragán and Ricardo Legorreta Vilchis.

In 1965 she married fellow artist Enrique Zañartu with whom she had two children.[7]

She photographed extensively with her Rolleiflex.[8] Her subjects included the architecture of Felix Candela and artists active in Mexico.


Sheila Hicks at the Musée Carnavalet, Paris, 2016. Photograph by Cristobal Zanartu

Hicks' art ranges from the minuscule to the monumental. Her materials vary as much as the size and shape of her work. Having begun her career as a painter, she has remained close to color, using it as a language she builds, weaves and wraps to create her pieces.

She incorporates various materials into her "minimes", miniature weavings made on a wooden loom. These include transparent noodles, pieces of slate, razor clam shells, shirt collars, collected sample skeins of embroidery threads, rubber bands, shoelaces, and Carmelite-darned socks. Her temporary installations have incorporated thousands of hospital "girdles" – birth bands for newborns – baby shirts, blue nurses' blouses and khaki army shirts, as well as the wool sheets darned by Carmelite nuns.[5][9]

Hicks's work is characterised by her direct examination of indigenous weaving practices in the countries of their origin. This has led her travel through five continents, studying the local culture in Mexico, France, Morocco, India, Chile, Sweden, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Japan and South Africa, developing relationships with designers, artisans, industrialists, architects, politicians and cultural leaders.[5]

In 2007, the publication Sheila Hicks: Weaving as Metaphor, designed by Irma Boom to accompany the exhibition of the same name at Bard Graduate Center,[10] was named "Most Beautiful Book in the World" at the Leipzig Book Fair.[11]

In 2010 a retrospective of Hicks' 50-year career originated at the Addison Gallery in Andover, Mass. with additional venues at the ICA in Philadelphia, and at The Mint Museum in Charlotte, North Carolina. This included both miniature works (her "minimes") and large scale sculpture.[1][12]

Hicks' work can be found in private and public collections, including: Ford Foundation, NY, 1967; Georg Jensen Center for Advanced Design, NY; Air France Boeing 747 planes, 1969–74; TWA terminal at JFK Airport, NY, 1973; CBS (Columbia Broadcasting System), NY; Rochester Institute of Technology, NY; Banque Rothschild, Paris, France; Francis Bouygues, Paris, France; IBM, Paris, France, 1972; Kodak, Paris, France ; Fiat Tower, Paris, Franc; MGIC Investment Corporation, Milwaukee, WI; King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 1983; Kellogg's, Michigan; Fuji City, Cultural Center, Japan, 1999; Institute of Advance Study, Princeton, NJ; Target Headquarters, Minneapolis, MN, 2003; SD26 Restaurant, NY, 2009; Ford Foundation (reconstructed), NY, 2013–14; Foundation Louis Vuitton, Boulogne, France, 2014–15.

In 2013, the 18-foot-high Pillar of Inquiry/Supple Column was included in the Whitney Biennal.[13]

In 2017 Hicks had a solo exhibition at Alison Jacques Gallery in Paris.[14] Hicks also participated in the 2017 Venice Biennale, Viva Arte Viva, May 13 – November 26, 2017.[15]

In 2018, February 7 – April 30, Hicks had a solo exhibition Life Lines at the Centre Pompidou which included more than 100 works.[16]

On April 21, 2022, Hicks had an interview with T: The New York Times Style Magazine, the title of the interview was "Artist Sheila Hicks: Observing Her Surroundings in the Courtyard".[17] She said the following about the way she works: "I move from idea to finished work acrobatically — it's as though I can feel the clouds shifting and the light coming and going. But because I frequently use fiber and textiles, I'm also quite specific in the way I work;unlike a video artist or a digital artist, I'm physically engaged in the creation of all my work. It's a manualpractice but filtered through the optics of architecture, photography, form, material and color. A couple of years ago, I received an honorary doctorate from my school — I went to Yale in the '50s — and it made me very happy because it validated my choice to work and live as an artist. It meant that I could contribute something to theother fields, and so I'm seeking out what that might be, unlike many artists, who are seeking simply to express themselves."

She likes to work simultaneously on many things. For instance, today she was asked to create an environmental work at King's Cross, near the London train station, for the summer months. She is also making something for a municipal complex by the port in Oslo to coincide with the opening of that city's Museum of Modern Art. Tomorrow, she will presenting models for tapestries to the Gobelins Manufactory. And then she has an exhibition up now at the Hepworth Wakefield in Yorkshire, England. she does whatever she thinks is interesting.

Solo exhibitions[edit]

  • 1958: "Tejidos", National Museum of Natural History, Santiago, Chile
  • 1958: "pinturas de s.a.w. hicks—fotografias de sergio larrain", Museo de Bellas Artes, Santiago, Chile
  • 1961: "Tejidos—Sheila Hicks", Galeria Antonio Souza, Mexico, D.F.
  • 1963: "The Textiles of Sheila Hicks", Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois
  • 1963-66: "Sheila Hicks", Knoll International, Nuremberg, Düsseldorf, Hamburg, Cologne, Berlin, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Germany; Basel, Switzerland
  • 1965: "Woven Forms and Sculpture: Sheila Hicks", Interiors International (Knoll), London, England
  • 1965: "Gewebte Formen", Landesmuseum, Oldenburg, Germany
  • 1970: "Fete du Fil", Institut Franco-Americain de Rennes, France; Forme in Faden, Buchholz Gallery, Munich, Germany; American Library, Brussels, Belgium
  • 1971: "Formes de Fil", Musée des Beaux-Arts, Brest, France
  • 1972: Fils Dansants, Tapis aux Murs de Sheila Hicks, American Cultural Center, Dakar, Senegal; Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire; American Center, Milan, Italy
  • 1974: "Sheila Hicks", Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • 1976: "Tapisserie Mise en Liberte; Ancient Peruvian Textiles and the Work of Sheila Hicks", Maison de la Culture, Rennes, France
  • 1977: Muzeja savremene umetnosti, Belgrade; Museum of Art, Skopje, Macedonia; Museum of Contemporary Art, Dubrovnic, Yugoslavia; Biblioteca Americana, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1978: "Tons and Masses, Sheila Hicks", Lunds Konsthall, Lund, Sweden
  • 1979: "Suite Ouessantine", Musée de Beaux-Arts, Brest, France
  • 1979: "Inhabited", American Center, Paris, France
  • 1980: "Free Fall", Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Israel
  • 1980: "Small Jump", American Cultural Centre, Tel Aviv, Israel
  • 1981: "Carte Blanche", Musée des Beaux Arts, Rennes, France
  • 1987: "Textile, Texture, Texte", Musée de Beaux Arts, Pau, France
  • 1991: "Soft Logic", Seoul Arts Center, Seoul, Korea; Centre Culturel Francais, Seoul, Korea
  • 1992: "Cultural Exchange", Walker's Point Center of the Arts, Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1992: "Sheila Hicks v Prague", Umeleckoprumyslove Muzeum, Prague, Czechoslovakia
  • 1993: "Small Works", Saka Gallery, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1994: "Textile Magiker: Sheila Hicks-Junichi Arai", Textile Museet, Boras, Sweden
  • 1996: "Art of Sheila Hicks", Museum of Nebraska Art, Kearney, Nebraska
  • 1997: "Sheila Hicks: The Making of a Doncho", Municipal Cultural Center Gallery, Kiryu, Gunma, Japan
  • 1999: "Sheila Hicks: Seeds to the Wind", Contemporary Art Center of Virginia, Virginia Beach, Virginia
  • 2006: "Sheila Hicks: Weaving as Metaphor", Bard Graduate Center, New York, NY[10]
  • 2007: Entrelacs de Sheila Hicks. Textiles et vanneries d'Afrique et d'Océanie de la collection Ghysels, Passage de Retz, Paris France
  • 2008: "Sheila Hicks Minimes: Small Woven Works", Davis & Langdale Company, Inc. New York
  • 2010: "Sheila Hicks: 50 Years", Addison Gallery of American Art, Andover, Massachusetts. Institute of Contemporary Art Philadelphia, PA, and Mint Museum, Charlotte, NC[12]
  • 2010: Sheila Hicks: Hors norms, sculptures textiles, Passage de Retz, Paris
  • 2011: "Sheila Hicks - One Hundred Minimes", The Museum of Decorative Arts (UPM), Prague
  • 2011: "Sheila Hicks - 100 Minimes", Boijmans van Beuningen Museum, Rotterdam
  • 2012: "Sheila Hicks", Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York
  • 2013: "Pêcher dans la Rivière", Alison Jacques Gallery, London
  • 2014: "Sheila Hicks", Sikkema Jenkins & Co., New York
  • 2014: "Sheila Hicks: Unknown Data", Galerie Frank Elbaz, Paris
  • 2015: "Sheila Hicks: Foray into Chromatic Zones", Hayward Gallery, London
  • 2016: "Si j'étais de laine, vous m'accepteriez?" Galerie Frank Elbaz, Paris
  • 2016: "Sheila Hicks: Material Voices", Joslyn Art Museum Omaha, Nebraska
  • 2016: "Sheila Hicks, Hilos libres. El textil y sus raíces prehispánicas, 1954-2017" (Free thread. The textile and its prehispanic roots, 1954-2017), Museo Amparo, Puebla, México
  • 2017: Galleria Massimo Minini, Brescia, Italy
  • 2017: "Stones of Peace", Alison Jacques Gallery, London
  • 2017: "Hop, Skip, Jump, and Fly: Escape From Gravity", High Line, New York City[18]
  • 2018: "Sheila Hicks: Lignes de Vie", Centre Pompidou, Paris, France[19]
  • 2018: Sheila Hicks: Migador, Magasin III Museum & Foundation for Contemporary Art, Jaffa, Israel
  • 2018: Panta Rhei, Sheila Hicks, Judit Reigl, Galerie Nächst St. Stephan, Wein, Austria
  • 2019: Sheila Hicks 'Line by Line, Step by Step' April 29 – June 8, 2019, and June 10 – August 17, 2019 (Next Chapter), Demisch Danant, New York
  • 2019: "Sheila Hicks," May 11, 2019 - August 18, 2019, Nasher Sculpture Center, Dallas, Texas.
  • 2019: Sheila Hicks, Reencuentro [Reencounter], August 9, 2019 – January 31, 2020, Museo Chileno de Arte Precolombino, Santiago, 2019.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Museum collections[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Smee, Sebastian (November 14, 2010). "Sheila Hicks, weaving her own fabric of modernism". The Boston Globe. Retrieved March 1, 2014.
  2. ^ "Sheila Hicks: Weaving as Metaphor". The Statement. Wilsonart International. Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  3. ^ Phaidon Editors (2019). Great women artists. Phaidon Press. p. 186. ISBN 978-0714878775. {{cite book}}: |last1= has generic name (help)
  4. ^ a b Constantine, Mildred. (1985). The art fabric : mainstream. Larsen, Jack Lenor. (1st ed.). Tokyo: Kodansha International. ISBN 0870117548. OCLC 12668036.
  5. ^ a b c Faxon, Susan C.; Simon, Joan; Chadwick, Whitney (2010). Sheila Hicks: 50 Years. Yale University Press for Addison Gallery of American Art. ISBN 978-0-300-12164-3.
  6. ^ Shattuck, Katheryn (September 4, 2006). "In the Woof and Warp of Miniatures, Interlocking Metaphors and Journeys". The New York Times. Retrieved September 5, 2019.
  7. ^ Gaze, Delia; Mihajlovic, Maja; Shrimpton, Leanda (1997). Dictionary of Women Artists: Introductory surveys ; Artists, A-I. Taylor & Francis. p. 683. ISBN 978-1-884964-21-3.
  8. ^ Hicks, Sheila (April 2, 2014). "SHEILA HICKS with Danielle Mysliwiec". The Brooklyn Rail (Interview). Interviewed by Mysliwiec, Danielle. Retrieved March 7, 2018.
  9. ^ Camhi, Leslie (March 31, 2011). "A Career Woven From Life". The New York Times. Retrieved April 2, 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Sheila Hicks: Weaving as Metaphor (past exhibition)". Bard Graduate Center. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  11. ^ Rawsthorn, Alice (March 18, 2007). "Reinventing the look (even smell) of a book". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Traveling Exhibitions | Sheila Hicks: 50 Years". Addison Gallery of American Art. Phillips Academy. Archived from the original on September 7, 2011. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  13. ^ "Pillar of Inquiry/Supple Column". Whitney Museum of American Art. Archived from the original on April 16, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  14. ^ "Works | Sheila Hicks: Stones of Peace". Alison Jacques Gallery. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  15. ^ "La Biennale di Venezia - Artists". Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved February 22, 2017.
  16. ^ Hicks, Sheila (February 5, 2018). "Sheila Hicks: an American with wool in Paris". The Art Newspaper (Interview). Interviewed by Sansom, Anna. Retrieved March 17, 2018.
  17. ^ Guadagnino, Kate (April 21, 2022). "Artist Sheila Hicks: Observing Her Surroundings in the Courtyard". T.
  18. ^ Sheets, Hilarie M. (May 3, 2017). "The Artist Sheila Hicks Will Spin Her Threads on the High Line". The New York Times. Retrieved February 7, 2019.
  19. ^ "Sheila Hicks: Lignes de Vie". Centre Pompidou (in French). Retrieved March 4, 2018.

Further reading[edit]

  • Lévi-Strauss, Monique (1973). Horay, Pierre; Langlois, Suzy (eds.). Sheila Hicks (in French). Paris. ISBN 2-7058-0009-3.
  • Danto, Arthur Coleman; Simon, Joan (2006). Stritzler-Levine, Nina (ed.). Sheila Hicks weaving as metaphor. Yale University Press for The Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, Design, and Culture. ISBN 978-0-300-11685-4.
  • Carlano, Annie (2012). One Work: Sheila Hicks at the Mint. Charlotte, North Carolina: Yale University Press for The Mint Museum. ISBN 978-0-300-19085-4.

External links[edit]