Shekak

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Shekak (also Shakkak, Shikakan or Shekkāk[1]) is a Kurdish tribe in West Azerbaijan province, Iran. The tribe lives around the city of Urmia. There are several songs dedicated to him. Famous Kurdish Singer (Dengbej) Sakiro dedicated a song to the ambush led by the Iranians that cost him his life. Kurds never forgot what the Assyrians and the Royal family of Iran did to them.[2]

History[edit]

Among the clans of the Shekak are the 'Awdoǐ.[3] According to their oral history they came from Diyarbakır in the 17th Century and settled west of Lake Urmia,[3] which displaced the Donboli tribe.[4] The first known chieftain of the 'Awdoǐ was Ismail Agha who died in 1816 and whose tomb is beside the Naslu River.[4] His grandson Jafar Agha was executed as a bandit in Tabriz in 1905.[3] Jafar's brother, Simko Shikak, was allegedly responsible for leading the anti-Christian and anti-Alevite[5] massacres in the area before and during World War I and supposed organized resistance against the cruel regime of Reza Shah.[6]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Oberling, Pierre (20 July 2004). "Kurdish Tribes". Encyclopædia Iranica. New York. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  2. ^ Sargon, Donabed,. Iraq and the Assyrian Unimagining: Illuminating Scaled Suffering and a Hierarchy of Genocide from Simele to Anfal (Thesis). hdl:1807/32925Freely accessible. 
  3. ^ a b c Houtsma, M. Th.; et al. (1993). "Salmas". E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936. 4 (Reprint ed.). E.J. Brill. p. 118. ISBN 90-04-09796-1. 
  4. ^ a b Houtsma, M. Th.; et al. (1993). "Shakāk". E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913-1936. 4 (Reprint ed.). E.J. Brill. p. 290. ISBN 90-04-09796-1. 
  5. ^ Izady, Mehrdad (1992). The Kurds: A Concise Handbook. Crane Russak. p. 58. ISBN 9780844817293. 
  6. ^ O'Leary, Brendan; Ṣāliḥ, Khālid (2005). "The Denial, Resurrection, and Affirmation of Kurdistan". In O'Leary, Brendan; McGarry, John; Salih, Khaled. The Future of Kurdistan in Iraq. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 3-46. ISBN 0-8122-3870-2.