Shaki District

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Sheki (rayon))

Shaki District
Map of Azerbaijan showing the Shaki District
Map of Azerbaijan showing the Shaki District
Country Azerbaijan
Established8 August 1930
 • GovernorElkhan Usubov
 • Total2,430 km2 (940 sq mi)
 • Total188,100
 • Density77/km2 (200/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4 (AZT)
Postal code

Shaki District (Azerbaijani: Şəki rayonu) is one of the 66 districts of Azerbaijan. It is located in the north of the country and belongs to the Shaki-Zagatala Economic Region. The district borders the districts of Qakh, Oghuz, Agdash, Yevlakh, and the Russian Republic of Dagestan. Its capital and largest city is Shaki. As of 2020, the district had a population of 188,100.[2]


Shaki is one of the oldest cities in Azerbaijan. In medieval sources, its name is called Shaki, Shaki or Shakki. The city of Sheki was called "Nuxa" for a long time. The Greek geographer Ptolemy, noted that there was a settlement called "Niga" among the ethnic Albanian cities.[3]

Christianity reached here as early as the 1st century CE, and Islam later in the 7th century.[4]

After the Ilkhanate collapsed, along with the Shirvanshahs state, Shaki gained autonomy and the Orlat nobility came to power, in the first half of the 14th century. In 1551 Shaki's autonomy ended by Shah Tahmasib when Sheki came under control of the Safavid Empire. In 1743, Shaki Khanate was established.

In 1772, due to the overflow of the Kish River, the historical city of Shaki was completely destroyed, some parts of the city's population was destabilised, some people had moved to other places, and some had settled in the present site of the city.[5]

Historical monuments[edit]

The region contains the Palace of Shaki Khans (inscribed in UNESCO's World Heritage List) which dates back to the 18th century. The city was located along important trading routes, as such the city houses several opulent merchant houses with architecture influenced by Safavid, Qadar and Russian building traditions.[4]


Shaki has 65 settlements, with the majority of residents living in the cities (66,900) and a minority in villages (32,600). The official languages are Azerbaijani.

According to the State Statistics Committee, as of 2018, the population of city was 185,400 persons, which increased by 26,700 persons (about 16.8 percent) from 158,700 persons in 2000.[6] 92,700 of total population are men, 92,700 are women.[7] More than 25.1 percent of the population (about 46,600 persons) consists of young people and teenagers aged 14–29.[8]

The population of the district by the year (at the beginning of the year, thousand persons)[6]
Territory 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Shaki town 158,7 159,9 160,9 162,1 163,2 164,6 165,8 167,3 169,0 170,4 171,8 173,5 175,7 177,5 179,1 181,0 182,7 184,2 185,4
urban population 63,5 63,6 63,7 63,8 64,0 64,3 64,6 64,7 65,1 65,3 65,6 65,9 66,1 66,4 66,6 66,9 67,3 67,4 67,6
rural population 95,2 96,3 97,2 98,3 99,2 100,3 101,2 102,6 103,9 105,1 106,2 107,6 109,6 111,1 112,5 114,1 115,4 116,8 117,8


There are 1 city, 2 settlements, 68 villages, and 31 rural executive offices, 1 city municipality and 39 rural municipalities in the district. There are 343 managerial and organizational departments, 17 bank branches, 14 hotels, 1 communication and 1 post office. The largest enterprise according to the number of employees is Shaki-Ipek OJSC.

Shaki is part of the Shaki-Zaqatala Economic Region. The Shaki region, one of the largest agricultural and industrial districts of the Republic, has a total area of 2.43 thousand km2 and a population of 184,172. At present 29 industrial enterprises operate in the region, of which 21 are small enterprises.


Ethnic group 1999[9] 2009[10]
Number % Number %
Total 157 353 100.00 170 733 100.00
Azerbaijanis 148 862 94.60 163 092 95.52
Lezgins 7 469 4.75 7 152 4.19
Russians 231 0.15 121 0.07
Turkish people 45 0.03 26 0.02
Kurds 47 0.03 26 0.02
Avars 15 0.01 14 0.01
Tatars 61 0.04 10 0.01
Ukrainians 128 0.08 6 0.00
Georgians 13 0.01 ... ...
Others 475 0.30 286 0.17

Alternative according to the data of Lezgins ~ 40,000.[11]


The annual sum of sunny hours is 2350 hours. Approximately 40 percent of sunny hours are observed in summer. The climate in Shaki is influenced by various air masses, cyclones and anticyclones, and local winds. The Arctic and mild air masses enter Shaki with causing the temperature rise in the winter. Mountain winds form local winds in Sheki in the summer. It is because of a contrast in pressure between the mountain and the valley. The cold winds are moderated by the Great Caucasus from the north. Thus, the temperature in Sheki is 0.5 C in January. The average annual temperature is 12 C in Sheki. The average temperature ranges from 20 to 25 C in June and August.

In Sheki solid winds (over 15m / s) are hardly ever seen, with as 10–12 days a solid wind. Less than 1 meter per second the speed of the wind in Sheki is often observed. The average sum of rainfall is 730 mm. 50% of it falls in May, June, September and October. In Kish village the least precipitation is in August (35 mm), January (29 mm) and February (36 mm), 775 mm, over 1000 mm rainfall in Khan Lowland. Floods, storm, and hail are characteristic of the mountain and the fields encompassing Sheki and its urban places.

The flood event is observed frequently. The Kish Waterway basin is located in the western portion of the city and it is considered one of the most powerful flood areas in the world. In the place called Guruchay were collected sand, stone, and mud from the mountains for a long time and its middle part is higher than the city Dodo settlement. The atmosphere events such as the storm and the hail have a great deal of effect here. High relief, strong heat in the summer and high evaporation are the essential reasons for hail in Shaki.

The elevation of 500–850 m above sea level, the mountain woodlands encompassing it prevents the city from overheating. The city is secured from floods by mountain woodlands. It makes the view of the city even more beautiful. The mountainous grassland, brown mountain woodlands, meadow-forest, grey-brown soils cover the city. Oak, peanuts, hornbeam trees are spacious in the woodlands. The animal world is rich.

The main streams of the city are Kish and Gurcana rivers. Kish is the right arm of Eyrichay, it is 33 km long, and the basin area is 265 km2. It starts at 2900 meters above the southern slope of the main Caucasian Range. It is one of the most flooded rivers of Transcaucasia. The upper axis is called Damarchin.[12]

Notable persons[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "İnzibati-ərazi vahidləri" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Population of Azerbaijan". State Statistics Committee. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  4. ^ a b Centre, UNESCO World Heritage. "Historic Centre of Sheki with the Khan's Palace". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  5. ^ "History of Sheki". Sheki Regional Cultural Department (in Azerbaijani). Archived from the original on 14 October 2019. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
  6. ^ a b "Political division, population size and structure: Population by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  7. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population by sex, towns and regions, urban settlements of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  8. ^ "Political division, population size and structure: Population at age 14-29 by towns and regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan at the beginning of the 2018". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  9. ^ Population statistics of Eastern Europe: Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan by 1999 census
  10. ^ Population statistics of Eastern Europe: Ethnic composition of Azerbaijan by 2009 census
  11. ^ Gereĭkhanov, Gadzhi Pirmuradovich (2004). Угрозы национальной безопасности России на Северном Кавказе: этноконфессиональный аспект. ISBN 9785946911009.
  12. ^ "Sheki district". The National Library of Azerbaijan.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°06′N 47°00′E / 41.100°N 47.000°E / 41.100; 47.000