Sheksna, Sheksninsky District, Vologda Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Sheksna (inhabited locality).
Sheksna (English)
Шексна (Russian)
-  Urban-type settlement[1]  -
Шексна. Церковь Казанской иконы Божией Матери.JPG
The Kazan Church in Sheksna
Map of Russia - Vologda Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Vologda Oblast in Russia
Sheksna is located in Vologda Oblast
Sheksna
Sheksna
Location of Sheksna in Vologda Oblast
Coordinates: 59°13′N 38°30′E / 59.217°N 38.500°E / 59.217; 38.500Coordinates: 59°13′N 38°30′E / 59.217°N 38.500°E / 59.217; 38.500
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Vologda Oblast
Administrative district Sheksninsky District[1]
Administrative center of Sheksninsky District[1]
Municipal status (as of February 2010)
Municipal district Sheksninsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Sheksninskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Sheksninskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 20,953 inhabitants[3]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1590[5]
Urban-type settlement status since 1954[5]
Previous names Nikolskoye (until 1954)[6]
Sheksna on WikiCommons

Sheksna (Russian: Шексна́) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) and the administrative center of Sheksninsky District of Vologda Oblast, Russia, located along the left bank of the Sheksna River, 83 kilometers (52 mi) from Vologda. Municipally, it is incorporated as Sheksninskoye Urban Settlement, one of the two urban settlements in the district. Population: 20,953 (2010 Census);[3] 21,615 (2002 Census);[7] 15,928 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

The selo of Nikolskoye was known since 1590. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, it was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate split off. The area became part of Ustyuzhensky Uyezd of Belozersk Oblast of Novgorod Governorate. In 1776, the area was transferred to Novgorod Viceroyalty. In 1777, Cherepovetsky Uyezd was established, and the area was transferred to it. In 1796, the viceroyalty was abolished, and the area was transferred to Novgorod Governorate. Cherepovetsky Uyezd was abolished and merged into Ustyuzhensky Uyezd. However, in 1802 Cherepovetsky Uyezd was reestablished. In the early 19th century, the Mariinsky Canal system was constructed.

In June 1918, five uyezds of Novgorod Governorate, including Cherepovetsky Uyezd, were split off to form Cherepovets Governorate, with the administrative center in Cherepovets. On August 1, 1927 Cherepovets Governorate was abolished, and its area became Cherepovets Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. Simultaneously, uyezds were abolished, and Prisheksninsky District with the center of Nikolskoye was established. On September 23, 1937 Prisheksninsky District was transferred to newly established Vologda Oblast.[6]

In 1954 the Nikolskoye obtained the status of urban-type settlement and was remained into Sheksna. In 1959, Prisheksninsky District was abolished and merged with Chyobsarsky District. On December 13, 1962 Chyobsarsky District was abolished as well, and Sheksna was moved to Cherepovetsky District. In 1963-1964 the Sheksna Hydroelectric dam was constructed. On January 12, 1965 Sheksninsky District with the administrative center in Sheksna was established.[6]

Economy[edit]

Industry[edit]

The economy of Sheksna is based on food industry.[9] The Sheksna Hydropower Plant, located in Sheksna, is a major energy producer.

Transportation[edit]

A114 highway, connecting Vologda to Cherepovets and Saint Petersburg, passes Sheksna. There are also local roads.

Sheksna has a railway station on the railroad connecting Vologda with Cherepovets and Saint Petersburg.

The Sheksna is navigable within the district and is a part of Volga–Baltic Waterway (formerly known as the Mariinsk Canal System), which connects the Rybinsk Reservoir in the river basin of the Volga and Lake Onega in the river basin of the Neva.

Culture and recreation[edit]

Sheksna hosts the Historical and Cultural Center. It displays collections on local history, as well as temporary exhibitions.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 19 258 551 004», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 19 258 551 004, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c Law #1130-OZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ a b Коновалов, Ф. Я. (2006). Г. В. Судаков, ed. Вологодская энциклопедия (PDF) (in Russian). Вологда: ВГПУ, Русь. p. 539. ISBN 5-87822-305-8. Retrieved November 23, 2011. 
  6. ^ a b c Справка об изменениях административно-территориального устройства и сети партийных и комсомольских органов на территории Вологодской области (1917-1991) (in Russian). Архивы России. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Общая характеристика района" (in Russian). Администрация Шекснинского муниципального района. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Центр истории и культуры" (in Russian). Администрация Шекснинского муниципального района. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №371-ОЗ от 4 июня 1999 г. «О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области», в ред. Закона №2916-ОЗ от 7 декабря 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон области "О вопросах административно-территориального устройства Вологодской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №124–125, 29 июля 1999 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #371-OZ of June 4, 1999 On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Law #2916-OZ of December 7, 2012 On Amending the Oblast Law "On the Matters of the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Vologda Oblast". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).
  • Правительство Вологодской области. Постановление №178 от 1 марта 2010 г. «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц Вологодской области», в ред. Постановления №686 от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в некоторые Постановления Правительства области». Вступил в силу 20 марта 2010 г. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №29, 20 марта 2010 г. (Government of Vologda Oblast. Resolution #178 of March 1, 2010 On Adopting the Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Vologda Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #686 of June 25, 2012 On Amending Various Resolutions of the Oblast Government. Effective as of March 20, 2010.).
  • Законодательное Собрание Вологодской области. Закон №1130-ОЗ от 6 декабря 2004 г. «Об установлении границ Шекснинского муниципального района, границах и статусе муниципальных образований, входящих в его состав», в ред. Закона №2809-ОЗ от 5 июля 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в отдельные Законы области, устанавливающие границы и статус муниципальных образований области». Вступил в силу через 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Красный Север", №242, 11 декабря 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Vologda Oblast. Law #1130-OZ of December 6, 2004 On Establishing the Borders of Sheksninsky Municipal District, on the Borders and Status of the Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #2809-OZ of July 5, 2012 On Amending Various Laws of the Oblast, Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Municipal Formations of the Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication.).