Shelburne County, Nova Scotia

Coordinates: 43°48′N 65°18′W / 43.8°N 65.3°W / 43.8; -65.3
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Shelburne County
Location of Shelburne County, Nova Scotia
Location of Shelburne County, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 43°48′N 65°18′W / 43.8°N 65.3°W / 43.8; -65.3
ProvinceNova Scotia
Barrington / Shelburne
TownsShelburne / Lockeport / Clark's Harbour
Divided into District MunicipalitiesApril 17, 1879
Electoral Districts

South Shore—St. Margarets
 • Total2,462.58 km2 (950.81 sq mi)
 • Total13,704
 • Density5.6/km2 (15/sq mi)
 • Change 2011-16
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Area code902
Median Income*$40,514 CDN
  • Median household income, 2005 (all households)

Shelburne County is a county in the Canadian province of Nova Scotia.


Shelburne County was founded in 1784 shortly following the influx of Loyalist settlers evacuated from the newly independent United States of America. It was originally named Port Roseway, until it became a very busy town and was considered to be the capital of Nova Scotia, in which the name was changed to Shelburne in an attempt to please Lord Shelburne, the British Prime Minister from 1782 to 1783. The boundaries of Shelburne County were established by Governor and Council on December 16, 1785.

The first Loyalists arrived in May 1783. They were faced with a somewhat bleak environment in which to make their homes. The land is very rocky with acidic soil. There is also a lot of forest.

The area had previously been settled by French-speaking Catholic Acadians, many of whom had been deported to British Colonies. The new arrivals included Black Loyalists who were given substandard land, particularly around Birchtown. In 1796 about 600 Jamaican Maroons were deported to this area of Nova Scotia as well.

In 1824, at a time when the lines of a number of counties were being cut out and marked, the boundary between Queens and Shelburne Counties was surveyed.

In 1836 Shelburne County was divided into two separate and distinct counties with Yarmouth County being formed out of what had been part of Shelburne County.

In 1854, Shelburne County was divided into two districts for court sessional purposes - Shelburne and Barrington. In 1879, these districts were incorporated as district municipalities.

A 2023 wildfire near Barrington Lake became the largest wildfire in the history of Nova Scotia.[2]


As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Shelburne County had a population of 13,704 living in 6,473 of its 7,904 total private dwellings, a change of -1.9% from its 2016 population of 13,966. With a land area of 2,462.58 km2 (950.81 sq mi), it had a population density of 5.6/km2 (14.4/sq mi) in 2021.[3]


District municipalities

Access routes[edit]

Highways and numbered routes that run through the county, including external routes that start or finish at the county boundary:[8]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Profile table, Census Profile, 2021 Census of Population - Shelburne, County (CTY) [Census division], Nova Scotia". 9 February 2022.
  2. ^ Chisholm, Cassidy (3 June 2023). "Historic wildfire in Shelburne County remains out of control, says premier". CBC News. Retrieved 3 June 2023.
  3. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.
  4. ^ Censuses 1871-1941
  5. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  6. ^ Statistics Canada: 2011 census
  7. ^ 2006 Statistics Canada Census Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada: Shelburne County, Nova Scotia
  8. ^ Atlantic Canada Back Road Atlas ISBN 978-1-55368-618-7 Page 89

External links[edit]