Shelby County, Indiana

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Shelby County, Indiana
Shelby County Courthouse in Shelbyville.jpg
Shelby County Courthouse in Shelbyville
Map of Indiana highlighting Shelby County
Location in the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1821
Named for Isaac Shelby
Seat Shelbyville
Largest city Shelbyville
Area
 • Total 412.76 sq mi (1,069 km2)
 • Land 411.15 sq mi (1,065 km2)
 • Water 1.61 sq mi (4 km2), 0.39%
Population
 • (2010) 44,436
 • Density 107.7/sq mi (41.58/km2)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.co.shelby.in.us
Footnotes: Indiana county number 73

Shelby County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 44,436.[1] The county seat is Shelbyville.[2]

History[edit]

Shelby County was organized in 1821. It was named for Gen. Isaac Shelby, who defeated the British at the Battle of Kings Mountain in the Revolutionary War. Shelby then became the first Governor of Kentucky. During the War of 1812, he led the army of Kentucky into Canada, and defeated the British at the decisive Battle of the Thames in 1813.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 412.76 square miles (1,069.0 km2), of which 411.15 square miles (1,064.9 km2) (or 99.61%) is land and 1.61 square miles (4.2 km2) (or 0.39%) is water.[3]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated places[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Shelbyville, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
18
 
 
2.4
 
 
40
22
 
 
3.4
 
 
51
31
 
 
3.9
 
 
63
41
 
 
4.5
 
 
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52
 
 
3.9
 
 
82
61
 
 
4
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
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63
 
 
2.7
 
 
78
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
3.6
 
 
52
35
 
 
2.8
 
 
40
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[4]

In recent years, average temperatures in Shelbyville have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.38 inches (60 mm) in January to 4.47 inches (114 mm) in May.[4]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four-year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[5][6]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[5][6]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[6]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[6]

Current elected officials:

  • County Commissioners[7]
    • Donald Parker
    • Kevin Nigh
    • Chris Ross
  • County Council
    • Terry Smith
    • Scott Asher
    • Ryan Claxton
    • Tony Titus
    • Linda Sanders
    • Leigh Lankable
    • Bryan Fischer
Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[8]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 70.7% 12,718 23.6% 4,247 5.7% 1,029
2012 65.5% 10,978 32.0% 5,359 2.5% 423
2008 58.7% 10,333 39.7% 6,987 1.6% 282
2004 71.1% 11,397 28.2% 4,519 0.7% 111
2000 62.6% 9,590 35.1% 5,374 2.3% 346
1996 51.4% 7,778 35.5% 5,374 13.2% 1,990
1992 49.8% 8,075 28.1% 4,560 22.1% 3,576
1988 65.1% 10,176 34.5% 5,382 0.4% 63
1984 66.9% 11,056 32.4% 5,357 0.7% 109
1980 61.2% 10,496 34.2% 5,861 4.6% 793
1976 55.2% 8,918 44.0% 7,098 0.8% 134
1972 72.4% 10,794 27.0% 4,028 0.5% 78
1968 52.8% 8,574 33.4% 5,417 13.8% 2,235
1964 44.4% 7,310 55.2% 9,078 0.4% 67
1960 56.8% 9,421 42.8% 7,111 0.4% 70
1956 58.0% 9,170 41.5% 6,561 0.5% 80
1952 57.2% 8,961 41.8% 6,552 1.0% 158
1948 45.5% 6,068 52.5% 6,992 2.0% 264
1944 49.6% 6,816 49.5% 6,798 0.9% 119
1940 47.0% 7,216 52.2% 8,015 0.8% 117
1936 41.0% 6,026 58.1% 8,552 0.9% 139
1932 38.1% 5,410 60.1% 8,552 1.8% 257
1928 56.1% 7,516 43.2% 5,790 0.6% 83
1924 51.5% 6,664 46.2% 5,976 2.3% 296
1920 47.2% 6,336 50.9% 6,845 1.9% 256
1916 42.9% 3,201 52.3% 3,900 4.8% 360
1912 17.3% 1,254 47.5% 3,432 35.2% 2,544
1908 44.5% 3,529 50.9% 4,035 4.5% 359
1904 48.2% 3,660 46.8% 3,550 5.0% 382
1900 44.8% 3,291 52.3% 3,846 2.9% 216
1896 44.6% 3,219 53.1% 3,828 2.3% 167
1892 40.7% 2,664 53.3% 3,490 6.1% 399
1888 44.4% 2,877 52.6% 3,409 3.0% 192

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18306,295
184012,00590.7%
185015,50229.1%
186019,56926.2%
187021,89211.9%
188025,25715.4%
189025,4540.8%
190026,4914.1%
191026,8021.2%
192025,982−3.1%
193026,5522.2%
194025,953−2.3%
195028,0268.0%
196034,09321.6%
197037,79710.9%
198039,8875.5%
199040,3071.1%
200043,4457.8%
201044,4362.3%
Est. 201644,324[9]−0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 44,436 people, 17,302 households, and 12,221 families residing in the county.[14] The population density was 108.1 inhabitants per square mile (41.7/km2). There were 19,080 housing units at an average density of 46.4 per square mile (17.9/km2).[3] The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 28.5% were German, 13.1% were American, 12.2% were Irish, and 9.0% were English.[15]

Of the 17,302 households, 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 39.9 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,824. Males had a median income of $46,325 versus $32,416 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,398. About 7.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Born in Shelby County[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Shelby County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  4. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Shelbyville, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  5. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  6. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  7. ^ "Shelby County Chamber of Commerce". Retrieved 2008-01-04. 
  8. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014. 
  14. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-07-10. 

Coordinates: 39°31′N 85°47′W / 39.52°N 85.79°W / 39.52; -85.79