Shelby County, Indiana

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shelby County
Shelby County Courthouse in Shelbyville
Shelby County Courthouse in Shelbyville
Map of Indiana highlighting Shelby County
Location within the U.S. state of Indiana
Map of the United States highlighting Indiana
Indiana's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 39°31′N 85°47′W / 39.52°N 85.79°W / 39.52; -85.79
Country United States
State Indiana
Founded31 December 1821 (authorized)
1822 (organized)
Named forIsaac Shelby
SeatShelbyville
Largest cityShelbyville
Area
 • Total412.76 sq mi (1,069.0 km2)
 • Land411.15 sq mi (1,064.9 km2)
 • Water1.61 sq mi (4.2 km2)  0.39%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2018)
44,593
 • Density108.5/sq mi (41.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district6th
Websitewww.co.shelby.in.us
Indiana county number 73

Shelby County is a county in the U.S. state of Indiana. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 44,436.[1] The county seat (and only incorporated city) is Shelbyville.[2]

History[edit]

After the American Revolutionary War established US sovereignty over the territory of the upper midwest, the new federal government defined the Northwest Territory in 1787, which included the area of present-day Indiana. In 1800, Congress separated Ohio from the Northwest Territory, designating the rest of the land as the Indiana Territory. President Thomas Jefferson chose William Henry Harrison as the governor of the territory, and Vincennes was established as the capital. After the Michigan Territory was separated and the Illinois Territory was formed, Indiana was reduced to its current size and geography. By December 1816 the Indiana Territory was admitted to the Union as a state.

The Native people who inhabited these areas prior to arrival of European settlers were generally resistant to the loss of their lands. As settlers pushed into the area, treaties signed by some leaders with United States representatives ceded large areas of their territory to the US. Starting in 1794, Native American titles to Indiana lands were extinguished by usurpation, purchase, or war and treaty. The United States acquired land from the Native Americans in the 1809 treaty of Fort Wayne, and by the treaty of St. Mary's in 1818, which included the future Shelby County.

The Indiana State Legislature passed a bill on 31 December 1821 that authorized the creation of four counties,[3] including Shelby. On 1 July 1822 the county was organized, beginning with selecting a site for the county seat.[4]

The new county was named for Gen. Isaac Shelby, who defeated the British at the Battle of Kings Mountain in the Revolutionary War. Shelby then became the first Governor of Kentucky. During the War of 1812, he led the army of Kentucky into Canada, and defeated the British at the decisive Battle of the Thames in 1813.

Geography[edit]

The low, rolling hills of Shelby County are lightly carved by drainages, but are otherwise completely devoted to agriculture or urban development. The western edge of the county is drained by Sugar Creek, flowing south-southwestward into Johnson County. The central and SW parts of the county are drained by Big Blue River, flowing south-southwestward into Johnson County. The lower part of the county is drained by Flatrock River, flowing southwestward into Bartholomew County.[5] The terrain slopes to the southwest, with its highest elevations (930 feet/283 meters ASL) along the eastern part of its northern border with Hancock County.[6] According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 412.76 square miles (1,069.0 km2), of which 411.15 square miles (1,064.9 km2) (or 99.61%) is land and 1.61 square miles (4.2 km2) (or 0.39%) is water.[7]

City and towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Shelbyville, Indiana
Climate chart (explanation)
J
F
M
A
M
J
J
A
S
O
N
D
 
 
2.4
 
 
35
18
 
 
2.4
 
 
40
22
 
 
3.4
 
 
51
31
 
 
3.9
 
 
63
41
 
 
4.5
 
 
73
52
 
 
3.9
 
 
82
61
 
 
4
 
 
86
65
 
 
3.5
 
 
84
63
 
 
2.7
 
 
78
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
66
43
 
 
3.6
 
 
52
35
 
 
2.8
 
 
40
24
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in Shelbyville have ranged from a low of 18 °F (−8 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−32 °C) was recorded in January 1994 and a record high of 105 °F (41 °C) was recorded in July 1954. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 2.38 inches (60 mm) in January to 4.47 inches (114 mm) in May.[8]

2010 Census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 44,436 people, 17,302 households, and 12,221 families in the county.[9] The population density was 108.1 inhabitants per square mile (41.7/km2). There were 19,080 housing units at an average density of 46.4 per square mile (17.9/km2).[7] The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% white, 1.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.6% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.7% of the population.[9] In terms of ancestry, 28.5% were German, 13.1% were American, 12.2% were Irish, and 9.0% were English.[10]

Of the 17,302 households, 33.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.4% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 24.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 2.98. The median age was 39.9 years.[9]

The median income for a household in the county was $47,697 and the median income for a family was $60,824. Males had a median income of $46,325 versus $32,416 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,398. About 7.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.[11]

Government[edit]

The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The legislative branch of the county government; controls spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected to four-year terms from county districts. They set salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[12][13]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county; commissioners are elected county-wide to staggered four-year terms. One commissioner serves as president. The commissioners execute the acts legislated by the council, collect revenue, and manage the county government.[12][13]

Court: Three State Trial Courts sit in the Courthouse located at 407 S. Harrison Street, Shelbyville, Indiana 46176. Shelby Circuit Court was established by the Indiana Constitution. Shelby Superior Courts 1 and 2 were created by Acts of the Legislature. Shelby Superior Court 2 handles the small claims. Cases are allocated between the Courts by Local Court Rules. The judges of the Shelby Cirucit and Superior Courts are elected to six (6) year terms and must be admitted to practice law in the State of Indiana. Appeals from Shelby County Trial Courts are made to the Indiana Court of Appeals.

County Officials: The county has other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. These officials are elected to four-year terms. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[13]

Political Culture[edit]

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2020 72.9% 14,568 25.1% 5,023 2.0% 400
2016 70.7% 12,718 23.6% 4,247 5.7% 1,029
2012 65.5% 10,978 32.0% 5,359 2.5% 423
2008 58.7% 10,333 39.7% 6,987 1.6% 282
2004 71.1% 11,397 28.2% 4,519 0.7% 111
2000 62.6% 9,590 35.1% 5,374 2.3% 346
1996 51.4% 7,778 35.5% 5,374 13.2% 1,990
1992 49.8% 8,075 28.1% 4,560 22.1% 3,576
1988 65.1% 10,176 34.5% 5,382 0.4% 63
1984 66.9% 11,056 32.4% 5,357 0.7% 109
1980 61.2% 10,496 34.2% 5,861 4.6% 793
1976 55.2% 8,918 44.0% 7,098 0.8% 134
1972 72.4% 10,794 27.0% 4,028 0.5% 78
1968 52.8% 8,574 33.4% 5,417 13.8% 2,235
1964 44.4% 7,310 55.2% 9,078 0.4% 67
1960 56.8% 9,421 42.8% 7,111 0.4% 70
1956 58.0% 9,170 41.5% 6,561 0.5% 80
1952 57.2% 8,961 41.8% 6,552 1.0% 158
1948 45.5% 6,068 52.5% 6,992 2.0% 264
1944 49.6% 6,816 49.5% 6,798 0.9% 119
1940 47.0% 7,216 52.2% 8,015 0.8% 117
1936 41.0% 6,026 58.1% 8,552 0.9% 139
1932 38.1% 5,410 60.1% 8,552 1.8% 257
1928 56.1% 7,516 43.2% 5,790 0.6% 83
1924 51.5% 6,664 46.2% 5,976 2.3% 296
1920 47.2% 6,336 50.9% 6,845 1.9% 256
1916 42.9% 3,201 52.3% 3,900 4.8% 360
1912 17.3% 1,254 47.5% 3,432 35.2% 2,544
1908 44.5% 3,529 50.9% 4,035 4.5% 359
1904 48.2% 3,660 46.8% 3,550 5.0% 382
1900 44.8% 3,291 52.3% 3,846 2.9% 216
1896 44.6% 3,219 53.1% 3,828 2.3% 167
1892 40.7% 2,664 53.3% 3,490 6.1% 399
1888 44.4% 2,877 52.6% 3,409 3.0% 192

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18306,295
184012,00590.7%
185015,50229.1%
186019,56926.2%
187021,89211.9%
188025,25715.4%
189025,4540.8%
190026,4914.1%
191026,8021.2%
192025,982−3.1%
193026,5522.2%
194025,953−2.3%
195028,0268.0%
196034,09321.6%
197037,79710.9%
198039,8875.5%
199040,3071.1%
200043,4457.8%
201044,4362.3%
2018 (est.)44,593[15]0.4%
US Decennial Census[16]
1790-1960[17] 1900-1990[18]
1990-2000[19] 2010-2013[1]

Notable People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Shelby County QuickFacts". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ The counties authorized on 31 December 1821 were Henry, Marion, Rush, and Shelby.
  4. ^ Shelby County Indiana History (1876), pp. 6-9 (accessed 14 August 2020)
  5. ^ Shelby County IN (Google Maps, accessed 14 August 2020)
  6. ^ Shelby County High Point, Indiana (PeakBagger.com, accessed 14 August 2020)
  7. ^ a b "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 12 February 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Shelbyville IN". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 27 January 2011.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 13 February 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 14 February 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 14 February 2020. Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  12. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". IN.gov. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
  13. ^ a b c Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2" (PDF). IN.gov. Retrieved 16 September 2008.
  14. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org.
  15. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 26, 2019.
  16. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  17. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  18. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.
  19. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved July 10, 2014.

Coordinates: 39°31′N 85°47′W / 39.52°N 85.79°W / 39.52; -85.79