Sheldon Cohen (born October 11, 1947) is the Robert E. Doherty University Professor of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University. He is the director of the Laboratory for the Study of Stress, Immunity and Disease. He is a member of the Department of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon and Adjunct Professor of Psychiatry and of Pathology at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine.
Cohen received a Bachelor of Philosophy degree from Monteith College, Wayne State University (Detroit, MI) in 1969 and a Ph.D. in Psychology from New York University in 1973. He was Assistant to Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of Oregon from 1973 through 1982, and has been a Professor of Psychology at Carnegie Mellon University (Pittsburgh, PA) since 1982. He was named the Robert E. Doherty Professor of Psychology in 2003. Since 1990 he has also been an Adjunct Professor of Pathology and Psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine as well as a member of the Pittsburgh Cancer Institute; from 1999 to 2010 he served as a member of the Executive Board of the National Institutes of Health Pittsburgh Mind-Body Center. In 1992 he served as the interim director of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute's Behavioral Medicine Program and was the co-director of Pittsburgh's Brain Behavior and Immunity Center from 1990-1999. He was also a member of the core groups of the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation Research Network on Socioeconomic Status and Health and of the Fetzer Institute's Working Group on Psychosocial Factors in Asthma, and served as chair of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation's Planning Group on Social Connectedness and Health.
Cohen was elected to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of Science in 2004. He is the recipient of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology (2004), the American Psychological Society's (Now Association for Psychological Science) James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award for Outstanding Lifetime Contribution to Research in Applied Psychology (2002), the American Psychological Association's (Division 38) Award for Outstanding Contributions to Health Psychology as a Junior (1987) and Senior (2008) Investigator, the American Psychosomatic Society's Patricia R. Barchas Award for Significant Contributions to the Study of the Impact of Social Behavior on Physiology (2006). He has received the National Institute of Mental Health's Research Scientist Development (1987–1997), and Senior Scientist Awards (1997–2002). He was an American Psychological Association Distinguished Lecturer, and a British Psychological Association Senior Fellow Lecturer. His paper entitled "Social Support, Stress and the Buffering Hypothesis" was named a Current Contents Citation Classic; in 2003 he was named one of Science's Most Cited Authors by the Institute for Scientific Information.
Cohen's work focuses on the roles of stress, emotions, social support systems and personality in health and well-being. He published pioneering theoretical and empirical work on the effects of aircraft noise on health and development of schoolchildren, and on the roles of stress and social networks in physical and mental health. With colleagues he has developed a number of scales assessing psychological and social variables including the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Interpersonal Support Evaluation Scale (ISEL), the Social Network Index (SNI), the Partner Interaction Questionnaire (PIQ) and the Cohen-Hoberman Inventory of Physical Symptoms (CHIPS). Over the last 30 years he has studied the effects of psychological stress, social support, and social status on immunity and susceptibility to infectious disease. This work attempts to identify the neuroendocrine, immune, and behavioral pathways that link stress, personality, and social networks to disease susceptibility. He is also involved in studies of the effects of psychosocial factors on the onset and progression of asthma, and on the effectiveness of social support interventions in facilitating psychological adjustment and disease progression in women with breast cancer. His current work focuses on how interpersonal dispositions and behaviors influence immunity, host resistance to infectious disease, and on identifying biological pathways linking stress to disease. His research has been published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the Journal of the American Medical Association, the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, and the American Journal of Public Health in addition to other medical, public health, and sociology journals as well as in numerous psychology journals.
Awards and memberships
- 1987: American Psychological Association's (Division 38) Junior Investigator Award for Outstanding Contributions to Health Psychology
- 2002: American Psychological Society's (Now Association for Psychological Science) James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award for Outstanding Lifetime Contribution to Research in Applied Psychology 
- 2003: Highly Cited Author, ISI (Institute for Scientific Information)
- 2004: Elected to IOM (Institute of Medicine)
- 2004: American Psychological Association, Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions to Psychology 
- 2006: American Psychosomatic Society's Patricia R. Barchas Award for Significant Contributions to the Study of the Impact of Social Behavior on Physiology
- 2008: American Psychological Association's (Division 38) Senior Investigator Award for Outstanding Contributions to Health Psychology
- 1996-2010: Member, Core Group John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, Network on Social Economic (Socioeconomic) Status and Health.
- 2014: Named one of the 100 Extremely Eminent Psychologists of the Modern Era
- Cohen, S; Wills TA (September 1985). "Stress, social support, and the buffering hypothesis". Psychological Bulletin. 98 (2): 310–357. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.98.2.310. PMID 3901065.
- O'Neil, John (July 29, 2003). "VITAL SIGNS: TESTING; Right Attitudes Keep Colds at Bay". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Bails, Jennifer (April 2008). "Stressed Out". Carnegie Mellon Today. 5 (2). Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- Cohen, S., & Syme, S. L. (Eds.) (1985). Social support and health. New York: Academic Press.
- Pressman, SD; Cohen S (November 2005). "Does positive affect influence health?". Psychological Bulletin. 131 (6): 925–971. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.131.6.925. PMID 16351329.
- Cohen, S., Evans, G. W., Krantz, D. S., & Stokols, D. (1986). Behavior, health and environmental stress. New York: Plenum.
- Cohen, S; Evans GW; Krantz DS; Stokols D (March 1980). "Physiological, motivational, and cognitive effects of aircraft noise on children: moving from the laboratory to the field". American Psychologist. 35 (3): 231–243. doi:10.1037/0003-066x.35.3.231. PMID 7377650.
- Brody, Jane (November 16, 1982). "Noise Poses a Growing Threat, Affecting Hearing and Behavior". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Gilbert, Susan (June 25, 1997). "Social Ties Reduce Risk of a Cold". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Gilbert, Susan (June 29, 1997). "Make a Friend and Fight a Cold". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Cohen, S (1988). "Psychosocial models of the role of social support in the etiology of physical disease". Health Psychology. 7 (3): 269–297. doi:10.1037/0278-6184.108.40.2069. PMID 3289916.
- Cohen, S (November 2004). "Social relationships and health". American Psychologist. 59 (8): 676–684. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.676. PMID 15554821.
- Cohen, S; Janicki-Deverts D (July 1, 2009). "Can We Improve Our Physical Health by Altering Our Social Networks?". Perspectives on Psychological Science. 4 (4): 375–378. doi:10.1111/j.1745-6924.2009.01141.x. PMC 2744289. PMID 20161087.
- Goleman, Daniel (December 15, 1992). "New Light on How Stress Erodes Health". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Cohen, S., Underwood, L., & Gottlieb, B (Eds.) (2000). Social support measurement and interventions: A guide for health and social scientists. New York: Oxford.
- Cohen, S., Kessler, R. C., & Underwood Gordon, L. (Eds.) (1995). Measuring stress: A guide for health and social scientists. New York: Oxford.
- Raube, Shilo. "The Impact of the Gulf Oil Spill on Long-Term Health". H&SS News. Carnegie Mellon University, College of Humanities & Social Sciences. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Pedersen, A; Zachariae R; Bovbjerg DH (October 2010). "Influence of Psychological Stress on Upper Respiratory Infection—A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Studies". Psychosomatic Medicine. 72 (8): 823–832. doi:10.1097/PSY.0b013e3181f1d003. PMID 20716708.
- Brody, Jane (August 29, 1991). "To Avoid Catching a Cold, Don't Worry About It". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Brody, Jane (May 12, 1998). "A Cold Fact: High Stress Can Make You Sick". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Parker-Pope, Tara (October 12, 2007). "Giving Stress More Respect". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Ramirez, Anthony (December 15, 1996). "You Were Right in Saying Some People Make You Sick". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Cohen, S; Williamson GM (January 1991). "Stress and infectious disease in humans". Psychological Bulletin. 109 (1): 5–24. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.109.1.5. PMID 2006229.
- Adler, NE; Boyce T; Chesney MA; Cohen S; Folkman S; Kahn RL; Syme SL (January 1994). "Socioeconomic status and health. The challenge of the gradient". American Psychologist. 49 (1): 15–24. doi:10.1037/0003-066x.49.1.15. PMID 8122813.
- Adler, Jerry; Kalb C; Rogers A (June 14, 1999). "Stress". Newsweek. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Weiss, Rick (January 11, 1994). "Linking Physical and Emotional Health; Researchers Share Ideas on How the Mind Affects the Body's Immune System". The Washington Post. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Brody, Jane (October 20, 1993). "Alcohol and Cold Risk". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Associated Press (January 13, 2009). "Preventing colds may be as easy as vitamin ZZZ". Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- CBS News; Associated Press (January 12, 2009). "Poor sleep increases risk of getting sick". Archived from the original on 3 October 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Fiedler, Julie (January 15, 2009). "Want to Avoid a Cold? Sleep". NBC Philadelphia. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Hitti, Miranda (November 10, 2006). "Study: Happiness Is Good For Health: Research Shows Happy People Resist Colds And Flu Better Than Others". WebMD. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Cohen, Jamie (July 22, 2006). "Happy People More Immune to Common Cold: New Study Shows Happiness Fights the Common Cold". ABC News. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Snyderman, Nancy (March 6, 2007). "Is happiness more than a state of mind? Science suggests it's also a matter of health". NBC News. Retrieved 29 March 2011.
- Bakalar, Nicholas (January 12, 2009). "Vital Signs: Patterns: Trying to Avoid a Cold? Go Back to Bed". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 March 2011.
- Herbert, TB; Cohen S (May 1993). "Depression and immunity: a meta-analytic review". Psychological Bulletin. 113 (3): 472–486. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.113.3.472. PMID 8316610.
- Cohen, S; Doyle WJ; Alper CM; Janicki-Deverts D; Turner RB (January 12, 2009). "Sleep habits and susceptibility to the common cold". Archives of Internal Medicine. 169 (1): 62–67. doi:10.1001/archinternmed.2008.505. PMC 2629403. PMID 19139325.
- Cohen, S; Doyle WJ; Turner R; Alper CM; Skoner DP (September 2003). "Sociability and susceptibility to the common cold". Psychological Science. 14 (5): 389–395. doi:10.1111/1467-9280.01452. PMID 12930466.
- Cohen, S; Janicki-Deverts D; Turner RB; Casselbrant ML; Li-Korotky H; Epel ES; Doyle WJ (February 20, 2013). "Association between telomere length and experimentally induced upper respiratory viral infection in healthy adults". Journal of the American Medical Association. 309 (7): 699–705. doi:10.1001/jama.2013.613. PMC 3786437. PMID 23423415.
- Cohen, S; Janicki-Deverts D; Doyle WJ; Miller GE; Frank E; Rabin BS; Turner RB (April 17, 2012). "Chronic stress, glucocorticoid receptor resistance, inflammation, and disease risk". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 109 (16): 5995–5999. doi:10.1073/pnas.1118355109. PMC 3341031. PMID 22474371.
- Cohen, S; Tyrrell DA; Smith AP (August 1991). "Psychological stress and susceptibility to the common cold". New England Journal of Medicine. 325 (9): 606–612. doi:10.1056/NEJM199108293250903. PMID 1713648.
- Cohen, S; Doyle WJ; Skoner DP; Rabin BS; Gwaltney JM Jr (June 25, 1997). "Social ties and susceptibility to the common cold". Journal of the American Medical Association. 277 (24): 1940–1944. doi:10.1001/jama.277.24.1940. PMID 9200634.
- Glaser, R; Rabin B; Chesney M; Cohen S; Natelson B (June 23–30). "Stress-induced immunomodulation: implications for infectious diseases?". Journal of the American Medical Association. 281 (24): 2268–2270. doi:10.1001/jama.281.24.2268. PMID 10386538. Check date values in:
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- Cohen, S; Janicki-Deverts D; Miller GE (October 10, 2007). "Psychological stress and disease". Journal of the American Medical Association. 298 (14): 1685–1687. doi:10.1001/jama.298.14.1685. PMID 17925521.
- Cohen, S; Rabin BS (January 1998). "Psychologic stress, immunity, and cancer". Journal of the National Cancer Institute. 90 (1): 3–4. doi:10.1093/jnci/90.1.3. PMID 9428772.
- Cohen, S; Tyrrell DA; Russell MA; Jarvis MJ; Smith AP (September 1993). "Smoking, alcohol consumption, and susceptibility to the common cold". American Journal of Public Health. 83 (9): 1277–1283. doi:10.2105/AJPH.83.9.1277. PMC 1694990. PMID 8363004.
- Cohen, S; Lichtenstein E; Prochaska JO; Rossi JS; Gritz ER; Carr CR; Orleans CT; Schoenbach VJ; Biener L; Abrams D (November 1989). "Debunking myths about self-quitting. Evidence from 10 prospective studies of persons who attempt to quit smoking by themselves". American Psychologist. 44 (11): 1355–1365. doi:10.1037/0003-066x.44.11.1355. PMID 2589730.
- "Sheldon Cohen: award for distinguished scientific contributions". American Psychologist. 59 (8): 673–675. November 2004. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.59.8.673a. PMID 15554820.
- "An incomplete list of eminent psychologists of the modern era". Archives of Scientific Psychology. 2 (1): 20–31. August 2014. doi:10.1037/arc0000006.