Sheldwich

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Sheldwich
Jesmondene Oast, Newhouse Lane, Sheldwich, Kent - geograph.org.uk - 1450701.jpg
Jesmondene Oast, Sheldwich
Village Hall, Sheldwich, Kent, UK.jpg
Village hall
Sheldwich is located in Kent
Sheldwich
Sheldwich
 Sheldwich shown within Kent
OS grid reference TR010567
Civil parish Sheldwich, Badlesmere & Leaveland
District Swale
Shire county Kent
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Faversham
Dialling code 01795, 01227 & 01233
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Faversham and Mid Kent
List of places
UK
England
Kent

Coordinates: 51°16′31″N 0°52′54″E / 51.2754°N 0.8817°E / 51.2754; 0.8817

Sheldwich is a village and civil parish in the Borough of Swale in Kent, England.

Geography[edit]

Sheldwich is situated 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the market town of Faversham, 10 miles (16 km) north of Ashford and 10 miles west of Canterbury via the M2 and A2. It is fragmented into five parts, with North Street a distinct settlement on the A251, Sheldwich (including the Church and school) scattered further south on or close to the main road, Sheldwich Lees, a small village in its own right lying 0.5 miles (0.80 km) from the junction of Lees Court Road and the Ashford Road (A251), and the hamlets of Gosmere and Copton[1] to the north. Other than North Street, Copton and part of Gosmere, the remainder of the parish lies within the Kent Downs, (the eastern part of the North Downs), a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The population of the parish in the 2001 census was 522. The village name of Sheldwich is unique within the United Kingdom.

Governance[edit]

Sheldwich in elections every four years elects one representative to Kent County Council, this is currently:

Election Member[2] Ward
2013 Andrew Bowles (C) Swale East

Sheldwich elects two representatives to Swale Borough Council, currently:

Election Member[3] Ward
2015 George Bobbin (C) Boughton and Courtenay
2015 Andrew Bowles (C) Boughton and Courtenay

There is also the parish council with delegated responsibilities, such as for trees, litter, parks, some local leisure activities and a planning advisory role.

Lees Court[edit]

South east of the village of Sheldwich Lees is Lees Court, architecturally of the highest grade, Grade I, a fully restored country house forming a central row with its Dairy Court, Estate House listed as Grade II, courtyard, stable yard in its listed parkland and grounds.[4][5][6][7] Lees Court was the country seat for many years of the Right Honourable Earl Sondes. Destroyed entirely by fire in 1910 it was painstakingly rebuilt. The house and outbuildings are now converted into private residences. The gardens and grounds remain carefully maintained.

History[edit]

In antient charters it was called 'Schyldwic'.[8] In 784, it was given this name by Ealhmund of Kent, to Abbot Wetrede and his convent of 'Raculf Cestre', or Reculver. During King Edward I's reign (1239–1307), it passed to the family of Atte-Lese, which included the Manor of Sheldwich. This then became the Manor of Leescourt due to the name of the Atte-lese family mansion.[8]

In 1367, Sir Richard At-Lese (MP) was an owner of the manor, he was later Sheriff of Kent. He died in 1394.[8] In King James I's reign, Sir Richard Sondes became the owner and his son Sir George Sondes destroyed a large section of the manor house. After Sir George, Marquis of Blanquefort inherited the manor. It then stayed under his family control until 1798.[8]

The village church, parts of which are eleventh century, listed as Grade II*, is dedicated to St. James. It was extended and extensively restored in 1888.[9]

The village features its manor house, rebuilt almost entirely,[10] lying close to woodland known as Church Plantation. It is near to Grade II* listed Throwley House.[11]

Because of the small scattered population (522 according to the 2001 census) the civil parish is joined with those of two smaller neighbouring villages. It is known as Sheldwich, Badlesmere and Leaveland. As most of the parish lies within the Kent Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty Planning laws are tight with very little new development permitted since its establishment in the mid-1960s.

The following are listed structures within the Parish:

Throwley House (Grade II* )[12]
Church of St James (Grade II* )[13]
Lees Court (Grade I)[14]
Yew Tree Cottage[15]
Bier House 30 m SE of Church of St James[16]
The Manor House[17]
Dairy Court, Estate House And Courtyard, Lees Court[18]
Yew Tree Cottage[19]
Stocks Cottages [20]
Barn, now converted to residence. 10 m E of The Stocks[21]
Three Chest Tombs about 10 m S of Chancel of Church of St James[22]
Colbrahamsole Farmhouse and Garden Wall[23]
Gates about 5 m E of the Gate House (T.R. 016559)[24]
Chambers Cottage[25]
West End[26]
The Old School and Old School House[27]
Lords Cottages[28]
Stable Yard[29]
The White House[30]
The Old Post Office and adjoining Post Office Cottage[31]
The Old Bakery[32]
Meadow Cottage[33]
The Old Cottage[34]
Stable Block About 10 m N of Throwley House[35]
Little Lords[36]
Lees Court[37]

Economy[edit]

There are several listed oast houses, some now residential, such as those pictured and Gosmere Oast.[38] The area is almost wholly agricultural with a particularly fine herd of cattle at Badlesmere Court Farm and some sheep.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Transfer of part of Preston and all of Copton to the parish". Faversham Town Society website. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Kent County Councillors. Retrieved 2012-04-30
  3. ^ "Councillors for the borough". Swale Borough Council. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  4. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1054075)". National Heritage List for England. 
  5. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1298858)". National Heritage List for England. 
  6. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1363416)". National Heritage List for England. 
  7. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000388)". National Heritage List for England. 
  8. ^ a b c d Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent (Institute of Historical Research) 6: 481–498. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  9. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029535)". National Heritage List for England. 
  10. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1051678)". National Heritage List for England. 
  11. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1344050)". National Heritage List for England. 
  12. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1344050)". National Heritage List for England. 
  13. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1049130)". National Heritage List for England. 
  14. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1363416)". National Heritage List for England. 
  15. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1040074)". National Heritage List for England. 
  16. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1049036)". National Heritage List for England. 
  17. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1051678)". National Heritage List for England. 
  18. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1054075)". National Heritage List for England. 
  19. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069082)". National Heritage List for England. 
  20. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069083)". National Heritage List for England. 
  21. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069084)". National Heritage List for England. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069085)". National Heritage List for England. 
  23. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069086)". National Heritage List for England. 
  24. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069897)". National Heritage List for England. 
  25. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069938)". National Heritage List for England. 
  26. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069939)". National Heritage List for England. 
  27. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1069940)". National Heritage List for England. 
  28. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1270399)". National Heritage List for England. 
  29. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1298858)". National Heritage List for England. 
  30. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1363420)". National Heritage List for England. 
  31. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1363441)". National Heritage List for England. 
  32. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1372009)". National Heritage List for England. 
  33. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1372014)". National Heritage List for England. 
  34. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1372047)". National Heritage List for England. 
  35. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1372876)". National Heritage List for England. 
  36. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1372880)". National Heritage List for England. 
  37. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1000388)". National Heritage List for England. 
  38. ^ Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1363419)". National Heritage List for England. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Sheldwich at Wikimedia Commons