The Shelley Memorial is a memorial to the English poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822) at University College, Oxford, England, the college that he briefly attended and from which he was expelled for writing a pamphlet on The Necessity of Atheism.
Although Shelley was expelled from the college, he remains one of its most famous alumni and is now held in high honour there. In 2005, the college acquired some of Shelley's letters to further enhance its connection with the poet.
The memorial consists of a white marble sculpture of a reclining nude and dead Shelley washed up on the shore at Viareggio in Italy after his drowning, sculpted by Edward Onslow Ford, associated with the New Sculpture movement. It is housed on a decorative plinth in a small domed late Victorian room designed by Basil Champneys, behind ornamental railings that protect it from students.
The statue was commissioned by Shelley's daughter-in-law, Lady Shelley. It was originally intended to be located in the Protestant Cemetery in Rome where Shelley is buried, at the request of adventurer Edward John Trelawney, a friend of Shelley. Trelawney wanted to have a monument of the poet next to his own. However, Trelawney's descendants thought that Ford's statue was too large and thus did not consent to his wishes. Eventually the statue ended up at University College, donated by Lady Shelley, with a formal opening ceremony on 14 June 1893. Among others, Lady Shelley, Onslow Ford, Champneys and Benjamin Jowett were present at the opening ceremony.
The memorial has been the victim of a number of pranks over the years. The college's chemistry don, E. J. Bowen, had to clean paint off the statue, for example. The room in which it is housed has also been flooded and infested with goldfish. The statue was a key element in the meeting of two main characters in the 1997 movie The Saint, starring Val Kilmer and Elisabeth Shue, and also features in an episode of the British TV drama, Lewis.
The Shelley Memorial is on the site where the scientists Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke performed experiments while they were in Oxford, previously Cross Hall until the early 19th century. This is recorded for passers-by, on a plaque on the exterior wall of the memorial in the High Street, that reads:
- Keats-Shelley Memorial House, Rome, Italy
- Darwall-Smith, Robin (2008). A History of University College, Oxford. Oxford University Press. pp. 419–421. ISBN 978-0-19-928429-0.
- Haskell, Francis. "The Shelley Memorial." Oxford Art Journal, 1 (1978): 3–6.
- Darwall-Smith, R.H. "The Shelley Memorial," University College Record 12.4 (2000): 74–87.
- Shelley and Univ: 1810–1811. University College, Oxford, 20 June 1992. (Papers delivered by the Master and three Fellows of University College at a seminar to commemorate the bicentenary of Shelley's birth.)
- New Shelley letters acquired by University College and the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford Administration, 17 October 2005.
- Getsy, David. "'Hard realism': The thanatic corporeality of Edward Onslow Ford's Shelley Memorial." In Body Doubles: Sculpture in Britain, 1877–1905. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 2004, pp. 87–118. [earlier version in Visual Culture in Britain 3.1 (2002): 53-76.
- Templar Exemplar, Metroactive Movies.
- Robert Boyle and Robert Hooke, University College, Oxford.