Shelton, Shropshire

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Shelton water tower on the Severn Trent Water site.

Shelton is a suburb of Shrewsbury in Shropshire, England, described by the Pevsner Architectural Guides as "Shrewsbury's principal interwar suburb."[1]

It was once a village of its own, but the town of Shrewsbury has grown steadily in the area since the 1950s. It has a Church of England parish church, Christ Church (built 1854) which serves a parish formally known as Shelton and Oxon.

History[edit]

Possible Roman Road[edit]

The 1861 six-inch OS map [2] shows a footpath just south of the lunatic asylum as "site of Roman road". On later OS maps the marking was dropped from this location.

Domesday book[edit]

Shelton appears in the Domesday book as ‘Saltone’, with 4 households.[3]

The Shelton Oak[edit]

The Shelton Oak (see watercolour [4]) was a long lived oak tree which, by tradition, Owain Glyndŵr climbed to view the Battle of Shrewsbury in 1403.[5][6] An oak tree which died in the 1940s (see photograph [7]), and the remnants of which were removed for road widening in the 1950s, was said to be the Shelton Oak.

In the 1880s an acorn from the Shelton Oak was planted in the Dingle in The Quarry, the main park in Shrewsbury. Shropshire Council is to plant an acorn from that tree in the Mytton Oak Remembrance Park.[8]

A young oak tree located by the side of the modern junction, where the footpath from the end of Merlin Road emerges onto the main road, has a plaque at its base which reads:

Near this site once stood the Shelton Oak from which according to a tradition recorded in the late 18th century Owen Glyndŵr viewed the Battle of Shrewsbury on 31st July 1403. This tree was planted by the Mayor of Shrewsbury Councillor Mrs Jean Marsh on 27th January 1981 and was presented by Major W Manners MBE.

The Oak, Shelton (inn)[edit]

An inn called The Oak (see photograph[9]) formerly stood between the Mount and Shelton Road where the two roads meet. It was constructed in 1939 and demolished 60 years later.[10]

There is now a monument at the junction where the two roads meet, with a relief featuring the story of the Shelton Oak.

Vicarage[edit]

The modern day pub called Oxon Priory, belonging to the 'Hungry Horse' chain, occupies the listed former vicarage for Oxon and Shelton parish.[11]

Prince of Wales visits Rossall, 1806[edit]

On 9 September 1806 George, Prince of Wales stayed at Rossall just north of Shelton. The following morning he was attended by the mayor of Shrewsbury and others who conferred on His Royal Highness the freedom of the borough.[12]

Toll House[edit]

Following the Act of Union in 1801 there was a move to enable Irish MPs to make easier journeys to the House of Commons in London. Thomas Telford was Director of the Holyhead Road Commission between 1815 and 1830 and made many improvements to the Holyhead Road.

A Toll house was built by Telford in 1829 on the Holyhead Road at Shelton. It was situated at the junction with Featherbed Lane. To allow for road widening in the early 1970s, it was dismantled and re-erected at Blists Hill Victorian Town.[13]

Bypass[edit]

In 1933 the (now "old") Shrewsbury bypass was opened with Shelton at its western end. The section from Shelton to Porthill island is called Shelton Road. 1992 saw the opening of today's A5 bypass further out from Shrewsbury.

Shelton Hospital[edit]

Shelton Hospital was a hospital specialising in mental health, located in Shelton, Shrewsbury, close to the Royal Shrewsbury Hospital.

The hospital opened in 1845 as the Shropshire and Montgomery County Asylum with an official capacity of 60 patients although already, on opening, having 104. The hospital functioned throughout the 20th century, reaching its peak population in 1947, when the hospital had 1,027 patients.[14]

On February 26, 1968, tragedy struck the hospital when a fire ripped through a female ward, killing 21 patients.[15]

With the changing of the Mental Health Acts and treatments, the hospital slowly moved from a long stay hospital, to a more outpatient and care in the community based facility.[16]

Shelton Hospital closed in 2012 as services moved to the new £46m Shrewsbury Mental Health Village, called the Redwoods Centre, situated a little south of the old Shelton Hospital.[17]

The former hospital is a grade II listed building [18]

Severn Trent Water Site[edit]

Severn Trent Water has a major site on Welshpool Road in Shelton, consisting of offices and a water treatment works.[19]

Cricket[edit]

Shelton has a cricket club whose ground is adjacent to the former Shelton Hospital (see above), with which the club has strong historic associations.[16]

The team played in the Shropshire Premier Cricket League until the league was wound up after the 2011 season.[20]

In 2012 Shelton played in the Premier Division of the newly formed Shropshire County Cricket League but were relegated to Division One at the end of that season.[21]

In 2015 Shelton finished second in Division One, gaining promotion to the Premier Division and ending a spell of three years outside the top division.[22] However at the end of the 2016 season they finished bottom of the Premier Division and were relegated back to Division One for the 2017 season.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Newman, John; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006). Shropshire. Pevsner Architectural Guides: The Buildings of England (2nd ed.). ISBN 978-0-300-12083-7. 
  2. ^ 1861 six-inch OS map of Shelton
  3. ^ Opendomesday.org - Shropshire
  4. ^ darwincountry.org - Watercolour of the Shelton Oak
  5. ^ Chestofbooks.com - the Shelton Oak
  6. ^ The History and Antiquities of Shrewsbury: From Its First Foundation to the Present Time, comprising a Recital of Occurrences and Remarkable Events, for Above Twelve Hundred Years, Volume 1 : Thomas Phillips, James Bowen, Charles Hulbert editor (1837)
  7. ^ darwincountry.org - photograph entitled The Shelton Oak
  8. ^ Shropshire Council - descendant of Shelton Oak at remembrance park
  9. ^ darwincountry.org - photograph of The Oak, Shelton (inn)
  10. ^ Trinder, Barrie "Beyond the Bridges"
  11. ^ pub-explorer.com - Oxon Priory (pub)
  12. ^ The History and Antiquities of Shrewsbury: From Its First Foundation to the Present Time, comprising a Recital of Occurrences and Remarkable Events, for Above Twelve Hundred Years, Volume 1 : Thomas Phillips, James Bowen, Charles Hulbert editor (1837)
  13. ^ Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust
  14. ^ Shelton Hospital at thetimechamber.co.uk
  15. ^ BBC On This Day - 26 February 1968
  16. ^ a b Phil Gillam - Shelton Hospital shows how attitudes have changed
  17. ^ BBC - Redwoods mental health centre opens in Shrewsbury
  18. ^ BBC - Shelton Hospital memories sought as former asylum shuts
  19. ^ BBC - Severn Trent Water Works
  20. ^ "Over and out for Marston’s Shropshire Premier Cricket League". Shropshire Star. 28 November 2011. 
  21. ^ "Unofficial Shropshire cricket forum". 
  22. ^ "Delighted Shelton back in the Premier", Shrewsbury Chronicle, 24 September 2015
  23. ^ Shrewsbury Chronicle p102, 20 September 2016

Coordinates: 52°42′52″N 2°47′13″W / 52.71444°N 2.78694°W / 52.71444; -2.78694