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In Shia Islam, Shimr b. Dhi al-Jawshan[1] (Farsi: Shemr, Arabic: Shimr) is viewed as a villainous figure who was the paternal cousin of Umm ul-Banin and who is usually associated with the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad's grandson Hussein ibn Ali at the Battle of Karbala.[2][3] Shemr was the son of Zeljoshan who hailed from one of Arabia's tribes.[4] Shia traditions relate that Shimr was eventually killed by Mukhtar al-Thaqafi's troops who wished to take revenge upon Hussain and his family's killers [5] His body was then torn to pieces by wild dogs.[6]

Shemr is depicted in the passion plays during the Shia festival of Ashura.[7]

Political depictions[edit]

In January 2013, a huge propaganda poster was erected in Tehran, the capital city of Iran depicting Shemr standing next to U.S. President Barack Obama.[2][3]


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b Daniel Politi (20 January 2013). "Why is President Obama Depicted on a Huge Billboard in Tehran?". Slate magazine. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Iran's Obama billboard: what it really means". The Guardian. 20 January 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013. 
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ Jamshid Malekpour (2 Aug 2004). The Islamic Drama. Routledge. p. 38. ISBN 9781135756239. 
  7. ^ Burke, Edmund. Struggle and Survival in the Modern Middle East. University of California Press. p. 243. ISBN 978-0-520-24661-4.