Shen Jilan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Shen Jilan
申纪兰
Shen Jilan.jpg
Shen Jilan
Delegate to the National People's Congress
Assumed office
1954
ChairmanLiu ShaoqiZhu DeSong Qingling (acting)→Ye JianyingPeng ZhenWan LiQiao ShiLi PengWu BangguoZhang DejiangLi Zhanshu
Vice Chairwoman of the Standing Committee of the Changzhi People's Congress
In office
1983–1993
Director of the Shanxi Women's Federation
In office
1973–1983
Personal details
BornDecember 1929 (age 90)
Pingshun County, Shanxi, China
Political partyCommunist Party of China
Children3
ParentsSong Jinshui (father)
Wu Quanxiang (mother)
Shen Hengtai (stepfather)
OccupationPolitician
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese
Simplified Chinese

Shen Jilan (Chinese: 申纪兰; born December 1929) is a Chinese politician affiliated with the Communist Party of China and former farmer. She has held numerous governance positions and was elected to the 1st National People's Congress in 1954, and has been re-elected for all the subsequent sittings of the National People's Congress over the next 65 years, the only person to have done so. This has led to some commentators calling her the world's longest serving congresswoman.[1][2][3][4]

Biography[edit]

Shen was born in Pingshun County, Shanxi in December 1929. Her father Song Jinshui (宋进水) died early. In 1934 her mother Wu Quanxiang (武全香) remarried to Shen Hengtai (申恒泰), a doctor in Pingshun County.[5] Shen Jilan grew up in Pingshun County. In 1943 she responded to a call by Mao Zedong and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China to establish party organisation in Xigou village alongside Li Shunda. Together with other farming families she established a local agricultural labour mutual aid group and defence force and came to prominence within the party through the 1950s based on the success of this local cooperative.[6]

Shen Jilan in 1953

In 1952 she was encouraged by higher powers in the Communist party to widen the cooperative to cover 26 individual farms - the first production cooperative to be established in the People's Republic of China. On the establishment of this wider cooperative Jilan was elected deputy president. She established a working women's group to carry out agricultural work.[7]

In 1954, she proposed the addition of the equal pay for equal work clause in the first constitution of China to reduce gender pay gap, and her proposal was adopted.[2][3] She commented in a 2018 interview: "Men got 10 work points a day, but we only got a maximum of five points no matter how much work we did." To highlight the unfairness in this approach she organised a manuring contest between the male and female workers - with the female workers winning the contest.[8]

Four female representatives from Shanxi attended the first National People's Congress in 1954 (Shen far right)

In 1953 Shen joined the Communist Party of China and gained widespread media attention due to the success of the farming cooperative.[8] She was elected to the 1st National People's Congress in 1954 - one of four female representatives from Shanxi province. Of the 1,226 deputies to attend the first congress only 147 were women. She is the only person to have been elected to every session of the National People's Congress having been returned to the 13th National People's Congress in 2018.[8]

In 1973 she became director of the Shanxi Women's Federation, a position she held for ten years, before returning to her home village of Xigou in 1983. During this period China was establishing a market economy and Jilan established herself as an entrepreneur in the local economy. She helped establish a ferroalloy plant, walnut oil factory and cannery in the local area. She was also an integral part of a reforestation plan in Xigou.[8]

In 2008, she was chosen as an Olympic torch carrier as part of the buildup to the 2008 Summer Olympics. It was reported by local media that she donated 10,000 Chinese yuan to the 2008 Sichuan earthquake relief. In 2013 her calls for widespread internet regulation were met with controversy by younger people in China.[8] In 2019 she was awarded the highest order of honour in China, the Medal of the Republic.[9][10][11]

Personal life[edit]

Shen was married to Zhang Hailiang (张海亮), a veteran of the Korean War and later became director of Changzhi Municipal Urban Construction Bureau. The couple has one son and two daughters, in order of birth: Zhang Lizhen (张李珍; director in a military hospital in Handan), Zhang Jiangping (张江平; Party chief of Changzhi Municipal Food Bureau), and Zhang Jiang'e (张江娥; staff member of Changzhi Municipal Engineering Division).[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 人民日报撰文掌声送给申纪兰 称选民对其信任. Sina. Archived from the original on 11 March 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  2. ^ a b "89-year-old woman becomes China's only 13-time NPC deputy". People's Daily. Archived from the original on 9 March 2018. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Shen Jilan, the world's longest-serving congresswoman". China.org.cn. Archived from the original on 31 January 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  4. ^ "An army of 'yes-men': China's People's Congress". Deutsche Welle. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  5. ^ Wang Hongjing (王鸿谅) (9 October 2009). 申纪兰:“太阳底下晒的人”. Sina (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  6. ^ 李顺达——新中国第一代著名劳模. Sohu. 18 May 2015. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  7. ^ 长治市政协网-中国人民政治协商会议长治市委员会主办. Government of Changzhi. 31 October 2012. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Meet 89-year-old Shen, China's longest-serving lawmaker". China Daily. 12 March 2018. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  9. ^ (受权发布)中华人民共和国主席令(第三十四号). Xinhua. Archived from the original on 21 September 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  10. ^ "The heroes of China". The Telegraph. 10 September 2019. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  11. ^ "Shanxi Women's Federation Officials Visit Shen Jilan, China's Longest-Serving Legislator". All China Women's Federation. Archived from the original on 8 November 2019. Retrieved 8 November 2019.
  12. ^ 人大代表申纪兰多重符号:多家公司以其命名. Sina (in Chinese). 20 March 2012. Archived from the original on 13 November 2019. Retrieved 13 November 2019.