Shen Wei (simplified Chinese: 沈伟; traditional Chinese: 沈偉; pinyin: shěn wěi) is a Chinese-born American choreographer, visual artist, and director who resides in New York City. Widely recognized for his defining vision of an intercultural and interdisciplinary mode of movement-based performance, Shen Wei creates original works that employ an assortment of media elements, including dance, painting, sound, sculpture, theater and video. Frequently, critics have commented on his innovative blend of Asian and Western sensibilities, as well as his syncretic approach to performance art.
In 2000, he founded Shen Wei Dance Arts and became the Artistic Director of the contemporary dance company. The works he has created for the company is based on his own dance technique created over the past 12 years, a movement language he calls Natural Body Development. In recent years, Shen Wei has expanded his artistry to include large-scale multimedia works showcasing original art installations, and original video and animation material. Shen Wei's 13 major movement-based works has toured in 30 countries in 130 cities.
Shen Wei has been commissioned by the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics Opening Ceremony, the Park Avenue Armory, the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the Lincoln Center Festival in New York City, and the TeatroDell'Opera di Roma, as well as contemporary ballet companies such as Les Ballets de Monte-Carlo and Les Grands Ballets Canadiens de Montreal. For each new work he choreographs, Shen Wei typically designs all the visual elements including the sets, costumes and make-up, film projection and lighting as well. In addition to creating works for the proscenium, Shen Wei has also created works for fashion shows, art exhibition openings, and other cultural productions for international companies. In July 2008, he choreographed a fashion show at Paris Haute Couture for the label WUYONG, by the Chinese designer Ma Ke.
In 2004 Shen Wei received the Nijinsky Award for Emerging Choreographer and in 2007 he received the MacArthur Award.
- 1 China (1968–1994) early education and influences
- 2 New York City (1995–present)
- 3 Re-discovering the East through personal travel (2005–2009)
- 4 Multimedia, site-specific, installation performances (2010–2012)
- 5 Philosophy
- 6 Select works
- 7 Awards and distinctions
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
China (1968–1994) early education and influences
Family background and education in the arts
Shen (family name) Wei (give name) was born in 1968 in Hunan, China to an artist family during the Chinese Cultural Revolution. His father is a Chinese opera director, performer and calligrapher, and his mother is a theater producer. Both of Shen Wei's brothers are visual artists.
Shen Wei left home at the age of nine to study classical Chinese Opera at The Hunan Arts School (now: Hunan Vocational College of the Arts) for more than 6 years (1978–1984). His training included voice, dance and theater performance. At the same time he also self-taught Chinese Traditional Painting and calligraphy. From 1984 to 1989 Shen Wei was a member of the Hunan State Xian Opera Company, performing leading roles in the company.
Following China's reestablishment of diplomatic and economic ties to the West in the early 80's, Shen Wei began to study western classic oil painting techniques and styles of artists such as Michelangelo, da Vinci, Rembrandt, Cézanne, Modigliani, Francis Bacon and Lucian Michael Freud.
In 1989 he discovered a passion for modern dance and moved to Guangzhou to study at China's first modern dance education institution, the Guangzhou Modern Dance Academy. During his two years at the academy he was taught by master teachers such as Ross Parks and David Hochoy from the Martha Graham Dance Company, Betty Jones and Fritz Ludin from the Jose Limon Dance Company, Claudia Gitelman from Alwin Nikolais Dance Company, and Liz Walton from the Paul Taylor Dance Company. The program was jointly supported by the American Dance Festival and the Asian Cultural Council. In 1991, Shen Wei became one of the founding members of the China's first modern dance company, the Guangdong Modern Dance Company, choreographing and dancing with the company until 1994.
Shen Wei's early work is influenced by multiple disciplines within traditional Chinese and Western art. During the early 90's he created 10 dance works for the Guangdong Modern Dance Company and many oil paintings. "Still Child", "Racing With The Sun", "Colored Relations" and "Insomnia" became part of the repertory of the company during this time.
Additionally, he is the one of China's first underground experimental performing artists. In 1994 he created his one-man, experimental multi-media show "Small Room", which toured in Guangzhou, Beijing, and Hong Kong, and which catapulted him into the public eye. In 1994 he was awarded the First Prize in both Choreography and Performance at the National Modern Dance Competition in China.
New York City (1995–present)
Early New York life and work (1995–1999)
After receiving a three-month scholarship from the Nikolais/Louis Dance Lab, Shen Wei moved to New York City on Jan 15, 1995 and began his 5 years of artistic experimentation in New York City. During this time he expanded his artistic knowledge, studying artists such as Andrei Tarkovsky, Federico Fellini, Mark Rothko, Henri Cartier-Bresson, Igor Stravinsky, and Steve Reich. In dance, he explored release techniques from which he began to develop his own movement language.
Shen Wei also performed for Murray Louis and was part of four of Martha Clarke's productions. Additionally, he began creating works for the American Dance Festival and Alvin Ailey II. In 1997, Cloud Gate Dance Theater toured his revised version of "The Bed" commissioned by American Dance Festival in 1995. He also toured his one-man show "Small Room" at The Palace Theater in London, The Asia Society in NYC and Hollins College in VA.
Dance and visual work in conjunction with minimalism and surrealism (1999–2001)
After 5 years of living in New York, Shen Wei began to develop a style of movement that has been described as "enigmatic" and "dream-like", and which is exemplified by "Folding" (2000), "Near The Terrace, Part I & II" (2000–2001) "Behind Resonance" (2001). According to Anna Kisselgoff, in these early pieces, the surrealist aesthetic emerges as a result of a disruption in what Shen Wei calls, "natural elements," such as regular breathing cycles, which affects the quality of movement in dancers. Folding and Near the Terrace have also been described as "kinetic tableus,"; the entire dance space characterized by swathes of color and sculptural movement. In 2000 after his premiere of "Near The Terrace" at the American Dance Festival (19) he formed his New York-based company, Shen Wei Dance Arts, which went on to tour at the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts, and the Switzerland Steps Festival in 2002.
Use of abstraction in choreography, music, and visual arts (2003–2005)
In 2003, Shen Wei reinterpreted Stravinsky's "Rite Of Spring", creating a piece that is accompanied by Fazil Say's fourhanded piano version of the Stravinsky's score. Divorcing itself from any narrative element, the "stripped-to-the-bone abstraction" places emphasis on the structural power in the music, dance and visual setting. The piece had its New York debut at the Lincoln Center Festival in 2003. Shen Wei and his company also made their Australian debut at the 2005 Sydney Festival with Folding and Rite of Spring at the Sydney Opera House.
Shen Wei's "Connect Transfer" uses music by Iannis Xenakis, Kevin Volans and Gyorgy Ligeti. The work explores "internal and external body movements, as well as energy transitions," and is a synthesis of music, dance, painting, and sculpture.
"Map" is a musically inspired piece created with Steve Reich's, The Desert Music, and is accompanied with visual designs from Shen Wei's rehearsal sketches of choreographic and music arrangement structures. The work investigates new ways of moving and has a basis in Shen Wei's Natural Body Development technique.
Abstraction in painting
Shen Wei's study of abstract expressionism is also evident in his visual artworks. Chris Mao, in Movements, writes, "Not concerned with visual impact, [Shen Wei] focused on the energy of his movements, using different kinds of brushes to convey different kinds of movements." "Energies" and "flows" are explored on canvas as a response to auditory stimulus. This particular kind of abstraction, according to Kisselgoff, is to be distinguished from American action painting, since it does not utilize the abstract expressionist techniques of dripping or throwing paint onto canvas. Solo exhibitions of Shen Wei's movement paintings took place in 2005 and 2007.
Re-discovering the East through personal travel (2005–2009)
Between 2005 and 2009 Shen Wei embarked on a personal journey, spending time in China (2004), Cambodia, (2005), Tibet (2005, 2006), and on China's Silk Road (2007). In 2007, he returned to Beijing in order to help direct and choreograph the 2008 Olympic Opening Ceremonies.
In the midst of this period of travel, Shen Wei produced Second Visit of the Empress, a hybrid creation that overtly fuses traditional Chinese Opera and Theater with western modern dance. This large-scale production, which is a reinvention of a traditional Chinese opera narrative, consists of four Chinese Opera Singers, sixteen Chinese Musician and fourteen American contemporary dancers. The opera melds polarities, placing narrative and abstractive, traditional and contemporary, as well as Eastern and Western expressions within a single performance space.
Re-Triptych is a meditation of Shen Wei's travels in three parts. Re-I is inspired by spirituality in Tibet; Re-II is inspired by the history of Angkor Wat in Cambodia; and Re-III explores the imagery of the Silk Road and the mutual influencing of different cultures. The three works are based on cultural investigations—discovering different kinds of human lifestyles and social interactions. The piece integrates original movement with recordings of traditional folk music, multimedia imagery, and installation. Re-Triptych took over three years to complete (2006–2009).
Shen Wei is the director and choreographer of the opening segment "Scroll" at the 2008 Beijing Olympic Ceremony, which references his 2004 work "Connect Transfer". He was also a lead creative consultant for the planning of the Opening Ceremony.
Multimedia, site-specific, installation performances (2010–2012)
Shen Wei's more recent works step outside the boundaries of conventional concert dance. Since 2010, he has increasingly implemented other media forms in his work, a decision which represents Shen Wei's impression of today's technology saturated society as well as what art in future may look like. His work for Ballet Monte-Carlo, "7 to 8 and," the ADF commissioned "Limited States," and "The New You" produced by the Meadows Prize Project utilize film and live projections, sound installations, still life painting in addition to his own movement language. "The New You" also contains a theater component with a script written by Shen Wei.
Site-specificity has also been prevalent in Shen Wei's work since 2010. In October 2010, his company presented a series of public performances in various locations throughout New York City. The vignettes consisted of excerpts from Re-(III), each of which were adapted for the specific urban space, which included Times Square, Wall Street, Union Square, a New York City Subway station under 42nd Street, and many others. Prior to this, Shen Wei created a site-specific response piece to Ernesto Neto's installation, Anthropodino, at the Park Avenue Armory in New York City. Dancers and audience members moved within the collective space of Neto's immersive sculpture.
In June 2011, Shen Wei Dance Arts performed Still Moving in the American Wing of the The Metropolitan Museum of Art. Commissioned by the Museum, Still Moving is, according to Shen Wei, about "creating a dialogue between the dancers and the gallery's sculptures, between past and present, between immobility and movement." The piece consists of three parts, Restaging: Near the Terrace, Transition, and Internal External #1, all contained within the Charles Englehard Court. It is the first site-specific performance in the history of the Metropolitan Museum.
On November 29, 2011, Shen Wei Dance Arts premiered "Undivided Divided", its largest production to date. Commissioned by the Park Avenue Armory, the immersive, site-specific piece reconfigures traditional performer-audience relations so that audience members move and survey dance within the multimedia performance space. Amidst the performers and enveloped by sound and projections, audience members, in a sense, become part of the performance. The performance of Undivided Divided at Park Avenue Armory had over 30 dancers. It will be presented, as part of the company's rep, in museums and galleries.
New Commissions, Untitled No. 12, & Untitled Painting Series
In the summer of 2013, Shen Wei directed and choreographed a staging of Carl Orff's Carmina Burana. Created for and commissioned by Teatro di San Carlo in Naples, Italy, the production featured an orchestra of 100, a 100-member chorus, and 47 dancers. Critics from Arte e Arte and Teatro & Spettacolo hailed the work as an admirable synthesis of disparate cultural and media elements.
Shen Wei was also commissioned to choreograph a new work for the Dutch National Ballet in Amsterdam in celebration of the 100th anniversary of Stravinsky's Rite of Spring premiere. The work, titled Sacre du Printemps, premiered on June 15, 2013.
In June 2014, Shen Wei exhibited part of a new series of paintings, Untitled, at the Crow Collection of Asian Art in Dallas. A full exhibition of the new painting series opened at Miami Dade College Museum of Art + Design in December during the Art Basel festival and was accompanied by Shen Wei Dance Arts site-specific performances of Untitled No. 12 - 1. Both the exhibition and the performance event received extensive media coverage as one of the must-sees of the festival.
Shen Wei's latest work for the proscenium, Untitled No. 12 - 2, commissioned by American Dance Festival, Spoleto Festival USA, and Brookln Academy of Arts, draws inspiration from the paintings and Untitled No. 12 - 1. The work utilizes projections and a metronome sound scape designed by Shen Wei and played live by the dancers.
Shen Wei considers himself an artist that is fascinated with the human body. In an interview with Zinta Lundborg of Bloomberg (2011), Shen Wei stated, "Dancers should show expression through their body movement. They're not actors." His "Natural Body Development" technique takes a holistic approach to dance, integrating breath-work with proprioception, visual focus, weight, and gravity. For Shen Wei, movement can be initiated by chi or breath. This idea is further guided by his philosophies of internal and external energies and how the two are mutually affecting, constantly generating and generated by the physical body. As such, Shen Wei argues against dualist philosophies, believing dancers should "develop their minds as much as their bodies." He states, "I don't use dancers to copy some movement – human beings are not just puppets. A dancer has to have a really open mind, and be willing to take a risk."
In his choreographic process, Shen Wei also employs structured improvisation, allowing dancers to use their intuitions to create novel movement assemblages. His seminal work, Rite of Spring, contains a series of carefully guided improvisations that result in a "set structure with a balance between movement exactitude and movement intuition."
Shen Wei has stated that his number one goal when making art is "inspire other human beings". He has proclaimed, "When you're an artist and you're creating new works you have to have passion because you want to make it the best that you can. You want to make it as clear as you can and you want to do things you've never done before. You want to make things that have never existed before, you want to make new things; you don't want to repeat yourself. At the same time you want people to feel these things are new, make them communicate, become part of the culture and to inspire other human beings – this is my number one goal when I make new work. That's the pressure."
Near the Terrace-Part I (2001)
Behind Resonance (2001)
- World Premiere: SUNY Purchase
- Choreography, Set and Costume Design: Shen Wei
- Music: David Lang
- Lighting: David Ferri and Shen Wei
Near the Terrace-Part II (2002)
Rite of Spring (2003)
Exhibition-Solo Painting Exhibition (2003)
- A series of Paintings created in conjunction with his abstracted Rite of Spring were first exhibited as part of the company's New York City debut at the Lincoln Center Festival in 2003
Connect Transfer (2004)
- World Premiere: Lincoln Center Festival
- Concept, Choreography, Costumes, Set Design: Shen Wei
- Music: Steve Reich
- Lighting: David Scott Bolman
The Second Visit To the Empress (2005, 2007)
Exhibition-Solo Painting Exhibition (2005)
- Hong Kong New Vision Arts Festival with Chambers Fine Arts in New York 2005
Re-Part I (2006)
Re-Part II (2007)
Exhibition-Solo Painting Exhibition (2007)
- Chambers Fine Arts in New York 2007
Fashion Show at Paris Haute Couture-WUYONG, by the Chinese designer Ma Ke (2007)
- Direction, Choreography and Co-installation design for 40 performing artists at the Palais Royale in Paris: Shen Wei
The Beijing Olympic Opening Ceremony "Scroll" Segment 2008
- Direction and Choreography: Shen Wei
- Original Score: Chen Qi-Gung
- General Director of the Opening Ceremony: Zhang Yimou
Re-Part III (2009)
7 to 8 and (2010)
- World Premiere: Les Ballets de Monte-Carlo
- Choreography and visual and projection design: Shen Wei
- Original Score: Dirk Haubrich
NYC Guerilla-Site Specific Work (2010)
Still Moving (2011)
Limited States (2011)
Undivided Divided (2011)
Exhibition-Solo Exhibition and Installation Performance (2012)
- Mana Contemporary in New Jersey, USA. March 11 – June 11, 2012
The New You (2012)
- World Premiere: The Meadows School of the Arts at Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX
- Concept, Direction, Choreography and Visual Design: Shen Wei
Carmina Burana (2013)
- World Premiere: Teatro San Carlo, Napoli, Italy
- Concept, Choreography, and Direction: Shen Wei
- Program Carl Orff: Carmina Burana / Anonymous, Four Cantiones profanae (orchestrated by Jordi Bernácer)
- Director of Music: Jordi Bernácer
- Chorus Master: Salvatore Caputo
- Director of Ballet: Alessandra Panzavolta
- Director of Children's Choir: Stefania Rinaldi
- Sets and costumes: Shen Wei
- Angela Nisi, soprano; Valdis Jansons, baritone; Ilham Nazarov, countertenor
- Soloists from Shen Wei Dance Arts: Cecily Campbell, Cynthia Koppe, Evan Copeland, Alex Dean Speedie
- Orchestra, Choir, Ballet and Children's Choir of the Teatro di San Carlo
Sacre Du Printemps (2013)
- World Premiere: The Amsterdam Music Theatre
- Commissioned and Performed by: Dutch National Ballet
- Choreography, Set, and Costumes: Shen Wei
- Music: Igor Stravinsky, Le Sacre du Printemps
- Accompaniment: Holland Symfonia conducted by Matthew Rowe
Untitled No. 12 - 1
- Concept, Choreography, Costumes: Shen Wei
- Sound Design: Metronome Collage by Shen Wei, played live by dancers
- Performed alongside painting exhibition, Black, White, and Gray, at Miami Dade College Museum of Art + Design
Untitled No 12 - 2
- Concept, Choreography, Direction, Set and Costumes: Shen Wei
- Music: Echoes from the Gorge, Chou Wen-chung
- Sound Design: Metronome Collage by Shen Wei, played live by dancers
- Lighting Design: Christina Watanabe-Jensen
- Projection Images: Selections from Black, White, and Gray painting series by Shen Wei
- Projection Realization: Rocco DiSanti
- Commission: Spoleto Festival USA, American Dance Festival, Brooklyn Academy of Music
Awards and distinctions
- New York City Center Artist-in-Residence Fellow (2012)
- Artist to Artist Award for Exceptional Merit in Contribution to the Arts (2011)
- Park Avenue Armory Artist-in-Residence Fellow (2011)
- Algur H. Meadows Prize (2010)
- Asian American Arts Alliance Award (2010)
- Young Global Leader Honoree, World Economic Forum (2009)
- MacArthur Foundation Fellow (2007)
- US Artist Fellow (2007)
- The John F. Kennedy Performing arts Center Five Years Artist in Residency (2007–2013)
- Les Etoiles de Ballet at the Palais des Festival (2006)
- Helpmann Awards for Performing Arts in Australia: Best Ballet or Dance Work (2005)
- Nijinsky Award for Emerging Choreographer (2004)
- Guggenheim Fellow (2001)
- New York Foundation for the Arts Fellowship (2000)
- Asian Cultural Council Fellowship (1995)
- First Prize at the National Modern Dance Competition, China (1994)
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