Shenfield railway station

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Shenfield Elizabeth line National Rail
Unit 345007 at Shenfield 7th July 2017 03.jpg
A Class 345 unit in the station, seen in 2017
Shenfield is located in Essex
Shenfield
Shenfield
Location of Shenfield in Essex
LocationShenfield
Local authorityBorough of Brentwood
Grid referenceTQ613949
Managed byGreater Anglia
OwnerNetwork Rail
Station codeSNF
DfT categoryB
Number of platforms6
AccessibleYes[1]
Fare zoneC
National Rail annual entry and exit
2016–17Increase 3.747 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 1.411 million[2]
2017–18Increase 3.872 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 1.292 million[2]
2018–19Increase 4.149 million[2]
– interchange Increase 1.331 million[2]
2019–20Increase 4.171 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 1.321 million[2]
2020–21Decrease 1.063 million[2]
– interchange Decrease 0.440 million[2]
Railway companies
Original companyEastern Counties Railway
Pre-groupingGreat Eastern Railway
Post-groupingLondon and North Eastern Railway
Key dates
29 March 1843 (1843-03-29)Opened as Shenfield
March 1850Closed
1 January 1887Reopened as Shenfield & Hutton Junction
20 February 1969Renamed Shenfield
Other information
External links
WGS8451°37′51″N 0°19′48″E / 51.6307°N 0.3301°E / 51.6307; 0.3301Coordinates: 51°37′51″N 0°19′48″E / 51.6307°N 0.3301°E / 51.6307; 0.3301
 London transport portal

Shenfield railway station is on the Great Eastern Main Line in the East of England, serving the town of Shenfield, Essex. As well as being a key interchange for medium- and long-distance services on the main line, it is also the western terminus of a branch line to Southend Victoria and one of the two eastern termini of the Elizabeth line. It is 20 miles 16 chains (32.51 km) down the line from Liverpool Street and is situated between Brentwood and either Ingatestone on the main line or Billericay on the branch line. Its three-letter station code is SNF.

The station was opened in 1843 and has since expanded from its original three platforms to the current six.[3] It sees trains operated by Greater Anglia to main line destinations including Chelmsford, Witham and Ipswich, as well as branch line stations such as Southminster, Braintree, Harwich Town, Colchester Town and Clacton-on-Sea.

The exterior of Shenfield station

History[edit]

Shenfield station was opened by the Eastern Counties Railway company on 29 March 1843 on the extension from Brentwood to Colchester. As it was situated in a rural area, patronage was low, so it was closed in March 1850. It reopened with the name Shenfield & Hutton Junction on 1 January 1887 under the Great Eastern Railway to serve as an interchange station with the new line to Southend that was completed two years later. There were three platforms, two up (London-bound) and one down (country-bound). Under the London and North Eastern Railway, two extra tracks for terminating local (suburban "metro") trains opened in 1934, resulting in five platforms.

The 1920 survey of the station shows goods sidings and a turntable on the London side of the up platforms. The goods yard was closed on 4 May 1964 and it became the station's car park.[4] The Hutton Junction suffix in the station's name was removed on 20 February 1969.[5]

The station is 20 miles 16 chains (32.5 km) from Liverpool Street. Immediately west of the station is Brentwood bank, which descends steeply in the up (London) direction. This bank presented a significant climb to steam trains. There are extensive sidings on the London side of the station just before the start of the descent down the bank.

To the east of the station, the lines for Southend diverge to the south. West of Shenfield there are five tracks, but to the east these split, two towards Colchester and two towards Southend Victoria. The London and North Eastern Railway opened the Southend Loop to the east of the station on 1 January 1934. This enabled Southend trains to and from platforms 4 and 5 to dive-under the main line thus eliminating conflicting movements. The bi-directional loop line connects to the Southend line at Mountnessing Junction.

The lines from London Liverpool Street and London Fenchurch Street (via Gas Factory Junction and Bow Junction) to Shenfield were electrified at 1500 V DC overhead system in 1949. This was converted to 6.5 kV AC in 1960. Gidea Park to Shenfield was converted to 25 kV AC in 1976. Liverpool Street to Gidea Park was converted to 25 kV AC in 1980.[6]

Oyster card readers were installed for pay-as-you-go journeys in 2013.[7]

Today, Shenfield is served by fast trains on the main line towards London, and it is the north-eastern terminus of the Elizabeth line. At peak hours the frequency of service will increase from eight trains per hour to 12, necessitating the construction of a new 210-metre long platform 6,[8][9] which was built to the north of platform 5, replacing one of the existing three western sidings.[10] The two remaining western sidings and three new eastern sidings are also used by the Elizabeth line.[10] Platforms 1 to 5 have an operational length for 12 carriages, platform 6 for 10 carriages.[11]

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service pattern at Shenfield is:

During peak times, service frequencies may be increased and calling patterns varied. Service frequencies are generally reduced on Sundays.

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Greater Anglia
TerminusGreater Anglia
Preceding station   Elizabeth line roundel (no text).svg Elizabeth line   Following station
Elizabeth lineTerminus
  Future development  
Elizabeth lineTerminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Step free Tube Guide" (PDF). Transport for London. April 2021. Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  3. ^ "Shenfield's Crossrail services will start by the end of May". Essex Live. 8 May 2017. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 15 June 2017.
  4. ^ Mitchell, Victor E. (April 2011). Eastern Main Lines - Shenfield to Ipswich. Midhurst: Middleton Press. Plan II. ISBN 978-1-906008-96-3.
  5. ^ Mitchell 2011, Plate 4
  6. ^ Modern Railways, March 2010, p. 44, and May 2010, p.35
  7. ^ "Commissioners report" (PDF). TFL. December 2012. Retrieved 10 January 2013.
  8. ^ CROSSRAIL INFORMATION PAPER A7 – SELECTION OF THE NORTH EASTERN TERMINUS
  9. ^ Environmental Baseline and Assessment of Impacts – North East Route Section
  10. ^ a b Chapter 18 - Route Window NE17 - Shenfield station
  11. ^ Martyn Brailsford (ed) (2016). Railway Track Diagrams Volume 2 Eastern. Frome: Trackmaps. pp. 5, 10. ISBN 978-0-9549866-8-1. {{cite book}}: |last= has generic name (help)

External links[edit]