Shenkeng District

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Shenkeng

深坑區

Shen-k’eng
Shenkeng District
深坑老街 Shenkeng Historical Street - panoramio (3).jpg
Nickname(s): 
The Tofu Capital
Shenkeng District in New Taipei City
Shenkeng District in New Taipei City
Coordinates: 25°0′12″N 121°37′2″E / 25.00333°N 121.61722°E / 25.00333; 121.61722Coordinates: 25°0′12″N 121°37′2″E / 25.00333°N 121.61722°E / 25.00333; 121.61722
CountryRepublic of China (Taiwan)
Special municipalityNew Taipei City
Urban villages ()8[1]
Government
 • MayorLiu Hsin-Min (劉新民)
Area
 • Total20.58 km2 (7.95 sq mi)
Highest elevation
562 m (1,844 ft)
Lowest elevation
32 m (105 ft)
Population
 (End of 2017)[2]:2
 • Total23,660
 • Density1,100/km2 (3,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (National Standard Time)
Postal code
222
Area code(s)02
Websitewww.shenkeng.ntpc.gov.tw (in Chinese)
Shenkeng
Traditional Chinese
Literal meaningdeep pit; deep mine
Shenkeng District office

Shenkeng District (Chinese: 深坑; pinyin: Shēnkēng Qū; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Chhim-khiⁿ-khu / Chhim-kheⁿ-khu) is a rural district in central New Taipei City in northern Taiwan. Formerly an agricultural and mining town, it is now famous for its numerous tofu restaurants and vendors.

History[edit]

The area is first recorded as the preserve of a tribe of Pingpu aborigines during the Qing dynasty period in Taiwan. When Han Chinese farmers eventually moved in to develop the area, they bought the low-lying land from the aborigines and began cultivation in the main valley.[3] The modern name of the township, Shenkeng, literally means deep pit or deep mine. The area used to have several active coal mines.[4] The name has also been explained with reference to the mountains surrounding Shenkeng on all sides, which make the terrain similar to a pit.[5]

On December 25, 2010, Shenkeng Township (深坑鄉) became Shenkeng District (深坑區).[5]

Geography[edit]

Map including Shenkeng (labeled as Shen-k’eng (Shinkō) 深坑) (1950)

Shenkeng is a rural district which borders Taipei City's Wenshan District to the west, Nangang District to the north, and the Shiding District of New Taipei City to the east.

Politics and government[edit]

Politics in Shenkeng have largely been uneventful; the town is considered a safe seat for the Kuomintang. An exception was in 1996, when several members of the council were arrested on suspicion of connection with organised crime.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Shenkeng District includes eight urban villages:[1]

  • Shenkeng (深坑里), Puxin (埔新里), Wanshun (萬順里), Wanfu (萬福里), Tuku (土庫里), Laizhong (賴仲里), Arou (阿柔里), Shenggao (昇高里)

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
2012 23,569—    
2013 23,622+0.2%
2014 23,636+0.1%
2015 23,594−0.2%
2016 23,683+0.4%
2017 23,660−0.1%
Source:[2]:5

In the years 2012 to 2017, the population of Shenkeng District hovered around 23,600 with a steadily ageing population.[2]:5

Education[edit]

Shenkeng is home to Tungnan University, a private technical university.[7] There is also a Junior High School and an Elementary School in the town.

Tourist attractions[edit]

The economy of Shenkeng is centred on tourism, and that tourism is based largely on tofu. The district is sufficiently well known in culinary circles that it has been a subject of media interest in Japan and Hong Kong.[8] The tofu from Shenkeng has an unusual ratio of soybean to gypsum, giving it a yellowish colour and distinctive flavour.[8] The town has become so readily identified with tofu[9] that it has earned the epithet "The Tofu Capital".[10]

There are also extensive hiking trails, some of which were in use during the Japanese era by anti-Japanese guerilla fighters.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Transportation in Shenkeng is limited to roads only; there is as yet no railway or mass transit service, although proposals have been made to extend the Wenshan Line of the Taipei Metro into Shenkeng.[12] Three bus companies offer passenger services within Shenkeng and between Shenkeng and surrounding settlements.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c 行政區域圖. 新北市深坑區公所 Shenkeng District Office, New Taipei City (in Chinese). 23 November 2015. Retrieved 11 October 2019. 本區土地面積20.58平方公里,行政區域為8里239鄰,深坑里、埔新里、土庫里、賴仲里、萬順里、萬福里、昇高里及阿柔里。
  2. ^ a b c 107年新北市深坑區人口結構及性別分析 (PDF). 新北市深坑區公所 Shenkeng District Office, New Taipei City (in Chinese). August 2018. pp. 2, 5. Retrieved 13 October 2019. 本區 106 年底總人口數為 23,660 人,{...}年度別 總人口 年齡分配 0~14 歲 15~64 歲 65 歲以上 101 年底 23,569 2,968 18,466 2,135 102 年底 23,622 2,846 18,526 2,250 103 年底 23,636 2,720 18,500 2,416 104 年底 23,594 2,523 18,478 2,593 105 年底 23,683 2,447 18,447 2,789 106 年底 23,660 2,311 18,352 2,997
  3. ^ Shenkeng Township Government
  4. ^ He 95.
  5. ^ a b 地方史誌. 新北市深坑區公所 Shenkeng District Office, New Taipei City (in Chinese). 23 November 2015. Retrieved 12 October 2019. 相傳清高宗20年(西元1755年),閩南大旱,泉州人許宗琴舉族渡海來此地墾拓,初名「簪纓」接著產生「番亂」。獨簪纓以地形易守而倖免,所以改名「深坑」,係本區四面環山,形似坑底,故名。日據時期稱「深坑庄」。臺灣光復後改為「深坑鄉」;民國99年12月25日改制為「新北市深坑區」。
  6. ^ Feuchtwang 160.
  7. ^ Tungnan Institute of Technology
  8. ^ a b Chung
  9. ^ Du Bois
  10. ^ Janda
  11. ^ Woodworth
  12. ^ Chiu

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • VTS 02 1 (about Tofu in Shenkeng) (in Chinese)