Shenmue III

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Shenmue III
Japanese PlayStation 4 cover art
Developer(s)Ys Net
Publisher(s)Deep Silver
  • Yu Suzuki
  • Cédric Biscay
Designer(s)Aki Tsuchie
  • Kazuya Tomii
  • Eric Layton Bergen
  • Yu Suzuki
  • Jyunichi Yoshida
Composer(s)Ryuji Iuchi
EngineUnreal Engine 4
Platform(s)Windows, PlayStation 4
ReleaseNovember 19, 2019

Shenmue III[a] is a 2019 adventure game developed by Ys Net, published by Deep Silver for Windows and PlayStation 4. The story continues teenage martial artist Ryo Hazuki's quest to find his father's killer in 1980s China.

Director Yu Suzuki conceived Shenmue as a saga spanning multiple games. The first two games were developed by Sega AM2 and published by Sega for the Dreamcast in 1999 and 2001 respectively. The original Shenmue was the most expensive video game ever developed at the time, with an estimated production and marketing cost of over US$47 million, though this also covered some of Shenmue II and groundwork for future Shenmue games. Despite attracting a cult following, the games were commercial failures.

At the 2015 E3 conference, following years of speculation, Suzuki launched a Kickstarter campaign to crowdfund Shenmue III, with Sega having licensed Shenmue to Suzuki's company Ys Net. It became the fastest campaign to raise $2 million, in under seven hours, and ended the following month having raised over $6 million, making it the highest-funded video game and the sixth-highest-funded campaign in Kickstarter history. Further funding came from Sony and Deep Silver and crowdfunding on other platforms. The development team was much smaller than that of previous games, though key staff from the original Shenmue team returned. The game was built using Unreal Engine 4.

Shenmue III was released on November 19, 2019, 18 years after Shenmue II. It received mixed reviews, with critics divided over its similarity to its predecessors; some described it as outdated, while others praised its faithfulness to the franchise.


Like the previous Shenmue games, the player controls teenage martial artist Ryo Hazuki, who is searching for his father's killer. Most of the game is spent exploring the open world in Guilin, China, searching for clues, examining objects and talking to non-player characters for information.[1] The game features a 3D fighting system similar to the Virtua Fighter series; Ryo can practice moves to increase their power.[1] In quick time events, the player must press the right buttons at the right moment to succeed.[2] Ryo can earn money through minigames such as fishing, chopping wood, and forklift driving, and by selling foraged herbs.[3]


In 1987, teenage martial artist Ryo Hazuki has journeyed from Yokosuka, Japan, to the mountains of Guilin, China, in search of his father's killer, Lan Di. Ryo and his new friend, Ling Shenhua, search for Shenhua’s missing father, stonemason Yuan. They learn that thugs have been harassing the local stonemasons, looking for the phoenix mirror, which Ryo has brought from his father's dojo. Another stonemason, Xu, is also missing. Ryo defeats two of the thugs, but is defeated by their boss, Yanlang.

Ryo learns that Lan Di's father, Sunming Zhao, visited Bailu Village with Ryo's father to train under the grandmaster. Zhao died under mysterious circumstances several years later. Ryo also discovers that the phoenix and dragon mirrors were created by Yuan’s grandfather at the request of the Chinese emperor. Their creation is connected to the local Verdant Bridge, constructed to honor the visitation of a Chinese envoy.

Ryo discovers the thug hideout, but is defeated again by Yanlang. He convinces Sun, a local martial arts master, to teach him a powerful Bajiquan move, and uses it to defeat Yanlang. A village elder helps them discover a map to the treasure connected to the mirrors. Ryo fends off an attack from Lan Di's henchman Chai, who reveals that Yuan and Xu have been taken to the city of Niaowu.

Ryo and Shenhua travel to Niaowu by boat. Ryo learns that a local gang, the Red Snakes, is holding Yuan and Xu. As he searches for them, Ryo encounters Ren, who is still desirous of treasure. Ryo is eventually lead to the Red Snakes’ hideout, but he is defeated by their boss, who uses a unique, animalistic fighting style. With Ren’s help, they try to defeat him but lose again. Ryo meets a cormorant fisherman, Grandmaster Bei, who tells him that his kung fu is lacking. In turn, Ryo trains, learns the boss’s fighting style, and convinces Bei to teach him a helpful Bajiquan move.

Ryo approaches the hideout with Ren only to find Li Feng, a mysterious woman whom Ryo has encountered several times in the city. Ryo soon discovers that Shenhua has been kidnapped by the Red Snakes and taken across the river to a fortified castle; she will be released only if he brings them the Phoenix Mirror. Ryo convinces Bei to take him and Ren across the river by boat. Before departing, Ren reveals that he previously purchased a counterfeit Phoenix Mirror in one of the local shops, believing it could be useful.

The three cross the river with both Hsu, a former student of Bei, and Lin Shiling, the maiden of a local Buddhist shrine. Ryo and Ren infiltrate the castle while the others guard the perimeter. Ryo finds Yuan and Xu trapped in a cell; after defeating Chai a second time, Ryo releases them. They next encounter a woman resembling Li Feng. In reality, Feng is a disguise of Niao Sun, another Chi You Men leader. Ryo gives her the real Phoenix Mirror to save Shenhua, and Niao Sun tells them Lan Di is up ahead.

Ryo and Ren fight their way to the top of the castle, defeating the Red Snakes’ boss in the process. They find Lan Di; Ryo challenges him to a fight, and he defeats Ryo easily. Ren offers Lan Di the fake Phoenix Mirror in exchange for Ryo’s life. Thinking it to be real, Lan Di accepts, but Ren hurls the mirror out of a window. As they were fighting, Niao Sun ordered her men to burn the castle in order to kill Lan Di and consolidate her power. Surrounded by flames, Ryo and Ren escape the castle while Lan Di continues to stare out the window. Niao Sun escapes, still possessing the real Phoenix Mirror.

Ryo, Shenhua, Ren, Yuan, and Xu depart Niaowu by boat. Yuan reveals that the mirrors were initially locked away in a cliff temple; Zhao Sunming took and protected the mirrors. After Zhao died, his son, Longsun (Lan Di), was raised by the Chi You Men. While being held captive, Yuan also learned that the Chi You have taken over the Cliff Temple, believing it to be the location of the treasure. The final scene shows Ryo, Shenhua, and Ren crossing the bridge and continuing their journey along the Great Wall of China.


Shenmue creator Yu Suzuki speaking at the 2011 Game Developers Conference

The first two Shenmue games were directed, written and produced by Yu Suzuki, developed by Sega AM2, and published by Sega for the Dreamcast in 1999 and 2001 respectively. Described by IGN as a "revenge epic in the tradition of Chinese cinema",[4] Suzuki plans the series to cover at least four games.[5] With a level of detail considered unprecedented,[6] the original Shenmue was the most expensive video game ever developed at the time, reported to have cost between US$47 and 70 million, including marketing. The development also covered some of Shenmue II, which was completed for a smaller figure,[7] and groundwork for future Shenmue games.[8]

Despite attracting a cult following and appearances in several "greatest video games of all time" lists,[9][10][11][12] the first two Shenmue games were commercial failures.[13] Suzuki worked on various projects which failed to see release,[14] including Shenmue Online, a massively multiplayer online role-playing game for the Chinese and Korean PC markets.[15]

Fans petitioned for Shenmue III,[16] and in 2005 the BBC series VideoGaiden ran a campaign for its release.[17] On several occasions, Sega spokespersons said they recognized the interest in Shenmue and did not rule out another game,[18][19][18] and Suzuki said that Sega would be open to the project with the right budget.[20] In 2008, Suzuki established his own development company, Ys Net, while remaining at Sega.[14] That year, Sega announced Shenmue City, a social game for the Japanese Mobagetown (for cell phones) and Mobage (PC) services. Suzuki hoped that if Shenmue City were a success it would allow him to make Shenmue III;[21] however, it was shut down in December 2011.[22]

In September 2011, Suzuki left Sega to focus on Ys Net.[14] In 2012 he suggested that Sega could license Shenmue to Ys Net to develop Shenmue III independently.[23] News arose in March 2013 that Suzuki was considering crowdfunding or console exclusivity to fund Shenmue III.[24] During the 2014 Game Developers Conference, Sony Computer Entertainment approached him about Shenmue III as it was one of the most requested games.[25][26][27] In March 2014, Xbox head Phil Spencer said Shenmue III was the most requested sequel from Xbox owners.[28] Sega renewed the Shenmue trademark that May.[29]

Shenmue III was announced at E3 in June 2015

On June 14, 2015, the day before the Los Angeles Electronic Entertainment Expo (E3), Suzuki tweeted "E3" with a photo of a forklift, a reference to a minigame in the original Shenmue.[30] During Sony's E3 press conference the next day, Suzuki announced a Kickstarter crowdfunding campaign to develop Shenmue III for Windows and PlayStation 4 with a tentative release date of December 2017.[31] The surprise announcement drew publicity,[16] winning the "Best Debut" award from GameTrailers[32] and generating a surge in sales of pre-owned Dreamcast consoles.[33] In January 2017, Time,[34] The Guardian[35] and Den of Geek[36] included Shenmue III in their lists of anticipated games.


The initial Kickstarter funding goal, the amount necessary for the campaign to succeed and development to begin, was $2 million. Additional goals to encourage further donations included a "rapport system" that changes interactions with characters depending on player choices, and a "skill tree system" allowing for greater customizing of Ryo's fighting abilities.[37] Suzuki said that for Shenmue III to be a "true" open-world game, the campaign would need to raise at least $10 million; nonetheless, he said he would not be disappointed by a smaller figure and would work within the budget.[38]

Shenmue III became the fastest game to raise $1 million in crowdfunding, in an hour and 44 minutes, and the fastest to raise $2 million, in eight hours and 43 minutes.[39] It ended on July 17 having raised $6.3 million from over 69,000 backers, becoming the most funded Kickstarter video game campaign and the sixth-most funded Kickstarter campaign of all time.[38] On September 17, 2015, crowdfunding resumed using the online payment system PayPal, and on March 15 the project began accepting pledges through the Chinese crowdfunding platform Alipay.[40]

Crowdfunding ended in September 2018, having raised $7,179,510 from 81,087 backers across multiple platforms.[41] Though this is a large amount for a crowdfunded project, it is relatively small for a high-profile video game; however, Sony and Deep Silver provided further funding.[41]


Shenmue III was developed by Ys Net.[16] Sony and Shibuya Productions provided production, marketing, and publishing support.[42][43]

Whereas Shenmue I and II were developed by between 250 and 300 people, Shenmue III had a core team of about 75, with a further 100 outsourced 100 roles, excluding voice actors.[44] 10 key staff had worked on the previous Shenmue games,[44] including director Yu Suzuki, second director Keiji Okayasu, scenario director Takao Yotsuji, writers Junichi Yoshida and Masahiro Yoshimoto, character designers Kenji Miyawaki and Hideki Kawabata, and composer Ryuji Iuchi.[45][46] Neilo chief executive Takeshi Hirai was a lead programmer on the first Shenmue.[16] Other staff had credits for games such as The Legend of Zelda: Breath of the Wild and series such as Streets of Rage and Virtua Fighter.[44] Masaya Matsukaze and Corey Marshall reprised their roles as the Japanese and English voices of Ryo respectively.[47][48]

In November 2015, Suzuki visited China to promote the project and research the locations, traditional clothes and martial arts of Guilin. In a presentation at China's Chuapp conference that month, he said that Shenmue III's story and "composition" were complete and that "baseline research" with Unreal Engine 4 had begun.[49] Suzuki chose the engine as it allowed the team to build prototypes quickly.[50] In late 2015, the team began using Shenmue II characters to run simple battle and conversation tests.[51] In February 2016, Suzuki demonstrated the weather effects, lighting, and music at the Monaco Anime Game International Conference.[52] By December, the game had left preproduction and motion capture and voice tests were under way.[53]

In June 2017, Shenmue III was delayed to the second half of 2018; according to Suzuki, "By utilizing new technologies, we have been able to discover new possibilities and expressions. In many ways, the game has become bigger and more beautiful than I initially expected."[54] That August, Suzuki announced that Ys Net had partnered with the German publisher Deep Silver to publish Shenmue III globally. He told Eurogamer the partnership allowed the team to "make the game with a larger scale featuring open-world elements", and that Sony and Sega were still supporting development.[50]

Ys Net released a Shenmue III teaser trailer on August 22, 2017.[55] Some fans and journalists criticized the trailer's "stiff" character models and animation.[56] In December 2017, Ys Net announced that the Indian studio Lakshya Digital would provide additional character models.[57] In May 2018, Ys Net and Deep Silver announced that Shenmue III would be delayed until 2019.[58] At the Gamescom trade fair in August, Deep Silver displayed a new trailer and announced a release date of August 27, 2019.[59] In December 2018, it was announced that Shenmue III will be published in China by Oasis Games on PlayStation 4 and the WeGame platform on PC.[60] A new trailer was shown in March 2019 at the Monaco Magic festival, showcasing the Guilin setting, fighting system, and several new characters.[61] The fighting system was redesigned to make it accessible to less experienced players.[62]

In June, Suzuki announced that the release date had been postponed to November 19, 2019,[63] and that the Windows version would be exclusive to the Epic Games Store for the first year; earlier updates had stated that it would require Steam for activation.[64] The exclusivity announcement drew criticism from some fans.[65] Kickstarter backers who had requested the Steam version were given the option to accept the Epic or physical PC version, the PS4 version, or receive a refund (paid for by Epic Games).[65] A new trailer, showcasing arcades and fighting gameplay, debuted at the Gamescom trade fair in August 2019.[66] The following month, a demo was released for Windows.[67]

Critical reception[edit]

On the review aggregator site Metacritic, Shenmue III has a score of 70, indicating "mixed or average reviews".[68] Reviewers were divided over the similarity to earlier installments. According to, "Ys Net hasn't rebooted or reimagined its franchise; rather, it has made a game as if (for the most part) the intervening years never happened at all. For some critics, this is taken as some kind of failure. For others, it is a veteran developer delivering exactly what his audience wants to see."[69]

Kirk McKeand of VG247 rated it three out of five, writing that "despite the fact that it's a game designed with decades-old sensibilities, I enjoyed my time with it".[70] In a positive review, Martin Robinson of Eurogamer described it as "archaic and arcane ... completely ignorant of modern trends in open world gaming, or indeed trends of the last 20 years ... It looks and plays like a Dreamcast game that's as off-kilter, maddening, magical and majestic as the original Shenmue games, both all-time classics. I think there's good reason to rejoice in that."[1] GameCentral on Metro gave it 6/10, criticizing its slow pace and dialogue, but writing: "It’s impossible not to admire Yu Suzuki’s vision and tenacity in not only making the game but making it his way."[71] GamesRadar gave it 4/5, describing it as "a magnificent, authentic, totally uncompromised sequel that crucially ignores virtually every gaming trend of the past 18 years".[2]


In Japan, the PlayStation 4 version of Shenmue III sold 17,857 retail copies in its first week, making it the week's fourth-bestselling game and the bestselling new release.[72] In the UK, Shenmue III entered the charts at number 17, selling half as many copies as the 2018 Shenmue remaster. and VG247 said the sales in both regions were likely lower than hoped, but noted that the chart excludes digital sales and copies given to Kickstarter backers.[73][74]


  1. ^ Japanese: シェンムー3 Hepburn: Shenmū 3?


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