Shenyang Metro

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Shenyang Metro
Shenyang Metro Corporation Logo.svg
Overview
Native name沈阳地铁
LocaleShenyang, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines3
Number of stations70
Daily ridership762,000 (2015)[1]
Websitehttp://www.symtc.com/
Operation
Began operation27 September 2010
Technical
System length88.7 km (55.1 mi)
System map

Shenyang Metro Route Map 201806.png

Shenyang Metro
Simplified Chinese沈阳地铁
Traditional Chinese瀋陽地鐵

The Shenyang Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Shenyang, Liaoning, China. It is the 7th operational subway system in Mainland China and the first in Northeast China.

The system connects with the Shenyang Modern Tram system in the southern part of the city.[2][3]

Overview[edit]

The Shenyang Metro consists of Line 1 (east-west), opened on September 27, 2010 with 27.8 km (17.3 mi) and 22 stations, and Line 2 (north-south), opened on January 9, 2012 with 27.16 km (16.88 mi) and 22 stations. Line 9 opened on May 25, 2019. The line is 28.996 km in length.

The construction of Line 1 started on November 18, 2005. Trial service not open to the public started in September 2009, with the line fully operational in September 2010.[4] The total cost of Line 1 was 8.88 billion yuan (USD 1.1 billion).

The construction on Line 2 started on November 18, 2006, with 19 stations and 19.3 km (12.0 mi) and became operational on January 9, 2012.[5]

A Line 2 extension to Hangkonghangtiandaxue station opened in December 30, 2013. Another extension to Putianlu station opened on April 8, 2018.[6]

Line 9 opened on May 25, 2019. The line is 28.996 km in length.

Lines[edit]

Shenyang Metro
Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations
 1  Shisanhaojie
(Tiexi)
Limingguangchang
(Dadong)
2010 27.8 22
 2  Putianlu
(Shenbei)
Quanyunlu
(Hunnan)
2012 2018 31.88 26
 9  Nujianggongyuan
(Huanggu / Yuhong)
Jianzhudaxue
(Hunnan)
2019 28.996 22
Total 88.7 70

History[edit]

Street entrance of Qingniandajie station

Shenyang was one of the first Chinese cities with a metro plan. The initial plan of building a metro system in Shenyang was proposed as early as 1940, during the Manchukuo era with an Osaka-based company proposing a 52-kilometre (32 mi) metro network.[7][8] However, chaos caused by the Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil Wars meant the plan could not be implemented.[9]

After the wars, the metro program was revived again when the Chinese government decided that the four biggest cities at that time, Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, and Shenyang should build metro systems for transportation and military purposes. The subway was envisioned to also function as an air raid shelter in an event of war.[9]

Construction in of the metro started in 1965 but was stopped shortly after due to the turmoil from the Cultural Revolution. Only the initial sections of the Beijing Subway and Tianjin Metro managed to be completed. Construction was restarted in 1974, on a line roughly following today's Line 1. In 1978 with government personnel from Harbin, Tianjin and Shanghai visiting to Shenyang to learn about the subway construction experience.[10]

In 1982, subway construction was halted due to lack of funds and resources. The approximately 3 km long half completed tunnel was abandoned and filled with water.[10] While the Shanghai Metro was put into service in 1995, the economic decline of Shenyang during the 1980s-1990s meant that there was no capital available for subway construction and the program was continually postponed.

A light rail system was designed in the early 1990s as a cheaper alternative, however this plan was also abandoned after a national suspension of subway projects was declared due to worries of high cost and financial debt.[11]

Shenyang's economy revived in 2000, and with it growing traffic congestion and pollution caused by the expanding urban population. This prompted the Chinese central government to approve the subway proposal on November 8, 2005.[12][13] Construction of the first phase of Line 1 started on November 18, 2005 with the entire phase opened on September 27, 2010 after trail operation in September 2009.[13] The line have 22 stations and went from Shisanhaojie to Limingguangchang station. Line 2 started trail operation on December 30, 2011[14] and was fully opened on January 9, 2012. Line 2 extended twice in 2013 and 2018 and currently have 26 stations. Line 9 opened on May 25, 2019.

Expansion[edit]

The original loop line is broken into two "L"-shaped lines, Line 9 (in operation) and Line 10 (under construction), that intersect twice to form a loop. Line 4 is also under construction.[15]

Shenyang Metro will be 267 km in 2024. There are four lines/extensions in the 2019-2024 Shenyang Metro expansion plan (Line 2 Southern extension, Line 3 Phase 1, Line 6 Phase 1, Line 1 Eastern extension).

Planned opening Route Terminals Length (km) Stations Status
May 2020[16]  10  (Northern section) Dingxianghu Zhangshabu 27.164[17] 21 Under construction
December 2020[18]  4  (Phase 1) Wanghuajie Chuangxinlu 34.112 23 Under construction
2024  2  (Southern extension) Quanyunlu Taoxianjichang (Taoxian Airport) 14.3 8 Planning
 3  (Phase 1) Baomadadao Xintaijie 38.4 28 Planning
 6  (Phase 1) Yalujiangjie Yingchunjie 36.0 32 Planning
 1  (Eastern extension) Limingguangchang Shiboyuan 15.0 9 Planning

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://liaoning.nen.com.cn/system/2012/11/29/010145780.shtml
  2. ^ "Shenyang tram network construction begins". Railway Gazette. Railway Gazette. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-16.
  3. ^ "北车投资48.6亿建设沈阳浑南新区有轨电车". www.zacliu.com. www.zacliu.com. 21 February 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-16.
  4. ^ "Shenyang metro Line 1 fully operational". Railway Gazette. October 1, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  5. ^ "Shenyang metro opens second line". Railway Gazette. January 24, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2013.
  6. ^ "沈阳地铁二号线北延线新四站正式开通-辽宁频道-东北新闻网". liaoning.nen.com.cn. Retrieved 2018-04-14.
  7. ^ Shenyang subway net Archived 2007-05-27 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "沈阳地铁大事记(1940年-2010年)_沈阳公交网". 2012-01-05. Archived from the original on 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2017-09-10.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  9. ^ a b "沈阳地铁70年之痒_财经_凤凰网". finance.ifeng.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  10. ^ a b "沈阳地铁集团有限公司-新闻中心". www.symtc.com. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  11. ^ "国务院办公厅关于暂停审批城市地下快速轨道交通项目的通知_政府信息公开专栏". www.gov.cn. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  12. ^ english@peopledaily.com.cn. "People's Daily Online -- Subway construction plan for Shenyang ratified". en.people.cn. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  13. ^ a b "沈阳地铁官网网站". 2014-08-14. Archived from the original on 2014-08-14. Retrieved 2017-12-10.
  14. ^ 王晓婷 (2011-12-30). "沈阳地铁二号线今日开通 市民可持试乘票免费乘车". 沈阳晚报. Retrieved 2012-02-23.
  15. ^ "沈阳城市轨道交通建设规划获得国家发改委正式批复". 辽宁日报. 2012-06-20. Retrieved 2012-06-29.
  16. ^ http://ln.qq.com/a/20190109/003092.htm
  17. ^ http://ln.ifeng.com/a/20180917/6885790_0.shtml
  18. ^ "沈阳地铁4号线一期工程"十一"前开工". 中国城市轨道交通协会. 中国城市轨道交通协会. Retrieved 2 February 2018.

External links[edit]