|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||2|
|Number of stations||48|
|Daily ridership||762,000 (2015)|
|Began operation||27 September 2010|
|System length||59.41 km (36.92 mi)|
The Shenyang Metro is a rapid transit system serving the city of Shenyang, Liaoning, China. It is the 7th operational subway system in Mainland China and the first in Northeast China. The system connects with a tram network in the southern part of the city.
The Shenyang Metro consists of Line 1 (east-west), opened on September 27, 2010 with 27.8 km (17.3 mi) and 22 stations, and Line 2 (north-south), opened on January 9, 2012 with 27.16 km (16.88 mi) and 22 stations.
The construction of Line 1 started on November 18, 2005. Trial service not open to the public started in September 2009, with the line fully operational in September 2010. Construction of a four-station extension east to East Mausoleum Park started in 2009. The total cost of Line 1 was 8.88 billion yuan (USD 1.1 billion).
The construction on Line 2 started on November 18, 2006, with 19 stations and 19.3 km (12.0 mi) and became operational on January 9, 2012.
A Line 2 extension north of Shenyang Aerospace University station to Putianlu station opened on April 8, 2018.
Shenyang was one of the first Chinese cities with a metro plan. The initial plan of building a metro system in Shenyang was proposed as early as 1940, during the Manchukuo era with an Osaka-based company proposing a 52-kilometre (32 mi) metro network. However, chaos caused by the Second Sino-Japanese War and Chinese Civil Wars meant the plan could not be implemented.
After the wars, the metro program was revived again when the Chinese government decided that the four biggest cities at that time, Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, and Shenyang should build metro systems for transportation and military purposes. The subway was envisioned to also function as an air raid shelter in an event of war.
Construction in of the metro started in 1965 but was stopped shortly after due to the turmoil from the Cultural Revolution. Only the initial sections of the Beijing Subway and Tianjin Metro managed to be completed. Construction was restarted in 1974, on a line roughly following today's Line 1. In 1978 with government personnel from Harbin, Tianjin and Shanghai visiting to Shenyang to learn about the subway construction experience.
In 1982, subway construction was halted due to lack of funds and resources. The approximately 3 km long half completed tunnel was abandoned and filled with water. While the Shanghai Metro was put into service in 1995, the economic decline of Shenyang during the 1980s-1990s meant that there was no capital available for subway construction and the program was continually postponed.
A light rail system was designed in the early 1990s as a cheaper alternative, however this plan was also abandoned after a national suspension of subway projects was declared due to worries of high cost and financial debt.
Shenyang's economy revived in 2000, and with it growing traffic congestion and pollution caused by the expanding urban population. This prompted the Chinese central government to approve the subway proposal on November 8, 2005. Construction of the first phase of Line 1 started on November 18, 2005 with the entire phase opening on September 23, 2009. The line had 12 stations and went from Shisanhao Jie to Tiexi Square station. A western extension of Line 1 to Liming Square opened in September 27, 2010. Line 2 opened a year later on December 30, 2011 and was further extended south on January 9, 2012.
- September 27, 2009: Shenyang-Tiecheng intercity railway starts construction.
- October 19, 2010: Line 1 eastern extension started construction.
|Planned opening||Route||Terminals||Length (km)||Stations||Status|
|May 2019||Phase 1||Nujianggongyuan||Jianzhudaxue||29.2||23||Debugging|
|Northern section||Dingxianghu||Zhangshabu||27.21||21||Under construction|
|December 2020||Phase 1||Wanghuajie||Hangtiannanlu||32||23||Under construction|
Plans for two east-west lines, two north-south lines, a loop line, and two branches with a total length of 182.5 kilometres (113.4 mi) have been expanded to eleven lines. Currently there are 3 lines being planned in the near-term in preparation for construction. All 3 of them shall be complete by 2018. The original loop line is broken into 2 "L" shaped lines that intersect twice to form a loop. Line 4 will start construction in 2014.
|Line 9||Southern and western portion of the loop||Tawan Street||Ximiaozi||36||29|
|Line 10||Northern and eastern portion of the loop||Dingxiang Lake Park||Sujiatun||50||32|
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