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Shepetivka District Council
|• Total||40 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,199/km2 (3,110/sq mi)|
|Postal code||30400 - 30409|
|Area code(s)||+380 3840|
Shepetivka (Ukrainian: Шепеті́вка; Russian: Шепето́вка, Shepetovka) is a town located on the Huska River in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province) of Western Ukraine. The city's population is 43,379 (2013). Shepetivka is a town of oblast subordinance, and the administrative center of Shepetivskyi Raion (district).
A settlement called Shepetivka, belonging to the prince Ivan Zaslavsky, was first mentioned in a written document in 1594. In the 16th century Shepetivka didn’t differ from other settlements of Polesie. The settlement had a community and a windmill. It was given Magdeburg Rights at the end of the 16th century. This contributed the settlement’s expansion and growing population. At the turn of the 16th and 17th centuries the peasantry was intensively enslaved. Population of Shepetivka also suffered from frequent attacks of the Crimean Tatars. Peasants and craftsmen responded to the feudal oppression with the revolt in 1591-1593, led by Krzysztof Kosiński, and the revolt in 1594-1596, led by Severyn Nalyvaiko. When during the Ukrainian war of liberation from Poland in July 1648 peasant-Cossack regiments of Maxym Kryvonis had conquered Polonne, the inhabitants of Shepetivka joined the troops. At the end of the 17th century Shepetivka became property of Lubomirski family, and in 1703, of the Sanguszko family. And at the end of the 18th century it became part of Iziaslav county, Volhynian Governorate. In 1866 Shepetivka became the capital of the county.
The first written mention of Shepetivka was in 1594. In 1795 it became part of Iziaslav County, Volhynian Governorate. The first railway station was built in 1873.
In 1923 it got the status of a town, becoming the capital of Shepetovka district. In 1932 it became the capital of Shepetivka Raion, Vinnytsia Oblast. In 1937 Shepetivka Raion became part of Kamianets-Podilskyi (since 1954 Khmelnytskyi) Oblast.
- Valentina Matviyenko, governor of Saint Petersburg, was born in Shepetivka
- Ignacy Jan Paderewski, pianist, composer, and Polish prime minister, lived near Shepetivka as a child
- Nikolai Ostrovsky, Soviet writer, lived here during his childhood and adolescent years