Shepparton city skyline, communications tower and "Mooving Art" display from Monash Park
|Population||42,741 (2011) (32nd)|
|Established||24 September 1860|
|Gazetted||28 September 1860|
|Time zone||AEST (UTC+10)|
|• Summer (DST)||AEDT (UTC+11)|
|LGA(s)||City of Greater Shepparton|
Shepparton (//) is a city located on the floodplain of the Goulburn River in northern Victoria, Australia, approximately 181 kilometres (112 mi) north-northeast of Melbourne. According to the 2011 Census, the population of the locality was 29,553, while the population of the entire Shepparton-Mooroopna urban centre was 42,741.
It began as a sheep station and river crossing in the mid-19th century, before undergoing a major transformation as a railway town. Today it is an agricultural and manufacturing centre, and the centre of the Goulburn Valley irrigation system, one of the largest centres of irrigation in Australia. It is also a major regional service city and the seat of local government and civic administration for the City of Greater Shepparton, which includes the surrounding towns of Tatura, Merrigum, Mooroopna, Murchison, Dookie, Toolamba and Grahamvale.
- 1 Toponomy
- 2 History
- 3 Climate
- 4 Urban structure
- 5 Economy
- 6 Arts and culture
- 7 Military
- 8 Demographics
- 9 Governance
- 10 Education
- 11 Transport
- 12 Media
- 13 Notable people
- 14 Clubs and associations
- 15 See also
- 16 References
- 17 External links
Prior to the European settlement of Australia, the area was inhabited by the Yorta Yorta, an indigenous Australian people traditionally occupying the land around the junction of the Goulburn and Murray Rivers in present-day northern Victoria and southern New South Wales. The Yorta Yorta tribe which inhabited the Shepparton area were known as the Kailtheban.
Surveyor General Thomas Mitchell was the first European to be recorded travelling through the area, crossing the Goulburn River in 1836 on his return to Sydney from an expedition to survey the Darling River and its tributaries. On Mitchell's recommendation, Joseph Hawdon and Charles Bonney would follow two years later, camping on the town site by the Goulburn River in 1838 while droving cattle from Albury to Adelaide.
The first permanent settlement in the area was the "Tallygaroopna" sheep station, established in the early 1840s. By 1843 the station was being run by a man named Sherbourne Sheppard, the town's eventual namesake. With the advent of the Victorian gold rush in the 1850s, the area became a popular river crossing point for miners travelling east from the Bendigo and Ballarat goldfields. As there was yet no bridge across the Goulburn River, Irish entrepreneur Patrick Macguire soon set up a punt service to ferry travellers across the river, erecting the town's first building in the process, the punt house. Macguire sold the building to John Hill in 1853, who converted it into a hotel, the Emu Bush Inn. This settlement soon became known as Macguire's Punt, a name it would keep into the 1870s. A post office opened in February 1854, but closed in July that same year.
The settlement was first surveyed in 1855. By this time, in addition to Macguire's Punt, it had also become known as Sheppard town, Sheppardton, and Shepparton. The post office reopened in May 1858, and two years later the Governor of Victoria officially declared Shepparton a township on 24 September 1860. It remained a small settlement of a half-dozen buildings into the 1870s despite adding a police station, a general store, a blacksmith, a foundry, and a public hall which remains the city's oldest building. Shepparton's first bridge over the Goulburn River was completed in 1878 and named Dainton's Bridge after James Henry Dainton, the bridge's chief engineer. The first church, St. Patrick's, opened in 1879.
The railway from Seymour reached the town in 1880. A mechanics institute opened between 1880 and 1888 as Shepparton rapidly developed into a major manufacturing and service centre.
During the Victorian railway boom the railways expanded, and by the turn of the century Shepparton was central to a large network of regional branch lines on the Toolamba–Echuca railway line — lines leading to Cobram, Nathalia, Dookie, Picola and Katamatite. Rail-served industries helped Shepparton grow into a city. While these lines experienced a brief boom, almost all of them would later close. The Goulburn River also developed as a secondary transport hub, with paddle steamers and ferries operating at The Barges.
In the post-war era the city's population virtually tripled, with immigration to the city becoming a major factor, particularly migrants from Italy. During the post-war boom of the 1960s and '70s successive local councils began a progress campaign to modernise the city and many older buildings were replaced with newer buildings.
Shepparton has a semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSfk) climate, with hot summers and cold winters. The hottest summer month is January, when the average temperature reaches 31.7 degrees Celsius. In winter, the weather becomes coldest in July when the minimum averages 3.2 and the maximum gets to 13.2 degrees.
Although the rainfall in Shepparton is fairly sparse, winter sees the most rain days. The rain doesn't get too heavy throughout the year. Even with the wettest month being in November, the rainfall still averages at 53.2 mm. The weather is driest at the beginning of Autumn, with rainfall averaging 17.2 mm, although the month with the fewest wet days is January.
The average wind speed in Shepparton is 4.03 metres per second.
|Climate data for Shepparton Airport (YSHT)|
|Record high °C (°F)||44.3
|Average high °C (°F)||31.9
|Average low °C (°F)||15.0
|Record low °C (°F)||5.6
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||20.2
|Average precipitation days||4.0||4.7||5.4||5.2||9.3||11.3||14.3||12.9||10.3||8.6||6.8||5.4||98.2|
|Average relative humidity (%)||28||33||35||43||56||66||68||61||53||44||38||31||46|
|Source: Bureau of Meteorology.|
Central business district
The Maude Street Mall is the city's main shopping centre, while Wyndham Street is the main civic and commercial street. Located off the Maude Street Mall is a 76-metre (249 ft) tall communications tower, erected 1967–68, with an observation deck at 35 m (115 ft) accessible via a 160-step stairway. The observation deck offers views over the city and surrounding countryside.
Shepparton has three nearby towns which could be considered suburbs. They are Mooroopna to the west, Kialla (and Kialla Lakes house and land subdivision) to the south, and Shepparton East to the east. Nearby, in the northeast, also lies the locality of Grahamvale.
Shepparton's main industries are agriculture and associated manufacturing. Australia's largest processor of canned fruits, SPC Ardmona, a wholly owned subsidiary of Coca-Cola Amatil, has production facilities in Shepparton and nearby Kyabram. Seasonal fruits, such as peaches, pears and apricots are preserved into a variety of packaging. The Manufacturing industry has evolved to cater for the needs of local primary producers.
J Furphy & Sons is also a large employer, with around 130 staff, including 10 apprentices making stainless steel tanks and pressure vessels.
Shepparton is a major regional commercial and shopping centre and service economy for the Greater Shepparton area.
Shepparton is a major centre for infrastructure and civic services. The majority of the region's emergency response facilities are located there. The administrative headquarters for the Country Fire Authority (CFA) District 22 and one of only two Independent Rescue Agencies in Victoria are located in Shepparton. The Search and Rescue Squad originally started out as a "Dive and Recovery Unit" recovering lost property and persons from the rivers, lakes and water ways in the region.
Arts and culture
The city hosts the Moooving Art project, which involves local artists painting fibreglass cows, which are then displayed in tourist locations throughout the city and surrounding townships. The project is an artistic representation of the strong dairy industry prevalent in the Shepparton area.
Kidstown is Located between Shepparton and Mooroopna, it has two giant slides, a 35-metre (115 ft) flying fox and a train that goes right around the playground.
The city is home to a large swimming centre called Aquamoves, two performing arts centres, one in Mooroopna named WestSide, due to its geographical location and the other the Eastbank Centre located in Shepparton (which houses the centres' box office). Collectively the centres are called Riverlinks Venues".
Shepparton is also home of the Shepparton Art Museum, more commonly known as SAM. SAM houses the world's most significant collection of Australian ceramics, and is home to the biennial Sidney Myer Fund Australian Ceramic Award and the Indigenous Ceramic Art Award. The museum features the surrealist sculpture Woman and Child by artist Sam Jinks.
Shepparton is also home to the Shepparton Theatre Arts Group (STAG), the city's premier theatrical group. STAG was formed in 1975 after an amalgamation between the Shepparton Dramatic Society and the Shepparton Light Music Company. The group presents one dramatic/comedic play, one musical and one rock revue each year. The Goulburn Valley Concert Orchestra, a community symphony orchestra, gives an annual major concert and a series of cafe concerts every year.
Association Football is popular in Shepparton with four senior clubs entering teams into competitions run by the North Eastern Soccer League; Shepparton (formerly Lemnos), Shepparton South, Shepparton United and Kialla United. Teams are entered in men's, women's, boys' and girls' divisions. Shepparton is also home to the Goulburn Valley Suns Football Club. The soccer club was established in 2013, and currently competes in the National Premier Leagues.
Australian Rules Football is the also in Shepparton. The main league, called the Goulburn Valley Football League (GVFL), includes 3 teams from the city. There are also other smaller leagues, such as the Murray Football League, Kyabram & District Football League and the Picola & District Football League which have teams from in and around Greater Shepparton. There is also a junior league in the schools (SDJFA). The city plays a major role in a team where the Australian Football League (AFL) frequently scouts for new talents to AFL clubs, which is the Murray Bushrangers.
Basketball is another popular sport in Shepparton. The Shepparton Lady Gators represent the Shepparton and Mooroopna region in women's basketball playing in the Big V division two competition. The men's team has gone into an extended recess after being one of the most successful country-based basketball teams in Australia, winning the CVIBL title in 1994 and the 2000, 2001 and 2003 Big V Championship ABA titles under the tutelage of Russell Parker. In 2011 the men's team returned to the court in the Country basketball league.
Cycling is popular in Shepparton due to the flat terrain and extensive network of routes. The Goulburn Valley Hospice runs the annual Shepparton Fruit Loop Ride for cyclists. There is a velodrome facility located in the city's north and a world class BMX track as well as an extensive range of bike paths throughout the city and surrounding areas.
Golfers play at the course of the Shepparton Golf Club on Golf Drive.
Shepparton is home to the Goulburn Valley Hockey Association. Hockey, whilst not having as great a following in previous years, still has a strong competition. The Shepparton field was resurfaced in 2015 with works to commence on a second field in the near future. The Goulburn Valley Hockey Association fields men's, women's and junior teams from the Shepparton Strikers, Shepparton Youth Club, Mooroopna, Benalla, Echuca and Euroa. The Hockey Association also features in State Hockey Championships for men and women at both Senior and Masters competitions and also provide teams for the Junior Country Championships.
Shepparton has Victoria's second largest Aboriginal community after Melbourne, making up approximately 10% of the city's population. The concentration of Indigenous Australians is the largest of any Victorian city and is 4 times the national average (2.5%). Shepparton has a large immigrant community, with people from places such as India, Albania, Afghanistan, Iraq, Greece, Italy, Sudan and Macedonia as well as many other places.
The major faith in Shepparton is Christianity. In the 2011 Census The most common responses for religion in Shepparton were Catholic 27.2%, No Religion 19.4%, Anglican 13.2%, Islam 8.2% and Uniting Church 7.1%. In the Shepparton district, figures were slightly different. The most common responses for religion in the area were Catholic 27.7%, No Religion 20.2%, Anglican 14.7%, Uniting Church 8.4% and Islam 4.9%.
As the city has a large and diverse mix of people from different cultures, the community benefits from this mix with a wide range of food and festivals in the area.
Shepparton is the seat of local government and administrative centre for the City of Greater Shepparton Local Government Area. The council was formed in 1994 from the amalgamation of the City of Shepparton, Shire of Shepparton, and parts of the Shire of Rodney, Shire of Euroa, Shire of Goulburn, Shire of Tungamah, Shire of Violet Town and Shire of Waranga. The council office complex is located at 90 Welsford Street and the council meets in the Chambers there. The council consists of seven councillors, elected once every four years by postal voting.
In state politics, Shepparton is located in the Legislative Assembly district of Shepparton which had been safely held by the National/Country Party since the seat was created in 1945. In the Victorian state election, 2014, Independent candidate Suzanna Sheed won the seat.
In federal politics, Shepparton is located in a single House of Representatives division—the Division of Murray. The Division has been a safe Coalition seat since its inception in 1949 and was the seat of John McEwen, 18th Prime Minister of Australia.
Law enforcement is overseen from regional police headquarters in Welsford Street. It is one of two police stations in the urban area, with the second at Mooroopna and administers stations in several surrounding towns in the LGA. Justice is conducted at the Shepparton Courts complex at 14 High Street, a multi-jurisdictional centre that includes a Magistrates' Court, County Court, Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT) and Coroners Court. Corrections, are handled locally at the Community Correctional Centre on Wyndham Street.
Public safety and emergency services are provided by several state funded organisations including local volunteer based organisations. Storms and flooding are handled by the State Emergency Service (SES). Bushfires are handled by the Country Fire Authority.
Shepparton has numerous primary schools, such as state schools Bourchier Street Primary, Gowrie Street Primary, Guthrie Street Primary, St Georges Road Primary School, Grahamvale Primary, Kialla West Primary, Kialla Primary, Wilmot Road Primary, Shepparton East Primary and Orrvale Primary. Catholic primary schools include St. Brendan's, St. Mel's and St. Lukes. It also has a school catering for students with disabilities, called Verney Road School.
There are six secondary schools in the Shepparton Region, Mooroopna Secondary College, McGuire College, Shepparton High School and Wanganui Park Secondary College, as well as the Catholic Notre Dame College, and the private Goulburn Valley Grammar School.
The University of Melbourne's School of Rural Health and Rural Clinical School of the Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences are also based in Shepparton.
La Trobe University also has a campus offering a range of degree programs including Arts, Business/Commerce, Nursing/Health Sciences, and Education. Approximately 400 students attend the university which provides day, evening, part-time, and full-time study options.
Goulburn Ovens Institute of TAFE has two campuses, one in Fryers Street which hosts the organisation's administration department as well as many teaching departments, and the William Orr Campus, a 120 hectare property in Wanganui Road.
The city is located at the junction of the Midland Highway and the Goulburn Valley Highway, the latter which is being progressively converted to freeway standard. The Peter Ross-Edwards Causeway connects Shepparton to Mooroopna.
V/Line runs bus coach services to Wangaratta, Bendigo and Griffith, New South Wales. A dedicated bus service to Shepparton from Melbourne Airport is also run twice daily passing through Seymour and Nagambie.
Shepparton Airport, located south of the city on the Goulburn Valley Highway and is home to Gawne Aviation. Shepparton also has buses that run around the suburbs and Mooroopna
The Shepparton Adviser is a free newspaper delivering to a CAB-audited 34,745 homes, farms and businesses each week. This circulation equates to a conservative readership estimate of 60,000 per week and includes direct delivery to 3,000 local RMB addresses via Australia Post. The Shepparton Adviser is independently owned and is the largest circulating established free newspaper in the Goulburn and Murray Valleys.
The Shepparton News is a paid morning daily newspaper published by the McPherson Media Group. It has an audited average daily distribution of 12–14,000. From the same publisher, The SN Weekly is a free newspaper delivered directly across the wider Shepparton area. The Country News, with an audited circulation of 55,000 is aimed at the farming community in the Goulburn Valley and surrounding regions, and is included as an insert in the Shepparton News, Riverine Herald (Echuca), Seymour Telegraph, Cobram Courier, McIvor Times (Heathcote), Pastoral Times (Deniliquin), Benalla Ensign, Euroa Gazette, Southern Riverina News (Finley), Kyabram Free Press and the Campaspe Valley News (Rochester).
- ABC Radio National 621 AM / 756 AM (government-funded, mostly news, current affairs and the arts)
- 774 ABC Melbourne 774 AM (government-funded, mostly news and talkback)
- RSN Racing & Sport 1260 AM (narrowcast)
- Vision Radio Network 1413 AM (Christian and Gospel) – service operated by United Christian Broadcasters Australia Pty Ltd
- Raw FM 87.6 FM (dance music station)
- Triple J 94.5 FM (government-funded Youth Radio)
- 95 3SR FM 95.3 FM (commercial)
- ABC Classic FM 96.1 FM (government-funded, classical music station)
- Star FM 96.9 FM (commercial) – formerly known as Sun FM.
- 97.7 ABC Shepparton 97.7 FM (government-funded local news, current affairs, light entertainment and talkback)
- ONE FM 98.5 FM (community / not-for-profit) 
- Radio for the Print Handicapped 100.1 FM
- ABC NewsRadio 107.7 FM (government-funded national news, current affairs and parliamentary broadcasts)
Shepparton is served by three commercial television networks and two publicly owned services:
The new digital channels broadcast by all the networks in addition to the main stations are available on Freeview to viewers in Shepparton and the wider Goulburn and Murray Valley regions.
Of the three commercial networks, WIN Television (previously GMV-6 and 'Television Victoria') airs a 30-minute local news bulletin each weeknight while Southern Cross Ten produces Weeknights, an evening news magazine program from Monday to Friday.
On 5 May 2011, analogue television transmissions ceased in regional Victoria and some border regions including the Goulburn Valley and parts of the Southern Riverina in New South Wales. All local free-to-air television services are now broadcasting in digital transmission only as part of the Federal Government`s plan for Digital terrestrial television in Australia.
- Thomas Shadrach James – Linguist and herbalist
Arts and music
- Adam Briggs – Musician
- Anson Cameron – Author
- Adam Donovan – Musician and founder of Augie March
- Joseph Furphy – Author
- Amanda Garner – Ballroom dancer
- Edward Harrington – Poet and author
- Sir Bernard Thomas Heinze – Musician
- John Longstaff – Painter
- Sam Ludeman – Actor and singer
- Clint Morris – Film producer
- Glenn Richards – Musician and founder of Augie March
- Danielle Rowe – Ballerina
Politics and business
- Kaye Darveniza – Politician
- Damian Drum – Politician
- John Furphy – Inventor of the Furphy water-cart
- Wendy Lovell - Politician
- Jeanette Powell – Politician
- Richard Pratt – Businessman
- John Richardson – Politician and author
- Jim Short – Politician and diplomat
- Peter Ross-Edwards - Politician
- Michael Barlow – Australian rules footballer
- Aiden Blizzard – Cricketer
- Marc Bullen – Australian rules footballer
- Shannon Byrnes – Australian rules footballer
- Thomas Clurey – Australian rules footballer
- David Code – Australian rules footballer
- Justin Davies – Australian rules footballer
- Louise Dobson – Field hockey fullback at the 1996 Olympics
- Kevin Doolan – Australian Motorcycle speedway racer
- Robert Enes – Footballer
- Shaun Hart – Australian rules footballer
- Jarman Impey – Australian rules footballer
- Peter Jacobson – Motor racing driver
- Glenn James – Australian rules football umpire
- Alex Keath – Cricketer
- Steven King – Australian rules footballer
- Frankie Lagana – Footballer
- Brett Lancaster – Cyclist
- Vince Lia – Footballer
- Jarrod Lyle – Golfer
- Lee Naylor – Athlete
- Doug Palmer – Australian rules footballer
- Steele Sidebottom – Australian rules footballer
- Bryan Thomson – Motor racing driver
- David Wirrpanda – Australian rules footballer
Clubs and associations
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Shepparton-Mooroopna (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2 June 2014.
- Greeves, A. F. A. (28 September 1860). "The Town Reserve of Shepparton". Victoria Government Gazette (121). Melbourne: Government Printer. p. 1828. Retrieved 10 February 2016 – via State Library of Victoria.
- Macquarie Dictionary, Fourth Edition (2005). Melbourne: The Macquarie Library. ISBN 1-876429-14-3.
- Bill Wannan, Australian Folklore, Lansdowne Press, 1970, reprint 1979 ISBN 0-7018-1309-1, under "Place Names", page 422, citing William Sandry James, A History of Shepparton, 1938.
- Robertson, Wendy (8 September 1993). "Long history behind Yorta Yorta land claim". Green Left Weekly (114). Retrieved 15 February 2016.
- "Shepparton". The Sydney Morning Herald. 17 January 2008. Retrieved 10 February 2016.
- "From Macguires Punt to Greater Shepparton". Shepparton Heritage Centre. Shepparton Heritage Centre Inc. 2010. Archived from the original on 11 January 2016. Retrieved 11 January 2016.
- "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2 January 2012.
- "Yahna Gurtji Shared Pathway" (PDF). Greater Shepparton City Council. The Greater Shepparton City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 April 2013.
- Sid Brown (March 1990), "Tracks Across the State", Newsrail, Australian Railway Historical Society (Victorian Division), pp. 71–76.
- "Key drivers of change – City of Greater Shepparton forecast". forecast.id.com.au. 8 October 2009. Archived from the original on 13 August 2011. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
- Tapper, Andrew; Tapper, Nigel (1996). Gray, Kathleen, ed. The weather and climate of Australia and New Zealand (First ed.). Melbourne: Oxford University Press. p. 300. ISBN 0-19-553393-3.
- Shepparton Weather. Shepparton.com.au. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
- "Climate statistics for Australian locations". Bureau of Meteorology. April 2014. Retrieved April 2014. Check date values in:
- Shepparton Theatre Arts Group Inc. Stagtheatre.com. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
- Australian Harness Racing, Shepparton, retrieved 11 May 2009
- Greyhound Racing Victoria, Shepparton, archived from the original on 31 March 2009, retrieved 15 April 2009
- Golf Select, Shepparton, retrieved 11 May 2009
- 4705.0 – Population Distribution, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians, 2006. Abs.gov.au. Retrieved on 18 August 2011.
- "Census 2011 QuickStats Shepparton". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "Census 2011 QuickStats Shepparton Statistical Area Level 3". Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian Bureau of Statistics. 28 March 2013. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
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