Sher Ali Afridi

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Sher Ali Afridi, photograph taken after he killed Lord Mayo

Sher Ali Afridi also called Shere Ali, was the murderer of Lord Mayo, Viceroy of India on 8 February 1872. He was a prisoner at Andaman and Nicobar Islands at the time.

Early life[edit]

Sher Ali worked for the British administration in the Punjab Mounted Police during the 1860s.[1] He came from the Tirah valley in Khyber Agency (now a Federally Administered Tribal Area) and worked for the Commissioner of Peshawar.[2] He served the British in Ambala in a cavalry regiment[2] He served in the Indian army in Rohilkhand and Oudh during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, that is, the Indian Soldiers serving the East India Company).[3] He worked under Major Hugh James as a cavalry trooper in Peshawar and as a mounted orderly for Reynell Taylor, who awarded Sher Ali with a horse, pistol and certificate.[4] Due to his good character, Sher Ali was popular among Europeans and was taking care of Taylor's children.[4] In a family feud, he killed one of his relatives named Hydur[4] at Peshawar in broad daylight and although he pleaded innocence, he was sentenced to death on 2 April 1867. On appeal, his conviction was reduced by a judge, Colonel Pollock,[4] to life imprisonment[1] and he was deported to Kala Pani or Andaman and Nicobar Islands, to serve his sentence.[2] Since his arrival, he was acknowledged to have behaved well since 1871, and so was permitted to work as a barber at Port Blair.[4]

Murder of Lord Mayo[edit]

Lord Mayo, Viceroy of India from 1869, was visiting the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in February 1872. The island group was then used as a British penal colony for convicts from India, criminals and political prisoners alike.[4] Lord Mayo was involved in drafting the regulations of Port Blair, the principal town of the islands.[1] On 8 February, when the Viceroy had almost completed his inspection and was returning at 7:00 PM to his boat, where Lady Mayo was also waiting, Sher Ali Afridi appeared from the dark and stabbed him.[1] Sher Ali was immediately arrested by 12 security personnel. Lord Mayo soon bled to death.[1] This incident, which attracted much attention to the island group, happened at the foot of Mount Harriet.[5]


The murder of the Viceroy, the supreme official of India appointed by British, sent shock waves throughout Britain and British India.[4] Sher Ali Afridi wanted to kill two white people, the Superintendent and the Viceroy as a revenge for his sentence, which he thought was more severe than he deserved.[1] He waited for a full day and only in the evening, found an opportunity to kill the Viceroy. He said that he killed on the instructions of God and his partner in this act was only God.[4] He readily posed for photographs.[1] Some Wahhabi jihadist-inspired prisoners were jailed at Andaman during the same period but the British found no link to the murder of the Viceroy and the presence of these prisoners.[4] Sher Ali Afridi was condemned to death and was hanged on the gallows of Viper Island prison,[1] on 11 March 1873.[2]

His act of murdering the Viceroy was said to be a mere criminal act for personal reasons. However, some modern scholars are re-interpreting this.[4]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "The Murder of Lord Mayo 1872". Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Sher Ali Afridi". Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  3. ^ Hussain, Hamid. "Tribes and Turbulance". Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j James, Halen. "The Assassination of Lord Mayo : The "First" Jihad?" (PDF). IJAPS,Vol 5, No.2 (July 2009). Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  5. ^ Kapse, Ram (21 December 2005). "Hundred years of the Andamans Cellular Jail". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 


  • F.A.M. Dass (1937): The Andaman Islands.
  • Prof. Sen : Disciplining Punishment: Colonialism and Convict Society in the Andaman Islands. Oxford University Press.