Sher Bahadur Deuba

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The Right Honorable
Sher Bahadur Deuba
सम्माननीय
शेरबहादुर देउवा
Sher bahadur.jpg
Deuba laughing
Prime Minister of Nepal
Assumed office
7 June 2017
President Bidhya Devi Bhandari
Preceded by Pushpa Kamal Dahal
In office
3 June 2004 – 1 February 2005
Monarch Gyanendra
Preceded by Surya Bahadur Thapa
Succeeded by Girija Prasad Koirala
In office
26 July 2001 – 4 October 2002
Monarch Gyanendra
Preceded by Girija Prasad Koirala
Succeeded by Lokendra Bahadur Chand
In office
12 September 1995 – 12 March 1997
Monarch Birendra
Preceded by Man Mohan Adhikari
Succeeded by Lokendra Bahadur Chand
President of the Nepali Congress
Assumed office
7 March 2016
Preceded by Sushil Koirala
Personal details
Born (1946-06-13) 13 June 1946 (age 71)
Ashigram, Nepal
Political party Nepali Congress (Before 2002; 2007–present)
Nepali Congress-Democratic (2002–2007)
Spouse(s) Arzu Rana Deuba
Signature
Website Official website

Sher Bahadur Deuba About this sound listen (Nepali: शेर बहादुर देउवा) born June 13, 1946)is a Nepalese politician and the Prime Minister of Nepal, in office since 2017.[1] He previously served as Prime Minister from 1995 to 1997, from 2001 to 2002, and from 2004 to 2005. He is also the President of the Nepali Congress, elected with more than 60% of the votes at the party's 13th Convention in 2016. He has twice been elected as the leader of parliamentary party of the Nepali Congress, thus enabling him to be elected twice as the Prime Minister of Nepal.

He was elected as Prime Minister for the second time when he succeeded Girija Prasad Koirala, who resigned in July 2001. He dissolved the House of Representatives on May 2002 in order to hold new elections but was unable to do so due to the ongoing civil war. This also led to a split in Nepali Congress with Deuba heading the Nepali Congress (Democratic). King Gyanendra then removed Deuba in October 2002 terming him incompetent[2] for not holding parliamentary elections. After two other governments, Gyanendra restored Deuba to the position of Prime Minister in 2004. He was again removed from office on 1 February 2005 by King Gyanendra, who dissolved the government for three years and seized direct power.

Deuba was sentenced to two years in prison in July 2005 under corruption charges, but was subsequently released on February 13, 2006, after the anti-corruption body that sentenced him was outlawed. An official from Deuba's Nepali Congress (Democratic) party, Dip Kumar Upadhaya, told the Associated Press that Deuba's release was "a victory for democracy and a humiliating defeat for the royal regime".[3]

Political career[edit]

Sher Bahadur Deuba during his first stint as Prime Minister

He has been elected as a Member of Parliament three times, representing Dadeldhura District.

Following street protests against the UML government of Man Mohan Adhikari, he was declared the Parliamentary Leader of Nepali Congress in 1994.

In the election held to select the Parliamentary Leader for Nepali Congress following the resignation of G. P. Koirala, in 2001, he defeated Sushil Koirala by a huge margin. This victory established him as a powerful leader, especially because his rival was supported by G. P. Koirala, the president of Nepali Congress.

However, in 2009, he lost the election for the position of the Leader of the Parliamentary Party of the Nepali Congress to Ram Chandra Paudel. His loss was attributed to his support for party leader G. P. Koirala, who wanted his daughter, Sujata Koirala (an unpopular leader), to lead the party.[citation needed]

Personal life[edit]

Deuba comes from Asigram - 3, Dadeldhura, one of the most remote district in the Far West Region of Nepal.

He is married to Dr. Arzu Rana Deuba and has a son, Jaiveer Singh Deuba.[citation needed]

In November 2016, Deuba was conferred an honorary doctorate degree by Jawaharlal Nehru University.[4]

Deouba has a Master Degree in Political Science while he holds Bachelors Degree in Arts and Law. He was also the Research Fellow of Political in Prestigious London School Of Economics from 1988 to 1989.

Nepali Congress (Democratic)[edit]

After dispute between Girija Prasad Koirala, President of Nepali Congress and Sher Bahadur Deuba, the Prime Minister, over continuation of Emergency Situation in Nepal, Nepali Congress underwent vertical split into Nepali Congress led by Koirala and Nepali Congress (Democratic) led by Deuba. Both parties ultimately merged in 2007 with the name of unified party to remain as Nepali Congress.[citation needed]

2008 Constituent Assembly election[edit]

In the Constituent Assembly election held on April 10, 2008, the Nepali Congress nominated Deuba as its candidate for Dadeldhura and Kanchanpur-4 constituencies under the first-past-the-post (FPTP) system.[5] He won from both the constituencies.

In the subsequent vote for Prime Minister, held in the Constituent Assembly on August 15, 2008, Deuba was nominated by the Nepali Congress, but was defeated by Prachanda of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Deuba received 113 votes, while Prachanda received 464.[6]

Socialist International[edit]

Deuba was elected as the Vice President of Socialist International during its Congress held in Athens, Greece from 30 June 2008 to 2 July 2008.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sher Bahadur Deuba elected 40th PM of Nepal". Retrieved 2017-06-06. 
  2. ^ Bhattarai, Kamal Dev. "Can Nepal's New Prime Minister Avert a Crisis?". The Diplomat. Retrieved 16 September 2017. 
  3. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/4711120.stm
  4. ^ "Deuba conferred JNU’s honorary doctorate degree". The Kathmandu Post. 7 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  5. ^ NC names FPTP candidates
  6. ^ "Ex-rebels' chief chosen as Nepal's new PM", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), August 15, 2008.
Political offices
Preceded by
Man Mohan Adhikari
Prime Minister of Nepal
1995–1997
Succeeded by
Lokendra Bahadur Chand
Preceded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Prime Minister of Nepal
2001–2002
Preceded by
Surya Bahadur Thapa
Prime Minister of Nepal
2004–2005
Succeeded by
Girija Prasad Koirala
Preceded by
Pushpa Kamal Dahal
Prime Minister of Nepal
2017–present
Incumbent
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Chandrika Kumaratunga
Chair of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
2002
Succeeded by
Zafarullah Khan Jamali