Sher Singh

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Maharaja Sher Singh
Sher Singh.jpg
Maharaja of the Sikh Empire
Reign 18 January 1841 – 15 September 1843
Coronation 27 January 1841
Lahore Fort, Lahore
Predecessor Maharani Chand Kaur (as Regent)
Maharaja Nau Nihal Singh
Successor Maharaja Duleep Singh
Prime Minister
Born 4 December 1807
Batala, Sikh Empire, now Gurdaspur district, Punjab, India
Died 15 September 1843(1843-09-15) (aged 35)
Shah Bilaal gardens, Lahore, Sikh Empire, now Kot Khawaja Saeed, Lahore, Punjab, Pakistan
Spouse Desa Kaur Nakai
(m. 1819; her death 1821)

Prem Kaur Waraich
(m. 1822; his death 1843)

Bibi Pratap Kaur Jagat Singh Brar
(m. 1825; his death 1843)

Dakno Kaur Mai Sahiba
(m. 1842; his death 1843)
Issue By Maharani Desa Kaur:
* None
By Maharani Prem Kaur:
* Kanwar Pratap Singh Bahadur
By Maharani Pratap Kaur:
* Kanwar Deva Singh Bahadur
By Maharani Dakno Kaur:
* Shahdeo Singh Bahadur
Father Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab
Mother Mehtab Kaur Kanhaiyā
Religion Sikhism

Maharaja Sher Singh (4 December 1807 – 15 September 1843) was a son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and in 1841 became Maharaja of the Sikh Empire and the Punjab.

In 1820, Maharaja Ranjit Singh granted him the privilege of being seated in the Darbar and bestowed civil and military honours on him. From 1831 to 1834 he acted as Governor of Kashmir and in 1834 he was a commander in the force that captured Peshawar from the Afghans.[1]


He was the son of Maharaja Ranjit Singh and Maharani Mehtab Kaur, who was also the mother of Prince Tara Singh (1807-1859). (Mehtab Kaur, who was also known as Mahitab Kaur, is not to be confused with Maharani Mahtab Devi Sahiba, daughter of Maharaja Sansar Chand of Kangra, another wife, who committed sati in 1839 with Ranjit Singh lying with his head on her lap.)


The Maharaja Sher Singh

He became Maharaja on 27 January 1841,[1] after the sudden death of Nau Nihal Singh whose death was set in motion, some say purposely, while returning from his father's cremation. He was the half brother of Nau Nihal Singh's father, Maharaja Kharak Singh.

Proclaimed Maharaja by his wazir (prime minister) Dhian Singh Dogra, he won the throne after a protracted siege of the Lahore Fort which was held by the Royal family. Thousands died in the siege.

Maharaja Sher Singh (1807-1843) seated, attended by his council in the Lahore Fort.

Historians[which?] record that he was not very smart politically and let the Dogra brothers take charge of all functions of state. The Dogras, like puppet masters, pulled the strings of others to bring about the death of Sher Singh.

Sher Singh was killed as he reached for a new shotgun held by Ajit Singh Sandhawalia, his cousin, who pulled the trigger. Sher Singh only had time to utter, "what treachery." The Sandhawalias also murdered Dhian Singh. The Sandhawalias were thought to have also had designs on the empire.


  1. ^ a b Hasrat, B.J. "Sher Singh, Maharaja". Encyclopaedia of Sikhism, Editor-in-Chief Harbans Singh. Punjab University Patiala. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Chand Kaur
Maharaja of the Sikh Empire
18 January 1841– 15 September 1843
Succeeded by
Duleep Singh