Sherardizing is a process of galvanization of ferrous metal surfaces, also called vapour galvanising and dry galvanizing. The process is named after the British metallurgist Sherard Osborn Cowper-Coles (son of naval inventor Cowper Phipps Coles) who invented and patented the method ca. 1900. This process involves heating the steel parts up to ca. 500°C in a closed rotating drum that also contains metallic zinc dust and possibly an inert filler, such as sand. At temperatures above 300°C, zinc evaporates and diffuses into the steel substrate forming diffusion bonded Zn-Fe-phases.
Sherardising is ideal for small parts and parts that require coating of inner surfaces, such as batches of small items. Part size is only limited by the drum size. It is reported that pipes up to 6 m in length for the oil industry are sherardised. If the metal surface is free of scale or oxides, no pretreatment is needed. The process is hydrogen free, therefore a hydrogen embrittlement is excluded.
BS EN 13811: 2003 Sherardizing. Zinc diffusion coatings on ferrous products. Specification
BS EN ISO 14713-3: 2009 Zinc coatings. Guidelines and recommendations for the protection against corrosion of iron and steel in structures. Part 3. Sherardizing
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- US patent 701298, Sherard & Cowper-Coles, "Process of depositing metals on metallic surfaces and the product thereof", published 1902/6/3
- "Original Patent (Google patents)".
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- H.G. Arlt, Finishes on the Metal Parts of Telephone Apparatus, Bell Laboratories Record, Volume 9(4), 175 (December 1932)