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The Sherbro and its hinterland (1901)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Sierra Leone (Bonthe District and the Western Area)|
|Sherbro, Krio, Sierra Leone English|
|Traditional African religions, Islam|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Sherbro people are a native people of Sierra Leone, who speak the Sherbro language; they make up 3% of Sierra Leone's population or about 201,000. The Sherbros are primarily found in their homeland in Bonthe District, where they make up 45% of the population, in coastal areas of Moyamba District, and in the Western Area of Sierra Leone, particularly in Freetown. During pre-colonial days, the Sherbro were one of the most dominant ethnic group in Sierra Leone, but today only few ethnic Sherbro are found in Sierra Leone. The Sherbro speak their own language called Sherbro language. The vast majority of Sherbro people are Christian.
The Sherbro are primarily fisherman and traders. They have a rich culture, that has integrated some western culture and ideals. Their culture is unlike that of all other ethnic groups in Sierra Leone. The only Sierra Leonean ethnic group whose culture is similar (in terms of embrace of Western culture) are the Krio people, descended largely from African Americans who were freed by the British and came from Nova Scotia after the American Revolutionary War. The Sherbro and the Krios are close allies; they have intermarried from as far back as the 1790s.
As native to Sierra Leone, the Sherbro history dates to pre-colonial times. In the 18th century, the Sherbro began to get involved in the slave trade and became more powerful than the European slave traders. They began to employ the Mende people to work for them to find slaves to meet the growing demand. In the 1920s, the Sherbro people were still being ruled by their own chiefs.
The Sherbro were one of many ethnic groups living in Sierra Leone before the colonial era. The first interaction with Europeans came during the 15th century, when Portuguese explorers, settlers, and traders came to Sierra Leone.
The English followed soon after and in the 1620s, they had a number of agents trading and purchasing items in the Sherbro Country. The Sherbro intermarried with them. Like the Krios, the Sherbro have a more westernized culture than that of other Sierra Leone ethnic groups. The Krios generally intermarried with their allies the Sherbros from as far back as the 18th century.
Relationship with the Krios
De-tribalised Sherbro easily assimilate as Krio, given that they share the Christian faith and Western names.
- Thomas Corker - (died 1700) British born Irish man and progenitor of the Sherbro Caulker clan
- Kpana Lewis (1830–1912), Sherbro Chief and opponent of colonial rule
- Barnabas Root (born Fahma Yahny) (died 1877) Clergyman and missionary to his nation
- John Karefa-Smart, Sierra Leonean politician and the former leader of the United National People's Party (UNPP)
- John Akar, Sierra Leonean entertainer; who composed the music of the Sierra Leone's national anthem
- Henry M. Joko-Smart, former Supreme Court Justice of Sierra Leone
- Desmond Luke, former Sierra Leone Foreign Minister and Chief Justice
- Patricia Kabbah, late First Lady of Sierra Leone and late wife of former President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah
- John Kizell, African-American immigrant to Sierra Leone born on Sherbro Island
- Paul Kpaka, footballer, Sierra Leone
- Christian Caulker, footballer, Sierra Leone
- Michael Tommy, footballer, Sierra Leone
- B. J. Tucker, an American football cornerback with the San Francisco 49ers of the NFL.
- Seniora Doll, Sherbro princess during the early years of Sierra Leone
- Peter L. Tucker, Chief Executive for the Commission for Racial Equality (UK)
- Joseph Christian Humper, a bishop in the United Methodist Church
- Thomas Caulker, King of Bumpey
- Sherbro Bullom
- Sherbro Caulkers
- Sherbro Clevelands
- Sherbro Hubbards
- Sherbro Macfoy
- Sherbro Rogerses
- Sherbro Rutile
- Sherbro Tuckers
- Thomas Corker, Chief Royal African agent in Sherbro country
- Seniora Doll, married Thomas Corker; their descendants are the Shenge and Bonthe Caulkers
- Adam Jones (1983). History in Africa, Vol. 10, pp. 151–162.