Sherburne F. Cook
|Sherburne Friend Cook|
December 31, 1896|
Massachusetts, United States
November 7, 1974 (aged 77)|
Monterey Peninsula, California, U.S.
|Occupation||Physiologist, Professor at UC Berkeley|
Sherburne Friend Cook was a physiologist by training, and served as professor and chairman of the department of physiology at the University of California, Berkeley. He was also a noted pioneer in population studies of the native peoples of North America and Mesoamerica and in field methods and quantitative analysis in archaeology.
Cook studied at Harvard University and served in France during World War I. He completed his Ph.D. thesis, The Toxicity of the Heavy Metals in Relation to Respiration, in 1925. He taught physiology at Berkeley from 1928 until his retirement in 1966.
Cook repeatedly returned to the problems of estimating the pre-Columbian populations of California, Mexico, and other regions, and of tracing the rate and reasons for their subsequent decline. He often arrived at higher figures for pre-contact populations than had previous scholars, and his work has not escaped criticism within this controversial field (e.g., W. Michael Mathes 2005).
- The Extent and Significance of Disease among the Indians of Baja California. 1935. Ibero-Americana No. 12. University of California, Berkeley.
- The Population of Central Mexico in the Sixteenth Century. 1948. Ibero-Americana No. 31. University of California, Berkeley.
- (with Woodrow Borah) Essays in Population History. 1971-1979. 3 vols. University of California Press, Berkeley.
- The Conflict between the California Indians and White Civilization. 1976. University of California Press, Berkeley. (Reprinting six studies originally published in Ibero-Americana, 1940-1943)
- The Population of the California Indians, 1769-1970. 1976. University of California Press, Berkeley.
- Brooks, Sheilagh T. 1976. "Tribute to Sherburne Friend , 1896-1974". Journal of California Anthropology 3:3-12.
- Mathes, W. Michael. 2005. "Reflections and Considerations Regarding Baja California Demography Before and During the Mission Period". In Archaeology without Limits: Papers in Honor of Clement W. Meighan, edited by Brian D. Dillon and Matthew A. Boxt, pp. 205–212. Labyrinthos, Lancaster, California.