Sheremetyevo International Airport

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Sheremetyevo
International Airport

Международный аэропорт Шереметьево
Sheremetyevo logo.png
Sheremetyevo view.JPG
IATA: SVOICAO: UUEE
Summary
Airport type Public
Operator International Airport Sheremetyevo
Serves Moscow, Russia
Location Khimki, Moscow Oblast
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 192 m / 622 ft
Coordinates 55°58′22″N 037°24′53″E / 55.97278°N 37.41472°E / 55.97278; 37.41472Coordinates: 55°58′22″N 037°24′53″E / 55.97278°N 37.41472°E / 55.97278; 37.41472
Website svo.aero
Map
UUEE is located in Moscow Oblast
UUEE
UUEE
Location in Moscow Oblast
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
07R/25L 3,700 12,139 Concrete
07L/25R 3,550 11,647 Concrete
Statistics (2013)
Number of Passengers 29,256,000
Aircraft Movements 243,858
Press release[1]

Sheremetyevo International Airport (Russian: Международный Аэропорт Шереме́тьево; IPA: [ʂɨrʲɪˈmʲetʲjɪvə]) (IATA: SVOICAO: UUEE) is an international airport located in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, Russia, 29 km (18 mi) northwest of central Moscow. It is a hub for passenger operations of the Russian international airline Aeroflot, and is one of the three major airports that serve Moscow, along with Domodedovo International Airport and Vnukovo International Airport (the IATA city code for Sheremetyevo, Domodedovo, and Vnukovo is MOW). It is the second-largest airport in Russia, after Domodedovo. In 2013, the airport handled 29,256,000 passengers and 243,858 aircraft movements.[1]

History[edit]

Sheremetyevo's Terminal F was built for the 1980 Moscow Olympics.

Sheremetyevo was opened on 11 August 1959; the first international flight took place on 1 June 1960 to Berlin Schönefeld Airport. The new airport received its name for two nearby venues: the village of Sheremetyevsky and the Savelov station on the railway of the same name. Sheremetyevo-1 (used by domestic flights) was opened on 3 September 1964. On 12 September 1967, the first scheduled passenger flight of the Tupolev Tu-134 departed from Sheremetyevo (to Stockholm), followed by the first scheduled flight of the Ilyushin Il-62 (to Montreal) on 15 September. Sheremetyevo-2, the larger of the two terminal complexes, opened on 1 January 1980 for the 1980 Summer Olympics. It was built according to the principles of design of Hannover-Langenhagen Airport, and was the arrival and departure point for international flights. Flights to cities in Russia and charter flights arrived and departed from Sheremetyevo-1. There is no physical connection between the two terminal complexes; they are essentially separate airports that use the same set of runways. Pulkovo Airport in Saint Petersburg; Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport in Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota; Sydney Airport in New South Wales, Australia; Perth Airport in Western Australia; Ferihegy in Budapest; and Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Manila, Philippines are other examples. In the 2000s, Sheremetyevo saw growing competition from a newer and more comfortable Domodedovo International Airport. With major airlines leaving Sheremetyevo (most notably, Lufthansa, El Al, British Airways, Iberia, Japan Airlines, Brussels Airlines, Austrian Airlines, and Swiss International Air Lines), the need for reconstruction had become evermore evident.[citation needed]

Since 3 July 2010, a walkway opened between Terminals D, E, F, and the Aeroexpress railway terminal on the public access side.[2] Since 2 November 2010, a walkway opened between Terminals D, E, and F on the security side.[3] Both of these simplify transfer between transit flights. After the reconstruction, the southern complex of the airport (terminals D, E and F) will be able to receive up to 25 million passengers annually. Ultimately, after the northern part of the airport is reconstructed, the airport will have the capacity to receive 40 million passengers annually.[4] Since December 25, 2009, all terminals have been identified by letters (Latin characters) as opposed to numbers. In December 2011, a new Area control center (ACC) was opened. It consolidates the gathering, monitoring, and control of the airport's different control centres across all of the organizations that have an impact on its efficient operation.[5] The Situational Center also forms part of the airport control center. SC is intended for joint work of top-managers, heads of state bodies, and partners of Sheremetyevo. It is activated only in the case of an emergency.[6]

A 20-year master plan (until 2025) that includes the incorporation of Terminal 3, the construction of a third runway, and the phased expansion of the airport, was developed in September 2008. The master plan aims to create a strategy for long-term land development. The Ministry of Transport has granted approximately $2bn from the Federal budget and $1bn from non-budgetary funds for the upgrade project. The contract to prepare the airport master plan was awarded to Scott Wilson Group.[7] Additionally, the airport's two runways are set for major reconstruction, including widening and resurfacing. The Moscow Oblast government has reserved adjacent land for a future third runway.

Terminals and infrastructure[edit]

Sheremetyevo International Airport has four operating passenger terminals and one special terminal reserved for the use of private and business aviation. The airport's terminals are divided into two groups based on geographical location: the north and south terminal areas. The two terminal areas are linked by regular internal and external bus services.

North terminals[edit]

Terminal A[edit]

Terminal A

Opened in 2012 to the east of Terminal B, Terminal A is used for the servicing of business and private aviation. Twenty-two remote stands, which previously made up the 'Western Sector' of Terminal B, now belong to Terminal A.

Terminal B[edit]

Terminal B, previously Sheremetyevo-1, catered mainly to internal low-cost flights.[4] The terminal has 64 remote aircraft stands, including 8 stands used for the maintenance of Aeroflot aircraft, and five in the 'Eastern Sector' which are used to service cargo flights. Located in the northern part of the airport, the terminal was put into operation in 1964. Is divided into two buildings: the arrival hall zone and departures area. Terminal B is remarkable for its architecturally unique and unusual spaceship-like gate area, which is connected to the main building by a passenger footbridge. The terminal's design was masterminded by a project team working under the guidance of architects and G Elkin Yu Kryukov.

Terminal C[edit]

Terminal C

Terminal C cost an estimated US$87.7 million to construct. It has 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft) of floorspace and has a capacity of 5 million passengers per year. The terminal now tends to handle flights of CIS carriers and charter airlines. On March 12, 2007, Sheremetyevo opened its first entirely new-build terminal for the servicing of international flights. Located in the northern part of the airport and adjacent to Terminal B, it has 30 check-in counters, 36 passport control booths, a three-level automatic baggage sorting system, and six air bridges. Terminal C is connected by way of an elevated pedestrian gallery with a multistory parking facility for 1,000 vehicles. In autumn 2008, an orthodox chapel (of Archangel Michael and the other Bodiless) was opened on the terminal's third (departures) floor.

South terminals[edit]

Terminal D[edit]

Terminal D

Terminal D, opened in November 2009, is adjacent to Terminal F. The 172,000 m2 (1,850,000 sq ft) building is a hub for Aeroflot and its SkyTeam partners, with capacity for 12 million passengers per year.[8] Aeroflot had been trying to implement the project of a new terminal (Sheremetyevo-3) since January 2001. However, construction only began in 2005, with commissioning of the complex finally taking place on 15 November 2009. The acquisition of its own terminal was a condition of Aeroflot's entry into the SkyTeam airline alliance, thus necessitating the construction. The main contractor for the build was a Turkish company - Enka. Terminal D has 22 jetways and 11 remote stands. On November 15, 2009 at 9:15 a.m., the first flight from Terminal D (the new official name of Sheremetyevo-3) departed for the southern resort city of Sochi. Despite this, Aeroflot took a number of months (due to unexpected administrative delays) to transfer all of its international flights from Terminal F to D (a full transfer was originally planned for February 2010).[9] Whilst previously Terminal D had remained a separate legal entity from the rest of Sheremetyevo Airport, in spring 2012, it became an integrated unit of "Sheremetyevo International Airport" JSC. As part of the deal, Aeroflot, VEB Bank, and VTB Bank, all of which had invested in the construction of Terminal D, became part shareholders in the airport as a whole. The basis for the architectural and artistic image of Terminal D is that of a giant swan with outstretched wings.

Terminal E[edit]

Terminal F

Terminal E[10] opened in 2010 as a capacity expansion project, connecting terminals D and F. The terminal's construction has allowed for the development of terminals D and F, as well as the railway station, into a single south terminal complex. The terminals of this complex are connected by a number of pedestrian walkways with travelators, thus allowing for passengers to move freely between its constituent facilities. In December 2010, a new chapel dedicated to St. Nicholas opened on the second floor of Terminal E. The terminal is used for international flights, primarily by Aeroflot and its SkyTeam partners. Terminal E has 8 jetway equipped gates. The V-Express Transit Hotel between security/passport check-ins provides short-term accommodations for passengers changing planes without having to present a visa for entering Russia. The hotel drew international attention in June 2013 when Edward Snowden checked into the hotel while seeking asylum.[11]

Terminal F[edit]

Opened on May 6, 1980 for the Moscow Summer Olympics, Terminal F, previously Sheremetyevo-2, has 15 jetways and 21 remote aircraft stands. The terminal was designed to service 6 million passengers per year. Until the completion of Terminal C, it was Sheremetyevo's only terminal that was capable of adequately servicing international flights. The design is a larger version of the one of Hannover-Langenhagen Airport by the same architects. A major reconstruction of the terminal and its interior space was completed by late 2009. For the convenience of passengers, the departures lounge and Duty Free zone were thoroughly modernised, whilst a number of partition walls were removed to create extra retail and lounge space.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Countries served by flights from Sheremetyevo International Airport (includes seasonal and future destinations).
Airlines Destinations Terminal
Adria Airways Ljubljana F
Aeroflot Abakan, Anapa, Antalya, Arkhangelsk,[12] Astrakhan, Baku, Barcelona, Barnaul, Berlin–Schönefeld, Bishkek, Blagoveshchensk, Budapest, Chelyabinsk, Chișinău,[13] Chita, Copenhagen, Dnipropetrovsk, Dresden, Düsseldorf, Eilat-Ovda, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Hanoi, Hanover, Havana, Helsinki, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Irkutsk, Istanbul–Atatürk, Kaliningrad, Karagandy, Kazan, Kemerovo, Khabarovsk, Kharkiv, Kiev–Boryspil, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk–Yemelyanovo, Larnaca, London–Heathrow, Los Angeles, Madrid, Magnitogorsk,[14] Miami, Milan–Malpensa, Mineralnye Vody, Minsk–National, Munich, Murmansk[12] New York–JFK, Nizhnekamsk, Nizhnevartovsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Novokuznetsk,[15] Novosibirsk, Novy Urengoy,[16] Odessa, Omsk, Orenburg, Oslo–Gardermoen, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Perm, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, Punta Cana, Riga, Rome–Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Samarkand, Seoul–Incheon, Simferopol, Sochi, Stockholm–Arlanda, Stuttgart, Surgut, Tallinn, Tashkent, Tbilisi,[17] Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Tokyo–Narita, Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa, Ulaanbaatar, Ulan-Ude, Venice, Vilnius, Voronezh, Vladivostok, Volgograd, Warsaw–Chopin, Washington–Dulles, Yakutsk,[18] Yekaterinburg, Yerevan, Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk
Seasonal: Gelendzhik, Innsbruck[19]
D
Aeroflot Bucharest, Dubai–International, Málaga, Nice, Prague, Thessaloniki, Tivat, Vienna, Zagreb
Seasonal: Split
E
Aeroflot Amsterdam, Athens, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Beijing–Capital, Beirut, Belgrade, Bologna, Brussels, Cairo, Delhi, Geneva, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Malé, Shanghai–Pudong, Sofia, Tehran–Imam Khomeini, Zürich
Seasonal: Denpasar/Bali, Goa, Phuket, Salzburg
Charter: Chambéry, Heraklion, Rhodes, Verona
F
Aeroflot
operated by Donavia
Mineralnye Vody, Rostov-on-Don, Stavropol D
Aeroflot
operated by Orenair
Irkutsk,[20] Khabarovsk, Krasnodar[20] D
Air Algérie Algiers, Vienna[21] C
Air Astana Almaty, Astana, Atyrau[22] E
airBaltic Riga E
Air China Beijing–Capital F
Air France Marseille, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Paris–Orly[23] E
Air Koryo Seasonal: Pyongyang[24] C
Air Malta Malta[25] F
Air Moldova Chișinău F
Air Serbia Belgrade F
Alitalia Milan–Malpensa, Rome–Fiumicino
Seasonal: Catania, Palermo, Pisa
D
Ariana Afghan Airlines Kabul[26] C
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Seasonal: Burgas, Varna
F
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Xi'an[27] F
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Ürümqi, Wuhan D
Czech Airlines Karlovy Vary, Prague F
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK D
Ellinair Seasonal: Thessaloniki (begins 22 July 2015)[28] E
Estonian Air Tallinn E
Finnair Helsinki D
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital E
KLM Amsterdam E
Iran Air Tehran–Imam Khomeini F
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon D
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin F
MIAT Mongolian Airlines Berlin–Tegel, Ulaanbaatar F
Nordavia Arkhangelsk, Krasnodar, Murmansk
Seasonal: Anapa[29]
D
Nordwind Airlines Charter: Alicante, Antalya, Barcelona, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Enfidha, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Ibiza, Larnaca, Málaga, Monastir, Olbia, Palma de Mallorca, Palermo, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South C
Onur Air Antalya Е
Orenair Charter: Agadir, Alicante, Antalya, Cebu, Dalaman, Dubai–International, Hangzhou, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Pardubice, Punta Cana, Sharjah, Sharm el-Sheikh, Split, Surabaya, Tianjin, Xi'an C
Royal Air Maroc Casablanca, Munich[30] E
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Stockholm–Arlanda D
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu[31] F
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines[32]
Prague[33] F
TAROM Bucharest[34] E
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona F

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atyrau, Beijing–Capital, Chengdu, Chicago-O'Hare, Frankfurt, Hahn, Helsinki, Hong Kong, Jakarta-Soekarno Hatta, Leipzig/Halle, Los Angeles, Milan–Malpensa, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Shanghai–Pudong, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Zaragoza, Zhengzhou
Air Koryo Pyongyang
Korean Air Cargo Frankfurt, Seoul–Incheon
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita
Polet Airlines Hong Kong, Lahore
TNT Airways Liège

Ground transportation[edit]

Rail[edit]

In November 2004, an express train connection was established from the Savyolovsky station to the Lobnya station, which is 7 km (4.3 mi) from the airport, with the remainder of the journey taken by bus or taxi. On 10 June 2008, a 60,000 square meter rail terminal opened in front of Terminal F, with direct service from Savyolovsky station. A shuttle bus service ferries passengers to Terminal B and Terminal C.[35] From 28 August 2009, the line was extended to Belorussky station, and by 2015, it is intended that a new central rail terminal will serve all three of Moscow's main airports. As of 2010, the train operates to Belorussky station nonstop, with the service at Savyolovsky eliminated. The rail link is operated by Aeroexpress, a subsidiary of Russian Railways.[36]

Road[edit]

The main road leading to the airport—Leningradskoye Highway—has experienced large traffic jams. Since 23 December 2014, toll road to the airport has been opened. It connects with MKAD near Dmitrovskoe Highway. Now it is possible to reach the airport in five minutes, avoiding traffic jams.[37] Slow buses and faster minivans (fixed price shared taxis, known as marshrutkas) connect Sheremetyevo with Moscow's extensive metro network. Official airport taxis are available from taxi counters in arrivals. Prices to the city are fixed based on zones. A shuttle bus connects the northern cluster (Terminals B and C) with the south cluster (Terminals D, E, and F).

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On 26 September 1960, Austrian Airlines Flight 901 crashed 11 km (6.8 mi) short of the runway at Sheremetyevo Airport. Of the 37 people on board, 31 died.[38]
  • On 27 November 1972, Japan Airlines Flight 446, a DC-8-62, crashed while in an initial climb on a route from Sheremetyevo International Airport to Haneda Airport. There were 14 crew members and 62 passengers on board the aircraft. A total of 9 crew and 52 passengers died, with a total of 61 of 76 occupants dead.[39]
  • On 28 July 2002, a Pulkovo Airlines Ilyushin Il-86 with 16 crew members and no passengers on board crashed shortly after takeoff. Two stewardesses survived.
  • On 23 June 2013, Edward J. Snowden, a former intelligence contractor on the run from American authorities, arrived on a flight from Hong Kong. He had resided in this airport for a month before being granted temporary asylum.[citation needed]

In popular culture[edit]

  • The airport is the setting of the opening of "Olympic Games" (1980), the 13th episode of the animated television series Nu, pogodi! (1969–2006).
  • The airport is featured in the action spy film The Bourne Supremacy (2004) starring Matt Damon. Terminal 2 is shown, followed by a scene shot at the arrival/pick-up area outside Terminal 2.
  • The airport (with a different name, Zakhaev International Airport) is featured in the first-person shooter video game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2 (2009) in the controversial mission "No Russian", during which Terminal D is attacked by terrorists.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sheremetyevo International Airport: Operating Results 2009". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  2. ^ http://svo.aero/en/between-terminals/south/
  3. ^ "Sheremetyevo International Airport Launches Walkway between Terminals D and E". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b "Sheremetyevo to Apply Literal Identification of Terminals". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Sheremetyevo's AMC: an investment in efficiency". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "The new control center of Sheremetyevo airport - Russian Aviation - RUAVIATION.COM". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Sheremetyevo International Airport (SVO/UUEE) - Airport Technology". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  8. ^ "Moscow Sheremetyevo T3 opening slated for November; Russian chain Rosinter rounds out food & beverage offer – 25/08/09 - TheMoodieReport.com". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Transfer of international flights to the Sheremetyevo Terminal D delayed once more :: Russia-InfoCentre". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  10. ^ Official website - Airport Map
  11. ^ "Snowden’s plane lands in Havana, NSA leaker not seen aboard". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  12. ^ a b L, J (24 April 2014). "AEROFLOT Plans Moscow – Arkhangelsk / Murmansk Service from Jan 2015". Airline Route. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  13. ^ Пахольницкий, Николай (16 July 2014). ""Аэрофлот" окрыляет Молдову". Коммерсантъ-MD. Infinit-Media. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  14. ^ ""Аэрофлот" будет летать из Москвы в Магнитогорск". TRAVEL.RU. 12 March 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  15. ^ "Аэрофлот открыл продажу билетов на регулярные рейсы Москва – Новокузнецк - Москва". Новости. Аэрофлот. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  16. ^ L, J (25 December 2013). "AEROFLOT Resumes Novy Urengoy Service from late-March 2014". UBM Live. Retrieved 25 December 2013. 
  17. ^ "Season timetable". destination: Tbilisi. Sheremetyevo International Airport. Retrieved 7 April 2014. 
  18. ^ Плохотниченко, Юрий (11 December 2012). ""Аэрофлот" будет летать из Москвы в Якутск". Travel.ru. Retrieved 13 December 2012. 
  19. ^ http://www.aeroflot.ru/eng/about.aspx?ob_no=549&d_no=35020
  20. ^ a b "АЭРОФЛОТ И ОРЕНБУРГСКИЕ АВИАЛИНИИ НАЧИНАЮТ СОВМЕСТНУЮ ЭКСПЛУАТАЦИЮ ЛИНИЙ МОСКВА - ИРКУТСК И МОСКВА - КРАСНОДАР". АвиаПорт.Ru. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  21. ^ "Air Algerie to Consolidate Vienna / Moscow Operations in W14". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  22. ^ "Эйр Астана. Новый рейс Атырау-Москва-Атырау". International Travel plus. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 4 February 2013. 
  23. ^ "Air France хочет летать в Москву из обоих аэропортов Парижа". Travel.ru. 8 October 2012. Retrieved 9 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "Flights Schedule" (PDF). Air Koyro. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  25. ^ "Flights Schedule" (PDF). Air Malta. Retrieved 29 January 2013. 
  26. ^ ": : : Ariana : : : flight schedules". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  27. ^ L, J (9 June 2014). "China Eastern Adds Xi'An – Moscow Service from July 2014". Airline Route. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  28. ^ http://el.ellinair.com/
  29. ^ "Nordavia Adds New Routes in S15". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  30. ^ "Royal Air Maroc S15 Moscow Service Changes". Airlineroute.net. 25 March 2015. Retrieved 25 March 2015. 
  31. ^ "Sichuan Airlines to Start Chengdu – Moscow Service from May 2015". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  32. ^ "SmartWings Contact". smartwings.com. 
  33. ^ "SmartWings Flight schedule". smartwings.com. 
  34. ^ L, J (22 October 2013). "TAROM Resumes Geneva and Moscow Service in W13". Airline Route. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  35. ^ "Aeroexpress services and the tariffs". 
  36. ^ Train Takes Stress Out of Sheremetyevo
  37. ^ "Toll Road to Sheremetyevo has Opened". We heart Moscow. Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  38. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  39. ^ "28 NOV 1972 McDonnell Douglas DC-8-62 Japan Air Lines - JAL." Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved on 23 March 2009.
  40. ^ Harro Ranter (6 July 1982). "ASN Aircraft accident Ilyushin 62M CCCP-86513 Moskva-Sheremetyevo Airport (SVO)". Retrieved 2 June 2015. 
  41. ^ Hradecky, Simon. "Accident: Aeroflot IL96 at Moscow on Jun 3rd 2014, caught fire while parked". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 3 June 2014. 

External links[edit]