Shergarh, Tanawal

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Shergarh, Tanawal is a village and union council in Oghi Tehsil, Mansehra District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan.[1] It was once the summer capital of the former Tanawal State (also called Amb State and Tanawal).[2]

Summer residence of the Nawab of Amb, Shergarh, Mansehra

History[edit]

Amab was a princely state of the former British Raj ruled over by the Tonoli tribes. Following pakistani independence in 1947. and ofr some months afterwards, Amab's Nawab remained unaligned. However,, at the end of December 1947 he acceded to pakistna, while retaining internal self Govt. Amb continued as a pricely state of pakistan until 1969, when it was incorporated into North west it was incorporated into North west frontier province at the Time of Nawabi's the capital of State was Darband and summer residence of Nawab was Shergarh, Shergarh was traditionally the summer residence of the Nawabs of Amb, which was incorporated in Pakistan in 1972, and is now part of Mansehra district of Hazara division, Khyber-Pakhtoonkhwa province. During the 1960s, when the other residences of the Amb Nawab, i.e. Amb and Darband, were flooded by the construction of the Tarbela Dam on the River Indus, Shergarh became the main residence.

Present situation[edit]

Today, Shergarh is a modest-sized village with few amenities. Its most prominent feature is the "Shergarh Fort", where the Nawab resided and where the present chief of Tanolis and son of the last Nawab, Nawabzada Salahuddin Saeed Khan lives part of the year.

In recent years, Shergarh and some of its environs split from the Tanawal area and came under the jurisdiction of the Oghi tehsil/subdivision of Mansehra district. Mir Painda Khan spent a lifelong rebelion against the sikkh, who realizing the potential dangers of his rebellion, set up forts at strategic location to keep him in check. Hari singh nalwa took this initiative during his governship. in order to consolidate his hold on Tanawal and to unite the Tanoli People, painda khan had to first contend with his major rivals within the tribe itself, i.e. the chief o fthe Suba Khani/ Pallal Section, whom he subdued after a bitter struggle. Painda khan set the tone for the regional resistance in upper Hazara against Sikh Rule. in 1828 he created and gifted the smaller neighboring state of Phulera to his younger brother Madad Khan. Painda khan also briefly took over the valley of Agror in 1834. the Swatis inhabiting it appealed to Sardar Hari Singh, who was unable helm them at that time. but 1841 Hari singh's Successor restored agror to Ata Muhammad Sawati the Chief of that Area, a descendant of the Mullah Akhund Sad-ud-din. Jahandad Khan was the son of Mir Painda Khan. in 1852, Jehandad Khan was summoned by the president of the Board of administration in relation to a murder enquiry to two british officers, supposedly on his land. in fact, this related to the murder of two british salt Tax Collectors by some tribesman in the neighbouring "Kala Dhaka (Tor Ghar), which eventually led to the punitive First Black mountain campaign / expedition of 1852. the president of the Board of Administration was Sir John Lawrence, later to be the Lieutenant- Governor of the Panjab, and he visited Haripur Hazara, where he invited many Hazara's Chiefs in a meeting relating to murder of tow British officers and various other matters, at a general Darbar. Jahandad Khan was able to successfully establish his innocence and consolidate his position. Jahandad khan's relationship with british india i summed in the following lines in a letter dated 8 january 1859 from R. Temple, secretory to chief Commissioner of the panjab: 5. the term " Jagir" has never appeared to me applicable in any sense to this ( Jehandad Khan) hereditary domain (upper Tanawal), for it was never granted as such by the sikhs or by our Govt. we upheld the Khan as we found him in his position as a feudal Lord an large proprietor. Jehandad Khan son's Nawab Bahadur Sir Muhammad Akram Khan, was given the title of Nawab in perpetuity by the british.

References[edit]

  • Soldier Sahibs: Men who made the North West Frontier, Charles Allen, page 139.

External links[edit]