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Remains of the fort of the Kol rulers. One of the boundaries of the fort is visible in this picture.
|Elevation||121 m (397 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Sherghati (formerly Shergotty) is a town of the Gaya district in Bihar, India. The Morhar River surrounds it; that is why the length of the city is much more than the width.
The area was famous for its lions or "Sher" in Hindi. An origin story says that a general Farid Khan had hunted a lion at this very place; subsequently Farid was known as Sher Suri, and when he became the ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, defeating Humayun, became Sher Shah Suri. During British rule, Sherghati was a place of administrative importance as a Commissionary headquarters.
The economy of the town is based on trade. Sherghati is a famous market of crops. The farmers of the neighbouring villages come to sell their farm produce, and traders of crops buy them. N.H. 2 passes through the town. This road is also known as Grand Trunk Road, touching Kolkata on the one side and Peshawar (Pakistan) on the other side. This road was renovated in 2007 under the Golden Quadrilateral Project of the Government of India.
A number of freedom fighters belonged to this place. During the Indian Independence struggle, the residents of Sherghati contributed to the movement. The Zamindars of the town contributed by donating land during the Bhudan Movement.
According to the legend, when Aurangzeb attacked Sherghati after conquering Aurngabad, the brave Kols of Sherghati stopped the Mughal army at the bank of Morhar river and did not let them enter the borders of Sherghati. The two soldiers of the Mughal army under the Aurangzeb's rule, Quamar Ali and Sultan Ali were brought to death by the Kols. They were entombed river side near Hamzapur. Now this place is visited by both the Hindus and the Muslims. This is probably one the reasons why the towns that come after Sherghati while coming from Aurangabad retain their original adivasi names (Gamharia, Dobhi, Barachatti, Chauparan, etc.
Sherghati is the southernmost major town of Bihar. It shares the common boundary with the Chatra district of Jharkhand in south. The thick forest belt of Jharkhand loses its presence while we reach Sherghati. The east side is district Aurangabad, north side is the way to the main city of Gaya. It has two main rivers one is Morhar and the other is called Sorhar (boodhi nadi) or the old river. The soil is very fertile due to depositional work of two rivers and the farmers enjoy a better irrigation facility. The water table is also good.
The town is well connected by means of road transportation. The famous G.T. Road now a part of Golden Quadrilateral Express National Highway passes through the heart of the town in the East-West direction connecting this town directly from the capital city Delhi and the Kolkata including the cities like Aurangabaad, Mughalsarai, Varanasi, Allahabad, Kanpur, Hazaribagh, Dhanbaad, e.t.c.
The town is also well connected with its district centre by state highways in two routes i.e. via Dobhi-Bodhgaya and via Jogapur-Cherki. There is also well linked metalled road. The Railway linkage is upto Gaya and the airport facility is available in Bodhgaya
Like most of the towns in Bihar, Sherghati is prominently dominated by agri-based industries. The major cash crops produced here are rice, wheat, pulses, groundnut and sugar cane. Industrialization of this area, as is the case with most of Bihar, has largely been neglected by the successive state and central governments. The major reason for the private sector not participating in the process is the lack of basic facilities like electricity, irrigation and roads. Electricity, for example, is available for only 6 to 8 hours per day. This statistic is as per the present scenario, earlier (before 2000) it used to be 2 to 4 hours per day, with several days without any supply.
Around forty to fifty years back, the condition of industries in this area was far better comparatively. Since at that time most of the Indian villages did not have access to electricity, the cost of production for industries in Sherghati was almost the same as in other villages. But as soon as electricity reached the remote villages in other parts of the country, the industrialists (though small-scale) in Sherghati faced fierce competition from them, and this led to the closure of industries that had just started to flourish in this area. One typical example is the closure of Sheo Narayan Flour and Oil Mills, which was situated in the Gola Bazar area of Sherghati. It was started in the 1950s by Ram Sharan Prasad Arya, a local businessman. At that time there were only two or three oil mills in the entire Gaya District. The entire plant was imported from England via Calcutta. But the functioning of the mill was finally stopped in the 1980s after a series of interruptions.
At present there is probably no industry (even small-scale) in Sherghati that can boast of a considerable growth rate. Although Sherghati has potential to grow on this front, it still lacks in law and order implementation. Now some development witnessed the progress of the area especially in the communication. Entrepreneurship is the up-and-coming major employment sector of the area, and there are a few success stories.
Sherghati has always been in the news for Communist uprisings in the area. But if we talk about the main town inside 20 to25 km radius (in west upto Humzapur and Moulanachak; in east up to Gopalpur or we can say up to Dobhi; in south up to the Gas Agency and the north side is totally clear) there is not any news of unwanted incidents of Naxalites or other extremist group till now. The area nearby the Jharkhand border which covers the dense forest and occupied by the mountains and valleys the home of various extremist organisations like Naxalites, MCC (Maoist Communist Centre), PWG (Peoples War Group), etc. and their counterparts, the Ranvir Sena.
In 1952, the Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Act was passed, and a large portion of the Sherghati Estate (Darbar House), which was owned by Babu Panchratan Lal, Babu Brijmohan Lal and Shiv Prasad Rauniyar was handed over to the government. They were the zamindars of Sherghati region and occupied a lot of land in the area; still the famous and rich area of sherghati is Darbar House.
But the discontent of the underprivileged, landless and the unemployed sections remained even after the reforms. The crumbling industries have given rise to extreme unemployment, in addition to the rapidly growing population. These people mostly belong to the SC/ST or the OBC. In most cases, they join the extremist organisations, mentioned earlier, as an alternative to earning their livelihoods.
As of 2011[update] India census, Sherghati had a population of 60,000. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Sherghati has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 66%. In Sherghati, 19% of the population is under 6 years of age.
The health care facilities in Sherghati is maintained nicely and have almost medical amenities. Government hospitals as well as private nursing home are well facilitated in the city with 24/7 medical and Ambulance facility. These places are also facilitated with modern facilities such as Sonography, Autoanalyser as well as Operation Room and Labour Room. The hospitals are well facilitated by Physician, Surgeon, Dental and other branch specialist. It cannot deny the fact that the hospitals became overcrowded at a certain time, but if there is well management, it also gets handled.
There are many renowned Doctors like P.K. Kundu, Dr. Samdarshi, and so on. A nursing home is run by senior physician of Subdivisional Hospital Dr. Shahabuddin at Gola Bazar Road. Another well equipped medical facility center run by the name of Mishra Nursing Home in the area of Nayee bazar by Dr. Suman Kumar Mishra and Dr. Pratibha Mishra. EYE CARE PROFESSIONAL : Formally practiced by A.A.IMAM as a primary eye care physician in the year of 2006.
The main city of Gaya and Bodhgaya are connected with national and state highways which can be covered in less than 40 mins. There is also Air Ambulance facility from Bodhgaya Airport.
The condition of education in Sherghati has become slightly better (at least at the school level). On 29 Dec 2014, Ranglal High School celebrated Shatabdi Samaroh. A memoir has also been published on the occasion of the function. Since then, the DAV Public School opened its branch in the town (around 1992) Holy Family Public School in 1997 and Gurukul Residential in 2002. In spite of the education system in Sherghati, there have been people who went elsewhere in search of higher studies. Aditya Prasad (of the Sherghati Darbar House) was among the first in the town to get a degree in engineering, in London in 1924. Subodh Kumar Gupta I.A.S. Jharkhand Cadre and noted storyteller Prabhat Manjudarshi also hails from the Darbar House family. Nawak Hamzapuri of the nearby village, Hamzapur, has established himself as a stalwart in Urdu World, He has written at least 115 books.He has recently been awarded by the CM of the state. Nawak Hamzapuri has written books on the history of Sherghati . He is among the greatest and renowned poets of the present era and the Urdu literature. He is also called as the ustaad of the poets of jharkhand and bihar .
- Ranglal High School
- Little Flower School, Ramna, Sherghati
- Gurukul Residential School, Sherghati
- Holy Family Public School, Sherghati
- Holy Vision Public School',Hamzapur,Sherghati
- DAV Public School, Sherghati
- Auxilium Educational Academy, Lodi Shaheed, Sherghati (Co-Education)
- Magadh Central School (Residential)
- Shastri High School (Previously Shastri Shikcha Nikketan)
- ABTECH Computers (Apna Bazar Sherghati)
- Baba Computer (Gola bazar Sherghati)
- A.N. Computer (Nima Road Hamzapur, Sherghati)
- Bal Vikash Niketan (Satsang Nagar)
- Royal Public School
- DAV Public School (co-education)
- Rajkiya Abhyaas Buniyadi Vidyalay (Basic School)
- Gyan Bharti Residential Public School, Run by a well known academician Satish Kumar Sharma
- Tiny Flower Academy(Play School)
- Heaven Flower Academy, Hamzapur, Sherghati
- Anugrah Narayan Shahdev High School (Gamharia)
- Adarsh Academy (Manjhauli,Dumaria)
- Zenith Public School (Gamharia)
- Urdu Public School (Gamharia)
- Ramlal & Syam Lal Sanskrit Vidyalaya (Mahmadpur)
- Gyan Deep Public School
- Gyan sarovar resedential school,satsang nagar
- Heaven flower academy, jail road, hamzapur, sherghati
- Sir Syed Memorial School, Karma, bhadeya
- Gautam Buddha Public school
- Tiny Flower Academy, PIPARPATI Road
- Educare Public School at satsang nagar
- GIRL'S SCHOOL
- Manorama Kanya Middle school
- Middle School Manjhar Kala
- Girls High School
- TRAINING SCHOOLS
- District Training School (for teachers)
- Mahant Shatanand Giri college, Hamzapur, Sherghati
- Dr. Zakir Hussain, Evening College, Hamzapur, Sherghati.
- Colour craft- A School of Designing & Printing
- "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Sherghati
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.