Sheridan County, Montana

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Sheridan County, Montana
Sheridan county courthouse.jpg
The Sheridan County Courthouse in Plentywood
Map of Montana highlighting Sheridan County
Location in the U.S. state of Montana
Map of the United States highlighting Montana
Montana's location in the U.S.
Founded March 11, 1913
Named for Philip Sheridan
Seat Plentywood
Largest city Plentywood
Area
 • Total 1,706 sq mi (4,419 km2)
 • Land 1,677 sq mi (4,343 km2)
 • Water 29 sq mi (75 km2), 1.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 3,687
 • Density 2.0/sq mi (0.8/km2)
Congressional district At-large
Time zone Mountain: UTC−7/−6
Website www.co.sheridan.mt.us

Sheridan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,384.[1] Its county seat is Plentywood.[2] Its northern boundary is the Canada–United States border south of Saskatchewan.

History[edit]

Sheridan County was established in 1913 when the Montana Legislature split Dawson and Valley Counties. It was named after American Civil War General Philip Sheridan.[3] In the 1920s and 1930s the county was a hotbed of communist organizing. The CPUSA managed to elect several town and county officials. At the 1932 presidential election the communist candidate William Z. Foster got 576 votes (22%).[4] International changes in communist organizing strategies, especially the move towards the popular front, effectively ended communist presence in the area.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,706 square miles (4,420 km2), of which 1,677 square miles (4,340 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (1.7%) is water.[6]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties and rural municipalities[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
192013,847
19309,869−28.7%
19407,814−20.8%
19506,674−14.6%
19606,458−3.2%
19705,779−10.5%
19805,414−6.3%
19904,732−12.6%
20004,105−13.3%
20103,384−17.6%
Est. 20163,648[7]7.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2015[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 4,105 people, 1,741 households, and 1,140 families residing in the county. The population density was 2.4 people per square mile (0.9/km²). There were 2,167 housing units at an average density of 1.3 per square mile (0.5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.00% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 1.22% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 1.17% from two or more races. 1.07% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 35.5% were of Norwegian, 19.0% German and 8.9% Danish ancestry.

There were 1,741 households out of which 27.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 4.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.50% were non-families. 32.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the county, the population was spread out with 22.90% under the age of 18, 4.80% from 18 to 24, 22.20% from 25 to 44, 26.50% from 45 to 64, and 23.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,518, and the median income for a family was $35,345. Males had a median income of $23,053 versus $20,112 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,038. About 10.60% of families and 14.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.40% of those under age 18 and 15.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 3,384 people, 1,587 households, and 944 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 2.0 inhabitants per square mile (0.77/km2). There were 2,089 housing units at an average density of 1.2 per square mile (0.46/km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 95.4% white, 1.7% American Indian, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.5% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 33.8% were Norwegian, 26.0% were German, 12.0% were Danish, 11.6% were Irish, 5.5% were Swedish, 5.3% were English, and 5.0% were American.[15]

Of the 1,587 households, 21.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 40.5% were non-families, and 37.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.08 and the average family size was 2.70. The median age was 50.3 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $39,578 and the median income for a family was $55,313. Males had a median income of $46,932 versus $22,107 for females. The per capita income for the county was $26,537. About 6.4% of families and 14.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.8% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[17]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 67.6% 1,241 26.0% 477 6.4% 117
2012 62.6% 1,207 34.5% 665 2.9% 56
2008 49.2% 987 47.5% 953 3.3% 66
2004 56.9% 1,159 41.5% 846 1.6% 33
2000 59.9% 1,176 35.7% 702 4.4% 87
1996 34.2% 832 48.8% 1,187 17.1% 416
1992 29.9% 795 40.4% 1,077 29.7% 791
1988 50.0% 1,381 49.0% 1,354 1.0% 28
1984 61.6% 1,774 37.8% 1,087 0.6% 18
1980 56.9% 1,658 32.8% 955 10.3% 299
1976 41.1% 1,114 57.5% 1,560 1.5% 40
1972 54.0% 1,500 43.1% 1,197 3.0% 83
1968 45.8% 1,180 49.5% 1,275 4.7% 121
1964 30.4% 837 69.2% 1,905 0.4% 12
1960 43.4% 1,196 56.3% 1,549 0.3% 9
1956 38.3% 1,153 61.7% 1,857 0.0% 0
1952 49.4% 1,339 49.7% 1,347 0.9% 25
1948 28.5% 699 61.8% 1,515 9.7% 239
1944 31.0% 791 67.2% 1,713 1.7% 44
1940 29.2% 892 69.1% 2,108 1.7% 52
1936 16.2% 513 79.0% 2,503 4.8% 152
1932 22.8% 739 44.7% 1,450 32.6% 1,057
1928 54.7% 1,624 40.1% 1,190 5.3% 157
1924 35.3% 905 6.9% 176 57.8% 1,481
1920 53.5% 1,335 24.4% 610 22.1% 552
1916 32.2% 1,724 60.9% 3,264 7.0% 375

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Ghost towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Montana Place Names Companion". Montana Place Names From Alzada to Zortman. Montana Historical Society Research Center. Retrieved 9 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Communist Party votes by county". depts.washington.edu. Retrieved 2017-07-05. 
  5. ^ Stoner McDonald, Verlaine (2010). The Red Corner: The Rise and Fall of Communism in Northeastern Montana. Montana Historical Society Press. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on December 5, 2014. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 30, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-10. 
  17. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-03. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°44′N 104°30′W / 48.73°N 104.50°W / 48.73; -104.50