Interstate 895 (New York)

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Interstate 895 marker

Interstate 895
Arthur V. Sheridan Expressway
Map of Interstate 895 (New York)
Map of the Bronx in New York City with I-895 highlighted in red
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT
Length: 1.29 mi[3] (2.08 km)
History: Completed in 1963 as I-278;[1] renumbered to I-895 on January 1, 1970[2]
Major junctions
South end: I-278 in Hunts Point
North end: I-95 in West Farms
Highway system
NY 890 NY 961F

Interstate 895 (I-895), named the Arthur V. Sheridan Expressway (and locally known as the Sheridan Expressway or just The Sheridan), is a short freeway in the New York City borough of the Bronx, forming a short connecting link in the Interstate Highway System. Its south end is at a merging with the Bruckner Expressway (I-278) in the Hunts Point neighborhood, and its north end is at the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95), with a short continuation connecting with local West Farms streets. The highway opened to traffic in 1963[1][4] It received its current Interstate route designation in 1970. It was named for the Bronx Borough Commissioner of Public Works Arthur V. Sheridan, who died in a motor car crash in 1952.[5][6]

Route description[edit]

Overhead guide signs for the Sheridan on the Bruckner Expressway

I-895 begins at exit 49 on I-278, also known as the Bruckner Expressway, in the Hunts Point neighborhood of the Bronx. The 6-lane highway heads northward, paralleling the Bronx River and the Amtrak-owned Northeast Corridor railroad tracks. There is a lone interchange, which is for Westchester Avenue, at 0.6 miles (1.0 km) in. A frontage road begins to parallel the roadway until it terminates at a cul-de-sac in East Tremont. The Sheridan crosses over East 174th Street and officially ends at an interchange with the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95) in East Tremont. The roadway continues beyond the Cross Bronx as a short connector to local West Farms streets.[7]

History[edit]

A 1964 highway map showing the completed portion of the expressway (green), and the unbuilt extension (red).

In 1941, the New York City Planning Department and city planner Robert Moses proposed a short expressway route to connect the Bronx Crosstown Highway (now the Cross Bronx Expressway) and the Southern Boulevard Express Highway (now the Bruckner Expressway).[6][8] The purpose was to have a commercial-vehicle friendly alternate to the Bronx River Parkway. The route was originally named the Bronx River Expressway.[9][10] Following the death of Arthur V. Sheridan, in August 1952 Bronx borough president James J. Lyons proposed renaming the planned highway after Sheridan.[9] The law enacting the name change was signed by mayor Vincent R. Impellitteri on February 18, 1953.[11] Construction began in 1958.[8] The highway was built parallel to the Bronx River on the former site of the Starlight Park amusement park, which was condemned to provide the right-of-way for both the Sheridan and Cross Bronx Expressways. As part of the project, a city park also called Starlight Park was created in its place.[12][13] An additional park, Daniel Boone Playground, was also created on land condemned for the expressway.[14] The $9.5 million expressway was opened to traffic on February 6, 1963.[1][15]

Over the years, the expressway has received a number of Interstate designations. It was originally designated as I-695 in late 1958. In early 1959, the highway designation was changed to I-895. Later that year, however, I-278 was rerouted to use the Sheridan Expressway. This was the designation of the highway when it opened in 1963. On January 1, 1970, I-278 was realigned to follow the Bruckner Expressway east to the Bruckner Interchange while the Sheridan Expressway was redesignated as I-895.[2]

The Sheridan Expressway was originally planned to extend northeast to the New England Thruway (I-95) in Eastchester just north of Co-op City, creating a shortcut toward New England and a direct route to New England from the Triborough Bridge.[4][8] The extension would have been built along Boston Road (U.S. Route 1) through Bronx Park and Northeast Bronx.[8][16] The project, like other Robert Moses highways, faced increasing community opposition[4][8] and was cancelled by Governor Nelson Rockefeller in 1971, one year before its projected completion.[6] Because of the cancellation of the extension, the Sheridan is locally seen as a useless stub, serving the same movements as the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87) and Bronx River Parkway.[17][18]

Future[edit]

Bicycling on the Sheridan during Transportation Alternatives' 2007 "Tour de Bronx"

The 2017 New York State budget includes $97 million for decommissioning the Sheridan Expressway as recommended by the New York City Council and New York City Department of Transportation.[19]

The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) proposed expanding the highway in 1997.[20] The plan faced opposition rooted in claims of environmental justice from community groups, which proposed an alternative calling for the river-front expressway to be replaced with affordable housing, schools and green space.[21]

In August 2008 the alternative community plan was under consideration by NYSDOT.[22] The plan gained momentum in July 2010;[18] however, the state opposed the plan to demolish the highway, citing a study showing that local traffic would be worsened.[23] On June 11, 2012, the Daily News reported that the administration of New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg was also opposed to the removal.[24] The dispute between the local community and the city and state governments has led to a stalemate, what the Daily News called a "crossroads" and "a road to nowhere".[25]

Exit list[edit]

The entire route is in the New York City borough of The Bronx. All exits are unnumbered.

Location mi[3][26] km Destinations Notes
Hunts Point 0.00 0.00 I-278 west – Robert F. Kennedy Bridge Exit 49 on I-278
0.20 0.32 Bruckner Boulevard Northbound entrance only
0.61 0.98 Westchester Avenue – Hunts Point Market No southbound entrance
West Farms 1.29 2.08 I-95 south – George Washington Bridge, Trenton, NJ No northbound entrance; exit 4A on I-95
1.40 2.25 West Farms Road Southbound exit ramp in planning stages
1.50 2.41 I-95.svgBronx River Pkwy Shield.svg East 177th Street / East Tremont Avenue to I-95 north / Bronx River Parkway At-grade intersection
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Expressway Link To Open Feb. 6" (PDF). Times Union (Albany). Fultonhistory.com. January 6, 1963. p. A3. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  2. ^ a b State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  3. ^ a b "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 247. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Anderson, Steve. "Sheridan Expressway.". NYCRoads. Retrieved March 18, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Sheridan Expressway – Historical Sign". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved April 4, 2010. 
  6. ^ a b c "Starlight Park: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  7. ^ Microsoft; Nokia (August 14, 2015). "overview map of I-895/Sheridan Expressway" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d e "The Sheridan Expressway Study: Reconnecting the Neighborhoods Around the Sheridan Expressway and Improving Access to Hunts Point" (PDF). City of New York. December 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Lyons for Expressway Change". The New York Times. August 21, 1952. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  10. ^ Moses, Robert (November 11, 1945). "New Highways for a Better New York; We have started a program, says Mr. Moses, which will give us a less congested and more comfortable and accessible city.". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  11. ^ "Call It Sheridan Expressway" (PDF). New York Post. Fultonhistory.com. February 18, 1953. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  12. ^ "Bronx River Greenway Strategic Plan; CHAPTER 2: GREENWAY ROUTE FROM SOUTH TO NORTH" (PDF). Bronx River Alliance. Retrieved 19 February 2017. 
  13. ^ "Photo Report on Progress of Cross Bronx Expressway" (PDF). New York Post. Fultonhistory.com. April 30, 1950. Retrieved 27 February 2017. 
  14. ^ "Daniel Boone Playground: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  15. ^ "Expressway to Open" (PDF). Yonkers Herald Statesman. New York. Fultonhistory.com. February 4, 1963. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  16. ^ "Moses' Postwar Highway Plan To Affect North Bronx Sector" (PDF). The Daily Argus. North Bronx. Fultonhistory.com. April 5, 1945. Retrieved 20 February 2017. 
  17. ^ "Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance Stand On Sheridan During Rush Hour" (PDF) (Press release). Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance. July 21, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-07. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  18. ^ a b Dolnick, Sam (July 12, 2010). "Plan to Remove Bronx Expressway Gains Traction". The New York Times. Retrieved July 13, 2010. 
  19. ^ "Sheridan Expressway Removal Gets $97 Million Boost in State Budget". Retrieved August 14, 2016. .
  20. ^ "The Bruckner–Sheridan Environmental Impact Statement". Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Sheridan Lands/Community Visions". Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  22. ^ Wiswall, Kyle (August 13, 2008). "One Less Reason to Keep the Sheridan Expressway". Mobilizing the Region. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  23. ^ Dolnick, Sam (July 13, 2010). "Local Traffic Would Worsen Without Sheridan, Study Shows". The New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2010. 
  24. ^ Deekman, Daniel (June 11, 2012). "Transportation officials nix Sheridan Expressway removal". Daily News. New York City. Retrieved June 20, 2012. 
  25. ^ Beekman, Daniel (July 20, 2010). "Sheridan at crossroads: Local advocates want expressway closed, but DOT warns of traffic snafus". Daily News. New York City. Retrieved August 9, 2010. 
  26. ^ Google (January 9, 2016). "Sheridan Expressway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing / Google

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