Interstate 895 (New York)
|Arthur V. Sheridan Expressway|
Map of the Bronx in New York City with I-895 highlighted in red
|Maintained by NYSDOT|
|Length:||1.29 mi (2.08 km)|
|History:||Completed in 1963 as I-278; renumbered to I-895 on January 1, 1970|
|South end:||I-278 in Hunts Point|
|North end:||I-95 in West Farms|
Interstate 895 (I-895), named the Arthur V. Sheridan Expressway (and locally known as the Sheridan Expressway or just The Sheridan), is a short freeway in the New York City borough of the Bronx, forming a short connecting link in the Interstate Highway System. Its south end is at a merging with the Bruckner Expressway (I-278) in the Hunts Point neighborhood, and its north end is at the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95), with a short continuation connecting with local West Farms streets. The highway opened to traffic in 1963 It received its current Interstate route designation in 1970. It was named for the Bronx Borough Commissioner of Public Works Arthur V. Sheridan, who died in a motor car crash in 1952.
I-895 begins at exit 49 on I-278, also known as the Bruckner Expressway, in the Hunts Point neighborhood of the Bronx. The 6-lane highway heads northward, paralleling the Bronx River and the Amtrak-owned Northeast Corridor railroad tracks. There is a lone interchange, which is for Westchester Avenue, at 0.6 miles (1.0 km) in. A frontage road begins to parallel the roadway until it terminates at a cul-de-sac in East Tremont. The Sheridan crosses over East 174th Street and officially ends at an interchange with the Cross Bronx Expressway (I-95) in East Tremont. The roadway continues beyond the Cross Bronx as a short connector to local West Farms streets.
In 1941, the New York City Planning Department and city planner Robert Moses proposed a short expressway route to connect the Bronx Crosstown Highway (now the Cross Bronx Expressway) and the Southern Boulevard Express Highway (now the Bruckner Expressway). The purpose was to have a commercial-vehicle friendly alternate to the Bronx River Parkway. The route was originally named the Bronx River Expressway. Following the death of Arthur V. Sheridan, in August 1952 Bronx borough president James J. Lyons proposed renaming the planned highway after Sheridan. The law enacting the name change was signed by mayor Vincent R. Impellitteri on February 18, 1953. Construction began in 1958. The highway was built parallel to the Bronx River on the former site of the Starlight Park amusement park, which was condemned to provide the right-of-way for both the Sheridan and Cross Bronx Expressways. As part of the project, a city park also called Starlight Park was created in its place. An additional park, Daniel Boone Playground, was also created on land condemned for the expressway. The $9.5 million expressway was opened to traffic on February 6, 1963.
Over the years, the expressway has received a number of Interstate designations. It was originally designated as I-695 in late 1958. In early 1959, the highway designation was changed to I-895. Later that year, however, I-278 was rerouted to use the Sheridan Expressway. This was the designation of the highway when it opened in 1963. On January 1, 1970, I-278 was realigned to follow the Bruckner Expressway east to the Bruckner Interchange while the Sheridan Expressway was redesignated as I-895.
The Sheridan Expressway was originally planned to extend northeast to the New England Thruway (I-95) in Eastchester just north of Co-op City, creating a shortcut toward New England and a direct route to New England from the Triborough Bridge. The extension would have been built along Boston Road (U.S. Route 1) through Bronx Park and Northeast Bronx. The project, like other Robert Moses highways, faced increasing community opposition and was cancelled by Governor Nelson Rockefeller in 1971, one year before its projected completion. Because of the cancellation of the extension, the Sheridan is locally seen as a useless stub, serving the same movements as the Major Deegan Expressway (I-87) and Bronx River Parkway.
The New York State Department of Transportation (NYSDOT) proposed expanding the highway in 1997. The plan faced opposition rooted in claims of environmental justice from community groups, which proposed an alternative calling for the river-front expressway to be replaced with affordable housing, schools and green space.
In August 2008 the alternative community plan was under consideration by NYSDOT. The plan gained momentum in July 2010; however, the state opposed the plan to demolish the highway, citing a study showing that local traffic would be worsened. On June 11, 2012, the Daily News reported that the administration of New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg was also opposed to the removal. The dispute between the local community and the city and state governments has led to a stalemate, what the Daily News called a "crossroads" and "a road to nowhere".
|Hunts Point||0.00||0.00||I-278 west – Robert F. Kennedy Bridge||Exit 49 on I-278|
|0.20||0.32||Bruckner Boulevard||Northbound entrance only|
|0.61||0.98||Westchester Avenue – Hunts Point Market||No southbound entrance|
|West Farms||1.29||2.08||I-95 south – George Washington Bridge, Trenton, NJ||No northbound entrance; exit 4A on I-95|
|1.40||2.25||West Farms Road||Southbound exit ramp in planning stages|
|1.50||2.41||East 177th Street / East Tremont Avenue to I-95 north / Bronx River Parkway||At-grade intersection|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- "Expressway Link To Open Feb. 6" (PDF). Times Union (Albany). Fultonhistory.com. January 6, 1963. p. A3. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- State of New York Department of Transportation (January 1, 1970). Official Description of Touring Routes in New York State (PDF). Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 247. Retrieved February 1, 2010.
- Anderson, Steve. "Sheridan Expressway.". NYCRoads. Retrieved March 18, 2010.
- "Sheridan Expressway – Historical Sign". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
- "Starlight Park: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- Microsoft; Nokia (August 14, 2015). "overview map of I-895/Sheridan Expressway" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 14, 2015.
- "The Sheridan Expressway Study: Reconnecting the Neighborhoods Around the Sheridan Expressway and Improving Access to Hunts Point" (PDF). City of New York. December 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Lyons for Expressway Change". The New York Times. August 21, 1952. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- Moses, Robert (November 11, 1945). "New Highways for a Better New York; We have started a program, says Mr. Moses, which will give us a less congested and more comfortable and accessible city.". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Call It Sheridan Expressway" (PDF). New York Post. Fultonhistory.com. February 18, 1953. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "Bronx River Greenway Strategic Plan; CHAPTER 2: GREENWAY ROUTE FROM SOUTH TO NORTH" (PDF). Bronx River Alliance. Retrieved 19 February 2017.
- "Photo Report on Progress of Cross Bronx Expressway" (PDF). New York Post. Fultonhistory.com. April 30, 1950. Retrieved 27 February 2017.
- "Daniel Boone Playground: History". New York City Department of Parks and Recreation. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "Expressway to Open" (PDF). Yonkers Herald Statesman. New York. Fultonhistory.com. February 4, 1963. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "Moses' Postwar Highway Plan To Affect North Bronx Sector" (PDF). The Daily Argus. North Bronx. Fultonhistory.com. April 5, 1945. Retrieved 20 February 2017.
- "Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance Stand On Sheridan During Rush Hour" (PDF) (Press release). Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance. July 21, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-12-07. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- Dolnick, Sam (July 12, 2010). "Plan to Remove Bronx Expressway Gains Traction". The New York Times. Retrieved July 13, 2010.
- "Sheridan Expressway Removal Gets $97 Million Boost in State Budget". Retrieved August 14, 2016..
- "The Bruckner–Sheridan Environmental Impact Statement". Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
- "Sheridan Lands/Community Visions". Southern Bronx River Watershed Alliance. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
- Wiswall, Kyle (August 13, 2008). "One Less Reason to Keep the Sheridan Expressway". Mobilizing the Region. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
- Dolnick, Sam (July 13, 2010). "Local Traffic Would Worsen Without Sheridan, Study Shows". The New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- Deekman, Daniel (June 11, 2012). "Transportation officials nix Sheridan Expressway removal". Daily News. New York City. Retrieved June 20, 2012.
- Beekman, Daniel (July 20, 2010). "Sheridan at crossroads: Local advocates want expressway closed, but DOT warns of traffic snafus". Daily News. New York City. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- Google (January 9, 2016). "Sheridan Expressway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
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