Sheriff (video game)

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Sheriff
Arcade flyer of Sheriff.
Arcade flyer
Developer(s)
Publisher(s)
Designer(s)Genyo Takeda[7]
Artist(s)Shigeru Miyamoto
Platform(s)Arcade
Release
Genre(s)Multi-directional shooter
Mode(s)Single-player, two-player[8]
Arcade systemNintendo 8080[9]

Sheriff,[a] also known as Bandido, is a 1979 multi-directional shooter arcade game by Nintendo. It is one of several Western-themed video games from the 1970s, along with Western Gun, Outlaw, and Boot Hill. The player controls a county sheriff tasked with defense of a town against bandits, to rescue the captured woman. It was a commercial success in Japan, where it was among the top ten highest-grossing arcade games of 1979.

Gameplay[edit]

Screenshot

The game's concept is Nintendo's first damsel in distress theme, predating Donkey Kong (1981). The player controls Mr. Jack,[10] a sheriff, against a gang of attacking bandits, to defend the town and rescue Betty,[10] the captured woman.[11][12]

Sheriff distinctly features two separate controls: a joystick for movement, and a dial control for aiming and firing, a configuration unusual for arcade games and nonexistent in consoles at the time. The joystick moves the character and the dial aims and fires, each in eight separate directions, allowing Mr. Jack to walk in one direction while shooting in another.[12] The movement joystick is set with a considerable time delay before moving.

16 bandits (also referred to as 'gangs')[10] surround the outer rim, marked by a dotted "fence". Bullets from either Mr. Jack or the bandits can destroy the fenceposts, and they can function as defensive walls or aiming obstacles for the player. Larger barriers also exist on the midpoint of each side of the screen, and bullets from either Mr. Jack or the bandits will slowly erode these. The top and bottom barriers display the current level number.

The basic action taken by the enemy bandits is to walk around the outer rim while firing bullets at Mr. Jack, but they will sometimes enter into the central area, along with a change in game music. Mr. Jack must avoid touching the bandits, dodge bullets, and shoot all 16 bandits to complete each level.

Occasionally, a condor flies along the top of the screen in much the same way as the UFO in Taito's Space Invaders. Shooting the condor awards the player a random amount of bonus points.

At the end of every second round, a brief cutscene is shown. Depending on many rounds the player has completed, this cutscene either shows Betty being chased by the bandits[13] or reuniting with Mr. Jack.[14]

Development[edit]

The game was developed by Nintendo R&D1 in 1979, designed by Genyo Takeda with art by Shigeru Miyamoto.[7] Some sources[15][16][17] assert that Ikegami Tsushinki also did design work on Sheriff.

Release[edit]

The game was originally released in two formats: an upright cabinet and a cocktail (tabletop) version. These versions were imported to Europe, Asia, and America. In America, the game was distributed by Far East Video.[18] In the UK, Sheriff was licensed for production and distribution by Bell-Fruit Manufacturing in an upright cabinet. Bell-Fruit's core product range at the time was fruit/slot machines. Sheriff (and later Puckman) marked the company's first, and short lived, diversification into the market of video games as licensee, so the cabinet design for this territory differs considerably from that of the Japanese version. Although it features the same marquee and bezel design, it shares many properties more commonly associated with slot machines, such as a lack of side art or cabinet decals. However, the game's title in this region remains unchanged as Sheriff.

In North America, the game was distributed by Exidy as Bandido. As was common practice for arcade games at the time, the game was sold as if it were Exidy's own creation, with all mentions of Nintendo being edited or removed. This version of the game renames Mr. Jack and Betty as "Our Hero" and "Pretty Priscilla" respectively.

A modified version of the game was released exclusively in Japan by Taito as Western Gun Part II. This version features edited graphics and replaces most of the game's music with portions of songs such as the theme to The Magnificent Seven and Oh My Darling, Clementine. It's unknown if this version of Sheriff was authorised by Nintendo. [19] [20]

Reception[edit]

The game was a commercial success in Japan, where Sheriff was among the top ten highest-grossing arcade games of 1979.[21]

In 2012, 1up wrote, "Sheriff put Nintendo on the right track as a game developer."[12]

Legacy[edit]

More than two decades after the two arcade releases, it was re-released as part of WarioWare, Inc.: Mega Microgame$!, released for the Game Boy Advance in 2003.[12] In WarioWare, Sheriff was included as both a microgame and as a minigame ("Wario's Sheriff") in which Wario takes the role of the sheriff. Standard controls apply to the microgame version, but in the minigame version, the L/R buttons can make the sheriff face in the opposite direction without moving. The time delay for moving the sheriff was removed, and the sheriff's walking speed is greatly increased from the original. When the player's points double after completing a certain number of levels, the sheriff also gains extra lives, reducing the game's difficulty considerably.

The Sheriff character has appeared in the Super Smash Bros. series starting with Super Smash Bros. Melee, in which he appears as one of the many collectible Trophies in the game. Sheriff later returned in Super Smash Bros. for Nintendo 3DS and Wii U as an assist trophy where he fires a succession of eight bullets in a random order on the battlefield when summoned. He appears again as an Assist Trophy and Spirit in Super Smash Bros. Ultimate.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Japanese: シェリフ, Hepburn: Sherifu

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sheriff arcade video game pcb by Nintendo Co., Ltd. (1979)". www.arcade-history.com.
  2. ^ www.arcadeflyers.com, Daniel Hower, Eric Jacobson. "The Arcade Flyer Archive - Video Game Flyers: Sheriff, Nintendo". flyers.arcade-museum.com.
  3. ^ Akagi, Masumi (13 October 2006). アーケードTVゲームリスト国内•海外編(1971-2005) [Arcade TV Game List: Domestic • Overseas Edition (1971-2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: Amusement News Agency. p. 57. ISBN 978-4990251215.
  4. ^ Akagi, Masumi (13 October 2006). アーケードTVゲームリスト国内•海外編(1971-2005) [Arcade TV Game List: Domestic • Overseas Edition (1971-2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: Amusement News Agency. p. 128. ISBN 978-4990251215.
  5. ^ McFerran, Damien (2018-02-26). "Feature: Shining A Light On Ikegami Tsushinki, The Company That Developed Donkey Kong". Nintendo Life. Retrieved 2020-06-09.
  6. ^ Calvert, Darren (24 March 2015). "Feature: Before They Were Enemies, Sega And Nintendo Worked On One Of The Rarest Arcade Games Ever Made". Nintendo Life. Retrieved 16 April 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Iwata Asks: Punch-Out!! - Investigating a Glove Interface". Nintendo. August 7, 2009. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
  8. ^ Sheriff at the Killer List of Videogames
  9. ^ "Nintendo 8080 hardware". GitHub. MAME. Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  10. ^ a b c "Nintendo Sheriff Arcade Machine". Nintendo Arcade. April 20, 2015. Event occurs at 18:53.
  11. ^ "Interview: Nintendo Arcade Collector Shoots From the Hip With Rare Sheriff Cabinet". Nintendo Life. December 29, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d "Where Were They Then: The First Games of Nintendo, Konami, and More". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on October 17, 2012. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  13. ^ "First cutscene". YouTube. Event occurs at 2:45.
  14. ^ "Second cutscene". YouTube. Event occurs at 5:19.
  15. ^ "Company:Ikegami Tsushinki - GDRI :: Game Developer Research Institute". gdri.smspower.org.
  16. ^ ドンキーコング裁判についてちょこっと考えてみる Archived 2010-03-12 at the Wayback Machine Thinking a bit about Donkey Kong, accessed February 1, 2009
  17. ^ It started from Pong (それは『ポン』から始まった : アーケードTVゲームの成り立ち, sore wa pon kara hajimatta: ākēdo terebi gēmu no naritachi), Masumi Akagi (赤木真澄, Akagi Masumi), Amusement Tsūshinsha (アミューズメント通信社, Amyūzumento Tsūshinsha), 2005, ISBN 4-9902512-0-2.
  18. ^ "Sheriff arcade flyer". Retrieved 2021-08-19.
  19. ^ "Western Gun Part II Longplay".
  20. ^ "Western Gun Part II Flyer".
  21. ^ "ベストスリー 本紙調査" [Best 3 Paper Survey] (PDF). Game Machine (in Japanese). No. 136. Amusement Press, Inc. February 1980. p. 2.

External links[edit]