Sheriff of Argyll
The Sheriff of Argyll was historically a royal officer charged with enforcing the king's rights in Argyll; in Scotland, the concept of sheriff gradually evolved into a judicial position.
Originally, the region of Argyll was served by the sheriff of Perth, however in 1326, king Robert I appointed his step-nephew-in-law, Dougal Campbell, to the newly created position of sheriff of Argyll; Dougall was the son of Neil Campbell, whose second wife was Robert's sister, Mary. The traditional stronghold of the Campbells was in the centre of the Argyll region, and Robert had wished to reward the Campbells for their service in his successful usurpation of king John Balliol.
Though named sheriff of Argyll the position was initially limited to Lorn, but expanded in later centuries. In 1633, the sheriff of Argyll newly acquired authority over Kintyre and Knapdale, which had previously been under the sheriff of Tarbert.
Prior to 1748 most sheriffdoms were held on a hereditary basis. From that date, following the Jacobite uprising of 1745, the hereditary sheriffs were replaced by salaried sheriff-deputes, qualified advocates who were members of the Scottish Bar. The post of sheriff of Argyll continued in existence until 1948, when it was amalgamated with the sheriffdom of Renfrew to form the position of Sheriff of Renfrew and Argyll.
Sheriffs of Argyll
- Dugal Campbell (12??– )
- Alasdair MacDubhgaill, Lord of Lorne, 1293–????
- Eóin MacDubhgaill (???)
- George Campbell 1636-1655 (or longer) based on specific references in the book Searching for Scotch-Irish Roots in Scottish Records, 1600-1750, by David Dobson
- James Stuart 1684–
- Colin Campbell, 1691-1710 (or longer) based on specific entries (which begin in 1691) as collected in the volume The Clan Campbell Abstracts: Entries relating to Campbells in the Sheriff Court Books of Argyll at Inveraray, from the Campbell Collections formed by Sir Duncan Campbell of Barcaldine and Glenure, Baronet, C.V.O., F.S.A. Scot., Secretary to the Order of the Thistle and Carrick Pursuivant of Arms.
- Archibald Campbell of Danna, 1714-1748 based on above referenced Clan Campbell entries.
- John Campbell of Danna, 1748-???? son of Archibald, as referenced in above Clan Campbell entries.
- Charles Stewart, 1746-1757? Bonnie Prince Charlie's purse bearer at Battle of Culloden.
- Archibald Campbell of Stonefield, –1776 
- Robert Campbell of Asknish, 1776– >1808
- Donald MacLachlan, –1817 
- Sir Humphrey Trafford Campbell, 1817–1818 
- Robert Bruce, 1818–>1843 
- George Campbell, Duke of Argyll, 1847–????
- Edward Francis Maitland, 1851–1855 
- Thomas Cleghorn, 1855–1874 
- Alexander Forbes Irvine, 1874–1891
- D. Mackechnie, 1892–1898
- James Ferguson, 1898–1905
- Alexander Logan M'Clure, 1905–1920 (Sheriff of Aberdeen, 1920–1932)
- Andrew Henderson Briggs Constable, KC, 1920–1920
- John Lean Wark, 1920–1933 
- John Robert Dickson, KC, 1933–1937 
- Charles Mackintosh, KC, 1937–1942   (Sheriff of Inverness, Elgin & Nairn, 1942)
- James Frederick Strachan, KC, 1942–1945 (Sheriff of Perth and Angus, 1945)
- Thomas Murray-Taylor, KC, 1945–1946   (Sheriff of Renfrew and Argyll, 1946–1948)
- For sheriffs after 1946 see Sheriff of Renfrew and Argyll
- "The Scots Magazine, Volume 38". p. 112. Missing or empty
- Parliamentary Papers, Volume 14. p. 296.
- The Edinburgh Magazine and Literary Miscellany, Volume 82. p. 286.
- "No. 21665". The London Gazette. 20 February 1855. p. 658.
- "No. 31770". The London Gazette. 4 February 1920. p. 1559.
- "No. 13605". The Edinburgh Gazette. 15 June 1920. p. 1453.
- "No. 14943". The Edinburgh Gazette. 28 February 1933. p. 167.
- "No. 15437". The Edinburgh Gazette. 5 November 1937. p. 883.
- "No. 15918". The London Gazette. 22 May 1942. p. 215.
- "No. 37379". The London Gazette. 7 December 1945. p. 5951.
- "No. 37663". The London Gazette. 23 July 1946. p. 3797.
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