Sherkin Island

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Sherkin Island
Native name: Inis Arcáin
From the highest point of Sherkin Island.JPG
View from the highest point of Sherkin Island
Sherkin Island is located in island of Ireland
Sherkin Island
Sherkin Island
Geography
Location Celtic Sea
Coordinates 51°28′N 9°25′W / 51.467°N 9.417°W / 51.467; -9.417Coordinates: 51°28′N 9°25′W / 51.467°N 9.417°W / 51.467; -9.417
Area 5 km2 (1.9 sq mi)approx
Highest elevation 189.3 m (621.1 ft)
Administration
Province Munster
County Cork
Demographics
Population 111 (2016)[1]
Sherkin Island, West Cork, Ireland
Sherkin Island Beach, the Cow Strand
Sherkin Friary
The old school house
An Cúinne Harbour, Sherkin Island
Silver Strand

Sherkin Island, historically called Inisherkin (Irish: Inis Arcáin),[2] lies southwest of County Cork in Ireland alongside other islands of Roaringwater Bay. It had a population of 111 people at the time of the 2016 Census,[1] and measures 3 miles (4.8 kilometres) long by 1.5 miles (2.4 kilometres) wide. The island has two pubs, a hotel, bed and breakfast, community centre, coffee shop and a Roman Catholic church.

Climate[edit]

Sherkin is one of the most southerly points of Ireland after Cape Clear and Brow Head. It is said that when the frost covers the lawns of Baltimore just across the bay, the grass remains unfrosted on the island.[citation needed]

Population[edit]

Sherkin once had a population of around 1,000, which started to decline during the Great Irish Famine in the mid-19th century. Now the population is reduced and varies between the summer and the winter months, with increases in summer as people return to holiday houses and tourists arrive.[3] The population of Sherkin include artists, writers, craft workers,[4] musicians, photographers,[5][6] beekeepers,[7] cattle farmers, mussel and oyster farmers, oceanologists,[8] fishermen, sailors, teachers and doctors.[citation needed]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18411,131—    
1851696−38.5%
1861571−18.0%
1871452−20.8%
1881449−0.7%
1891403−10.2%
1901350−13.2%
1911296−15.4%
1926248−16.2%
YearPop.±%
1936220−11.3%
1946176−20.0%
1951146−17.0%
1956114−21.9%
1961101−11.4%
196692−8.9%
197182−10.9%
197982+0.0%
198170−14.6%
YearPop.±%
198687+24.3%
199193+6.9%
199698+5.4%
2002129+31.6%
2006106−17.8%
2011114+7.5%
2016111−2.6%
Sources: 1841-2006 Central Statistics Office. "CNA17: Population by Off Shore Island, Sex and Year". CSO.ie. Retrieved 12 October 2016.  2011-2016 "Populated off-shore islands". chg.gov.ie. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 

Transport[edit]

Sherkin's ferry boat is named "Mystic Waters", and during the summer (roughly 1 June – 30 September) it makes approximately ten daily trips to the island.[9]

The roads on Sherkin are narrow and often in poor condition. Most of the cars on the island are old and unsuitable for use on the mainland.[10] Cycling and walking are common, with horse riding also an option.[citation needed]

History[edit]

There are a number of archaeological remains on Sherkin. A friary, the Mainster Inis Arcain, is uphill from the ferry pier. The seat of the O'Driscoll Clan was Dun-na-Long Castle.[11] These two buildings were heavily damaged in 1537 when citizens of Waterford invaded the island after a dispute over a seized and plundered ship.[citation needed] Sherkin has an automated lighthouse, maintained by locals. It is situated at Barrack Point and dates from 1835.[12] The lighthouse marks the southern entrance to Baltimore Harbour, along with the Baltimore Beacon. On the south-western side of the island there is a functioning Roman Catholic church. The main historic sites include:

  • Promontory fort – Celtic Iron Age – 600 B.C. – 400 A.D.
  • Franciscan friary – Medieval – post 1200 A.D.
  • O'Mahony Castle – Medieval – post 1200 A.D.

Tourism[edit]

The ferry to Sherkin sails from Baltimore on the mainland. The island is a tourist destination and it typically takes between 10 and 15 minutes to get to Sherkin from Baltimore.[citation needed] The journey to the neighbouring Gaeltacht island Cape Clear takes on average approximately 40 minutes. A number of Sherkin's residents are active in the fields of art, including crafts, painting and writing. The busiest season starts with school summer holidays when families visit the island.[citation needed]

Visitors can book a sea safari trip around the islands.[13] Once on Sherkin pier, people can visit the Franciscan friary, if it is open. Known locally as "the Abbey", it has a photo exhibition inside and some displays outside.[citation needed]

Sherkin also has camp facilities. Because the island has no local refuse disposal facilities, campers and picnickers are encouraged to bring minimum packaging and take any litter back to the mainland or recycle cans and bottles on Sherkin Pier. Silver Strand is popular for barbecues.[citation needed]

Festivals[edit]

The busiest day of the year coincides with the Sherkin Regatta festival,[14] a rowing regatta usually held in late July or early August. On this day the island is visited by sea rowers and their supporters, with children's activities, music and food stalls. Music festivals are also occasionally held.[15]

Development and infrastructure[edit]

The island has a local development officer, and a community-based organisation called "Sherkin Island Development Society" (SIDS).[citation needed] Sherkin Island is supplied with mains power from the mainland through a submarine power cable. Another submarine cable from Sherkin supplies power to Cape Clear island.[citation needed]

Research[edit]

Sherkin Island Marine Station is a privately run operation located on the north-west of the island.[16][17] Founded in 1975, it is mainly involved in gathering baseline marine data,[18][16] and also produces a number of reports, books and the quarterly 'Sherkin Comment' journal.[19][20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Populated off-shore islands". chg.gov.ie. Retrieved 20 May 2018. 
  2. ^ "Inis Arcáin - Sherkin Island". Irish Placenames Database (logainm.ie). Retrieved 20 February 2016. 
  3. ^ "Sherkin Island – West Cork – Ireland". Sherkinisland.eu. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  4. ^ "Islands Crafts". Islands Crafts. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  5. ^ "Terry Farnell Photography, Sherkin Island:". Sherkinphoto.com. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  6. ^ http://www.mahons.org
  7. ^ "Sherkin Island Beekeeper". Europe for Visitors. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "DSC01137.JPG". Sherkinisland.eu. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  9. ^ "Ferry | Sherkin Island – West Cork – Ireland". Sherkinisland.eu. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  10. ^ "Sherkin Island Cars". Europe for Visitors. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "BBC Radio 4 – Open Country". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  12. ^ Discoverireland.ie – Sherkin
  13. ^ "Baltimore Sea Safari". Baltimoreseasafari.ie. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  14. ^ "Sherkin Island Regatta – Sherkin Island Regatta". Baltimore.ie. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  15. ^ Fund it :: Sherkin festival with Kíla & Much More!
  16. ^ a b "Sherkin Island Marine Station - About". Sherkinmarine.ie. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  17. ^ "Marine research station founder wins top award". Irish Examiner. 17 June 2013. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  18. ^ "On Sherkin's rocky shore". Irish Times. Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  19. ^ "Sherkin Island Marine Station - Publications". Sherkinmarine.ie. Retrieved 2 June 2018. 
  20. ^ "Sherkin Island Marine Station - Sherkin Comment". Sherkinmarine.ie. Retrieved 2 June 2018.