Sherman's fox squirrel

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Sherman's fox squirrel
Fox Squirrel 2014 18.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae
Subfamily: Sciurinae
Genus: Sciurus
Species: S. niger
Subspecies: S. niger shermani
Trinomial name
Sciurus niger shermani

Sherman's fox squirrel, Sciurus niger shermani, is a subspecies of fox squirrel. It lives in Florida and Georgia in fire prone areas of longleaf pine and wiregrass, especially around sandhills.[1] A tree squirrel, the Sherman's fox species has lost much of its habitat to farming, tree farming and development.[1][2] [2] This type of squirrel nests in oak trees using leaves and Spanish moss.[1]

In comparison to other squirrels, this species is large (23 - 28 in. = 600 - 700 mm) with highly variable dorsal fur color ranging from nearly all black (uncommon) to silver, with variations of black over silver and silver over black. Underside is tan. Head is generally black; ears and muzzle are often white. Tail is long, nearly the length of the head and torso. Nests are usually in oak trees and are constructed of oak leaves and Spanish moss.[3] Due to habitat loss, Sherman's fox squirrel has been designated as a species of special concern and hunting or trapping of them is prohibited by state and federal law.

Other fox squirrels in Florida include the southern fox squirrel (S. n. niger), which lives in a wide area of the panhandle, and the mangrove fox squirrel (S. n. avicennia), which lives southwest of Lake Okeechobee.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sherman's fox squirrel Sciurus niger shermani Field Guide to the Rare Animals of Florida, Florida Natural Areas Inventory, 2001
  2. ^ a b Sherman's fox squirrel — a rare sight in Central Florida; A rare Sherman's fox squirrel nibbles on a goodie in a field… by Sherry Boas December 8, 2013 Sherry Boas Orlando Sentinel
  3. ^ http://www.fnai.org/FieldGuide/pdf/Sciurus_niger_shermani.PDF