Sherpur District

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Sherpur

শেরপুর
Location of Sherpur in Bangladesh
Location of Sherpur in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 25°00′N 90°00′E / 25.00°N 90.00°E / 25.00; 90.00Coordinates: 25°00′N 90°00′E / 25.00°N 90.00°E / 25.00; 90.00
Country Bangladesh
DivisionMymensingh Division
Area
 • Total1,363.76 km2 (526.55 sq mi)
Population
 (BBS census 2011)
 • Total1,542,610
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Sherpuri
Time zoneUTC+06:00 (BST)
Postal code
2100

Sherpur (Bengali: শেরপুর জেলা, Sherpur Jela also Sherpur Zila) is a district in central Bangladesh. It is a part of Mymensingh Division. Sherpur district was a sub-division of Jamalpur district. It was upgraded to a district on February 22, 1984. Sherpur city is located about 198 km (123.03 mi) north of Dhaka which is the capital of the country.[1][2][3]

Etymology[edit]

The name "Sherpur" can't be found in ancient history. During the rules of emperor Akbar, this area was called "Dash Kahonia Baju". The previous name of Brahmaputra river in this area was "Louhitto Sagar" which was situated in a vast area from the south border of Sherpur municipality to Jamallpur Ghat. The people of this area had to pay 10 kahon coins to the leaseholders as an annual tax for travelling in the river. "Dash" means ten and "Kahon" is a unit of measure for counting which means 128 pieces. From this event, this area was called as "Dash Kahonia".

During the Nawabi period in Bangla, the last landlord of Gazi clan, Sher Ali Gazi occupied and reigned this area independently. From then, the name of this area was changed from "Dash Kahonia" to Sherpur according to the name of the ruler, Sher Ali Gazi.[4]

History[edit]

Mysaheba Jame Masque, Sherpur

Sherpur region was a part of the kingdom of the Kamarupa in the ancient time. Fakir-Sannyasi Revolts were held against the East India Company and the local zamindars from the time of warren hastings to lord cornowalis; Tipu Shah, leader of the Fakir Movement, declared sovereignty in the area and established his capital at Gajripa. Peasant conferences were held in 1906, 1914 and 1917 at Kamarer Char of Sherpur under the leadership of Khos Muhammad Chowdhury. The communists revolted against the systems of Nankar, Tonk, Bhawali, Mahajani, Ijaradari during 1838-48 in Sherpur. In 1897 a devastating earth quack changed the course of the Brahmaputra towards the west and forced to merge it with the Jamuna; it also caused serious damages to many old buildings.

During the non-cooperation movement in 1970 declared by Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, a war committee was formed in this district. Sherpur played an important role by training the freedom fighters led by the war committee.[5]

Geography[edit]

Sherpur district is bounded on the north by India, on the east by Mymensingh district, on the south and west by Jamalpur district. The main rivers of Sherpur district are Bramhaputra, Kongsho and Vogai. Malijhi, Shomeshwari, Nitai, Maharoshi are some minor rivers of this district. Ceramic soil is the main natural resource of this district. The annual average temperature of this district varies from maximum 33.3 °C to minimum 12 °C.The annual rainfall is 2174 mm.

Administration[edit]

  • Administrator of Zila Porishod: Md. Humayun Kabir Ruman [6]
  • Deputy Commissioner (DC): Anar koli Mahbub [7]

The district consists of 5 upazilas(sub-district), 52 unions, 458 mauzas, 695 villages, 4 paurashavas, 36 wards and 99 mahallas.The upazilas are:[8]

Sub-district Number of union Area Population
Jhenaigati Upazila 7 231.00 155067
Nakla Upazila 9 174.80 179422
Nalitabari Upazila 12 327.61 252935
Sherpur Sadar Upazila 14 356.12 449798
Sreebardi Upazila 10 270.34 242320

Education[edit]

The literacy rate of this district is 48.04% The numbers of educational institutions of this district are Government college 3, non-government college 16, government high school 3, non-government high school 146, junior high school 27, government primary school 358, non-government primary school l46, madrasah 292, agricultural training institute 1, nursing training institute 1, vocational training institute 1.

Health[edit]

The numbers of health centers of this district are district sadar hospital 1, upazila health complex 5, health and family planning centre 52, diabetic centre 1, maternity and child welfare centre 1, tuberculosis satellite centre 1, leprosy satellite centre 1, mission hospital 1, Gana sastha centre 2, safe community programme 1, satellite clinic 17, TB clinic 1, non-government clinic 2.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Sherpur is mainly agro based, although non-farm economic activities performing a substantial share in the development oriented program of the district. Majority of the population are farmers. Out of total 335,460 holdings of the district, 60.12% holdings are farms that produce varieties of crops namely local and HYV rice, wheat, jute, mustard, potato, pulses, different kinds of vegetables, tobacco and others. Various fruits like banana, mango, black berry, coconut, betel nut, date, jackfruit, palm, jambura, bel, papaya, boroi, kamranga, ataphal etc. are grown. Fish of different varieties are abound in this district and as in other parts of the country. Varieties of fish are caught from rivers, tributary channels and creeks. The popular fresh water fishes comprise ruhi, catla, mrigel, kalbaus, chital, boal, airh, pangas, gazar, shoul, pabda, koi, shing, phali, bele, tengra etc. Besides, newly introduced exotic varieties of fishers are tilapia, nilotica, silver carp, grass carp etc. Besides crops, livestock and fishery are the main source of household income. Non-agricultural activities also play an important role in the economy of the district.

Media[edit]

Weekly Sherpur,Shamolbangla24.com, Sherpur News 24, Weekly Dashkahania, Weekly Chalti Khabar, Sahityaloka, Barshati, Ra, etc.; extinct: Biddaunnati Sadhini (1865), Weekly Biggapani (1865), Weekly Charybarta (1881), Bangasuridh (1881), Samskriti Sanjibini, fortnightly Kishore (1957–58), Monthly Daxina (1967), Probaha, Angan, Muktangan, Ganabarta, Aunnesa, Uccharan, Sancharan.

Cultural Organizations[edit]

The numbers of cultural organizations of this district are club 93, public library 4, drama stage 3, theatre group 15, literary society 5, women's organisation 30, cinema hall 13, shilpakala academy 1 and shishu academy 1.

Points of interest[edit]

Archaeological Heritage and Relics include: Madhutila Ecopark in Nalitabari,[8] Ghagra Laskar Bari Mosque (1808),[9] Baraduari Mosque at Garhjaripar, Garh Jaripar Fort (1486-91AD),[10] Tomb of Darvish Jarip Shah, Tomb of Shah Kamal (1644 AD), Tomb of Sher Ali Gazi, Mughal Mosque at Kasba, Maisaheba Mosque, and Residences of Nay Ani, Arai Ani and Pouney Tin Ani Zamindars.

Member of the 11th parliament[11][edit]

Name Seat Party
Md. Atiur Rahman Atik Sherpur-1 Bangladesh Awami League
Matia Chowdhury Sherpur-2 Bangladesh Awami League
A.K.M. Fazlul Haque Sherpur-3 Bangladesh Awami League

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sherpur District Statistics 2011
  2. ^ বাংলাদেশ জাতীয় তথ্য বাতায়ন
  3. ^ Bangladesher Lokojo Sonskriti Gronthamala : Sherpur, Bangla Academy
  4. ^ "Background of district". Bangladesh national portal.
  5. ^ "Background of district". Bangladesh national portal.
  6. ^ "বাংলাদেশ জাতীয় তথ্য বাতায়ন".
  7. ^ http://pmis.mopa.gov.bd/pmis/Forms/dclist.php
  8. ^ a b AKM Reazul Hasan (2012). "Sherpur District". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal (ed.). Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
  9. ^ "Laskar Mosque in Sherpur : A unique Mughal architectural site". The New Nation. Dhaka. June 25, 2014.
  10. ^ গড়জরিপার বারোদুয়ারী মসজিদ [Garajaripara 'Baraduari' mosque]. The Daily Sangram (in Bengali). Dhaka.
  11. ^ "List of members of the 11th parliament". National parliament of Bangladesh.