Sherwin Carlquist

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Sherwin Carlquist FMLS[1]
Sherwin Carlquist in the lab.jpg
Born(1930-07-07)July 7, 1930
DiedDecember 1, 2021(2021-12-01) (aged 91)
Alma materUniversity of California, Berkeley
AwardsLinnean Medal (2002)
Scientific career
InstitutionsClaremont Graduate School, Pomona College
InfluencesMarion S. Cave
Author abbrev. (botany)Carlquist
WebsitePlant Discoveries : Sherwin Carlquist

Sherwin John Carlquist FMLS (July 7, 1930 - December 1, 2021) was an American botanist and photographer. [2]


He received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, Berkeley in 1952 and a Ph.D. in botany in 1956, also at Berkeley. During his graduate studies, Marion Elizabeth Stilwell Cave instructed him in the nuances of plant microphotography and embryology.[3][4] Carlquist did a postdoctoral study at Harvard University from 1955 to 1956.


After his postdoctoral studies, he began his teaching career at the Claremont Graduate School. In 1977 he also began teaching at Pomona College and continued teaching at both institutions until 1992. From 1984 to 1992 Carlquist was the resident Plant Anatomist at Rancho Santa Ana Botanic Garden. His last post was as an adjunct professor at University of California at Santa Barbara from 1993 to 1998.[5]

Carlquist studied wood anatomy of the Gnetophyta and was an author of many plant taxa, including species of the carnivorous plant genus Drosera, the Western Australian genus Stylidium, and the odd Australian genus Alexgeorgea whose female flowers are almost entirely underground.[6]

He has made important contributions to the field of island biology[7][8] in the footstep of Alfred Russel Wallace, studying particularly Hawaiian Islands,[9] introducing or emphasizing concepts such as island disharmony, loss of dispersal, increased woodiness, hybridization.


The California plant genus Carlquistia is named for Carlquist.[10]

In 2006 he was awarded the Jose Cuatrecasas Medal for Excellence in Tropical Botany.[11]

Plant species named after Carlquist[edit]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Royal Patrons and Honorary Fellows". The Linnean Society of London. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
  2. ^ "Sherwin J. Carlquist". Santa Barbara Independent. Retrieved January 14, 2022.
  3. ^ Kaplan, Donald R.; Constance, Lincoln; Ornduff, Robert (1997). "Marion Stilwell Cave (1904-1995)". Madroño. 44 (2): 211–213. ISSN 0024-9637.
  4. ^ "University of California: In Memoriam, 1996". Retrieved November 22, 2022.
  5. ^ Sherwin Carlquist. Biography and Publications. Accessed online December 5, 2010.
  6. ^ Sherwin Carlquist. Plant Discoveries. Accessed online December 5, 2010.
  7. ^ Carlquist, S. (1965) Island life. American Museum of Natural History, New York.
  8. ^ Carlquist, S. (1974) Island Biology. Columbia University Press, New York.
  9. ^ Carlquist, S. (1992) Hawaii a natural history. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai, 468 pp.
  10. ^ Flora of North America: Carlquistia
  11. ^ "Dr. Sherwin Carlquist". Santa Barbara Botanic Garden. Retrieved April 23, 2020.
  12. ^ International Plant Names Index.  Carlquist.
  13. ^ "Calflora Database: Carlquistia muirii". Retrieved December 13, 2021.